Tuesday, August 26, 2014

SURAH AL-ZUHA (DAYTIME)

Surah al-Zuha is the 93rd Surah of the Glorious Qur’an. The English translation is as follows:

                                            In the Name Of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
(I swear) by the midday brightness and by the night, when it is dark. (Muhammad) your Lord has not abandoned you (by not sending you His Revelations), nor is He displeased with you. The reward in the next life will certainly be better for you than worldly gains. Your Lord will soon grant you sufficient favors to please you. Did He not find you as an orphan and give you shelter? Did He not find (unknown to people); did He not give you guidance (to people to know you)? And did He not find you with a great deal of dependents and make you rich. Do not oppress the orphans and do not reject the beggars and proclaim the Bounties of your Lord.   
It is the practice in the Glorious Qur’an that when Allah swears about a thing to emphasize its importance. According to Ibn Abbas (r.a.), it so happened that there was no revelation for 15 days. The polytheists said that Allah has disowned the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.).Yet another tradition states that the Jews inquired about “people of cave” and the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) promised to let them know the next day but did not say “Insha Allah” means God willing, so the revelation stopped. Hence this Surah was revealed. It conveyed the message also that delays in revelation might be due to some Divine prerogatives. Rewards in this world for the Prophet are that he overpowered all his enemies and Islam became an international religion whose followers are found in all the continents of the world! And in the hereafter, he will be happy when all his Ummat is granted salvation. According to the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.), this Ayah is the most hopeful Ayah in the Glorious Qur’an regarding intercession. Of course, there are certain criteria’s for intersession.
There is tradition by the Infallible Imam Jaffar as-Sadiq (a.s.): “One day the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) entered the house of his daughter, the Lady of Paradise, Hazrat Fatima Zahra (s.a.) and saw that she was wearing a coarse dress, holding her son, was moving the stone mill. Tears started to flow in his eyes. He said: “My beloved daughter! Bear the bitterness of this world for the sweetness of hereafter, because Allah has promised me enormous favors in the hereafter.”
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) as orphan: 
His father died before his birth, and Allah caused him to be raised by his grandfather, Abdul Mutallib. His mother died when he was 6 years old. When he was 8 years old, Allah caused the custody of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s) to be transferred to his uncle Abu Talib (a.s.). Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) and Hazrat Fatima bint Asad (s.a.) took care of his physical, emotional and psychological needs for a long time. Allah owns the sacrifices of Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) as His Own by saying: “Did He not find you as an orphan and give you shelter?” Can Allah (God forbid) own the work of a non-Muslim as His Own? As some of the Non-Shia writers keep on harping that Hazrat Abu Talib did not recite shahadatain in his life time.
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.)’s Traditions about Orphans:
“Whoever places his hand on the head of an orphan; Allah will award him one virtue, remove his vices for each hair and raise his status.”
“I and the one who is the guardian of an orphan will be as near as the two fingers, provided he is pious ad God wary”
Wealth through Hazrat Khadija (s.a.): Allah directed the attention of Hazrat Khadija (s.a.) towards the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), who offered to marry him. She was the richest woman of Arabia. She gave away her entire wealth to him to spend for the promotion and spread of Islam. Although everything of this world belongs to Allah but He expresses this ownership in special cases.
Directive to the Muslims:
Although, it is addressed to the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) but it is meant for the Muslims. Allah is directing them not to oppress orphans and not to reject the beggars.
Proclamation of the Bounties of Allah:
 The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “When Allah grants any virtue or gift to a servant, He wants to see the effects of those virtues or gifts on his person.” The Infallible Imam Jaffar as-Sadiq (a.s.) said: “Describe the status, sustenance, favor, virtues and guidance granted by Allah to you.”

Source used:

Translation of the Glorious Qur’an-Tafsir-e-Namoona                          by Ayatullah Nasir Makarem Shirazi

COMPREHENSION OF SALAAT (NAMAAZ)

