Hani was one of the nobles of Kufa, a strong and proud Shia’h and a renowned reciter of the Glorious Qur’an in that part of the Muslim world. He was the chief of the Murad tribe. He had seen and was honored by being the Companion of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). At the time of his martyrdom, he was over 90 years. (Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, Al-Isaba 3/616)
Yazid appointed Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad the governor of Kufa. The Muslims of Kufa were expecting the Infallible Imam Husayn (a.s.) as they have invited him for guidance. The crafty Ubaidullah entered Kufa at night wearing a black dress completely covering himself. After deceitfully entering Kufa as the Imam, he came out in true colors. He arrested all known Shi’ahs and prohibited anyone from sheltering Hazrat Muslim bin Aqeel (a.s.). At that time Hazrat Muslim (a.s.) was staying with Hazrat Mukhtar hence he left his house and came to the house of Hazrat Hani ibn Urwah. Sharik bin Abdullah was staying with Hani. Sharik was one of the respected and renowned Shi’ah of Imam Ali (a.s.). Sharik fell sick and Ubaidullah was coming to see him. Sharik advised Hazrat Aqeel to kill Ubaidullah when he visits Hani’s house but he did not.
The Shi’ahs kept meeting Hazrat Muslim at Hani’s house. Ubaidullah planned a crafty scheme and gave three thousand dinars to his slave Ma’aqil to go to the Shia’hs and tell them that he had some money to be delivered to the member of AhlulBayt (Hazrat Muslim). Ma’aqil came to the mosque and found Muslim ibn al-Ausajah al-Asadi. His crafty scheme worked out and Ubaidullah came to know where Hazrat Mukhtar was staying, and continued to get information every evening.
One day he called Hani and said; “His feet, the feet of the treacherous one, have brought him to you”
Ubaidullah said to Hani: “You brought Muslim to your house and gathered weapons for him. Did you not?” He confronted Ma’aqil with Hani. Hani realized that Ma’aqil was spying for Ubaidullah. Ubaidullah ordered Hani to bring Hazart Muslim to him but he refused saying that he was his guest and the Arabs respect their guests. Ubaidullah threatened to kill him and hit Hani’s face with his sword so fiercely that his nose was broken and he was put in one of the rooms of the palace. Hani’s father-in-law heard that Hani was dead hence he along with his tribesmen surrounded the palace. Ubaidullah asked Shurayh, the judge, to see the condition of Hani and tell them that he was alive. Shurayh complied with and the people left. Later, Ubaydullah ordered that Hani be beheaded in the market.
While Imam Husayn (a.s.) was on the way to Kufa, at the place of Zarud, the Imam was informed about the martyrdom of Hazart Muslim bin Aqeel (a.s.) and Hazart Hani ibn Urwah ()r.a.). The Imam kept repeating the Ayah: “Inna Lillahe Wa Inna Ilaihe Raje’oon” (We belong to Allah, and to Him shall we return), as he wept, pleading to Allah to have mercy on them.
When Ubaidullah sent the heads of Hazrat Muslim (a.s.) and Hazrat Hani ibn Urwah (r.a.) to Yazid, he sent a thanksgiving letter as follows: “I have received the news that Husain is coming towards Iraq, deploy guards over the roads, gather provisions, and keep alert .Imprison and detain the dubious ones and kill those who fight you.”
During the times of Muawiya,he had appointed all governors from his Umayyad clan and they represented his policies of tyranny, oppression, deceit and ruthlessness.
Nafsul Mahmoom Ma’aref Foundation
The Uprising of Ashura Allama Ali Asghar Ridwani
Maqtal al-Husayn Abdal Razzaq Muqarram
Martyrdom of Hani ibn Urwah al-Muradi www.en.rafed.net