At numerous places in the Glorious Qur’an, All-Mighty Allah reminds humanity time and again to think and ponder and understand. Islam is a code of life to follow in our practical life. The Pillars of Islam are the Glorious Qur’an and the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.).  The ideal condition would have been that every Muslim learns Arabic language because the Glorious Qur’an is revealed in the Arabic language. If that is not possible or practical then at least we should read the Arabic text and also its translation in our ethnic languages.
With this scenario in mind, I am giving below the English translation of our daily obligatory prayers (Namaz):
Morning Prayers (Salaat-ul-Fajr) is two rakat. After performing Wuzu, I am standing on prayer carpet (Ja’namaz) and recite “Azan” followed by “Intention” (Niyyah) saying “ I am performing two rakat namaz-e-Fajr Qurbatan Ilal-laah (for nearness to Allah). Now I recite Surah Hamd detailed as follows:
                                         In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of the Universe, the Beneficent, the Merciful and Master of the Day of Judgment.
(Lord), You alone do we worship and from You alone do we seek assistance.
(Lord), guide us to the right path, the path of those to whom You have granted blessings, who are neither subject to  (Your) anger nor have gone astray.
Then it is recommended to recite Surah al-Qadr (Destiny) as follows:
                                          In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
We have revealed the Qur’an on the Night of Destiny. What does it tell you the Night of Destiny is? (Worship) on the Night of Destiny is better than (worship) for a thousand months.
On this night, the angels and the Spirit descend by the permission of their Lord with His Decree (to determine everyone’s destiny). This night is all peace until the break of dawn.
I say Allah-o-Akbar (Allah is the greatest), then go to Ruku and say “Subhana Rabbi al Azeem-e-wa beHamde” (Glory and praise be to My Lord Cherisher, the Greatest) Then I stand up and say “Same Allah-o-Leman Hamedah”(God hears to those who praise Him) And say “Allah-o-Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest.) Then I go in prostration and say “Subhana Rabbi al A’la wa be Hamde” (Glory and praise be to My Lord Cherisher, the Highest). Say Allah-o-Akbar and rise from Sajdah (prostration) and sit on my heels and say “Astaghfirul-laaha Rabbi wa atoobu Ilayhi” (I seek forgiveness and repentance from Allah) and go back in Sajdah (prostration) and repeat the previous Zikr. Say “Allah-o-Akbar” and slowly stand up saying “Be hawlil-laahe wa quwwate hi Yaqoomu wa aq’ud” (By Permission and Power of Allah I stand and sit). Thus First rakat is complete.
Now I recite Surah Hamd and Surah Ikhlas (The Purity) as follows:
                                          In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
(Muhammad), say, “He is Allah, Who is One (indivisible). Allah is Absolute (Self-sufficient). He did not have any child nor was He a child of others. There was (and is) no one equal (similar, like, alternative, substitutive) to Him (nor will there ever be).
 Raise my hands in Qunoot and say: “Rabbana Aatina Fid-duniya Hasanatan waFil Aaqirate Hasana Wa Qina Azab an- Naar.” (O My Lord, Please give us good in this world and in hereafter and save us from the Hell fire.)
Complete the Ruku and Sajda (prostration) as in the first rakat. After completing second rakat, sit at the heels and proceed; say Alhamdulillah, Ashhadu an Laa Ilaha Illal-lah Wahdahu Laa shareeka lahu Wa Ashhadu anna Muhammadan Abduhu wa Rasooluh. Allahumma Salle Ala Muhammadin wa Ale Muhammad. (I bear witness that there is no God except  Allah, the One Who has no partner. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and the Prophet of the Absolute One God. O Allah! Send bountiful blessings on Muhammad and his blessed  Progeny. Then say “As-Salaam-o Alaika aiyyuhan Nabiyyu wa Rahmatul laahe wa Barakaatu, Assalamu Alayna wa alaa Ibadillahis Saleheen As-Salaam u Alaykum wa Rahmatul-laahi Wa Barakaatu” (May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you O’ Prophet. Peace be upon all of us and upon the Righteous Servants of Allah. May peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you all. Then say three times “Allah-o-Akbar” while raising my hands up to my ears and back on my lap. Then recite “Tasbih-e-Fatima” which is 34 times Allah-o-Akbar”, 33 times “Al-Hamdo Lil-laah”, and 33 times “Sub’hanAllah”.
If it is Maghreb Prayer, after “Tashahhud”, stand up and recite3 times either” Tasbiha-tul-Arba’a” which is “Subhanallahi walhamdolillahe wa la Ilaha Ilallahu wallahu Akbar” (Glory be to Allah and praise be to Allah, there is no God except Allah and Allah is the Greatest) or recite Surah Hamd and complete the third rakat as usual, and recite Tashahud and Salaam and complete the namaz. If it is Isha’ prayer, the fourth rakat should be completed as third one.
Pray for other Muslims, your community, for your relatives and lastly for yourself.


Wednesday, August 20, 2014

HAZRAT MALIK AL-ASHTAR (R.A.)

Malik bin al-Harith al-Nakha’i (r.a.) was one of the most pious and loyal companions of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) and the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.). Al-Ashtar is a title given to him because he was struck on his eyelid in the Battle of Yarmouk. His date of birth is not available but it is reported that he was 10 years older than Imam Ali (a.s.) and 20 years younger than the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). He was from Yemen.
He is recognized for his piety, humbleness as well as his fierce and steadfast defense for Islam. He was the fiercest warrior of his time and was the right hand of the Commander of the Faithful (a.s.).
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) sent Khalid bin Waleed to Yemen to invite people toward Islam, but his approach was such that the people started pelting stones at him. Then Imam Ali (a.s.) was sent. When he along with some Muslims reached Yemen, the Yemenis again threw stones, but Imam Ali advised his companions to be patient. When Imam Ali (a.s.) finished his invitation of Islam to them they were so impressed by his personality that the tribes of Kinda, Banu Nakha, Hamadan, and Thaftan converted to Islam. The prominent personalities like Hujr bin Adi, Kumail bin Ziyad and Malik were among them.
Encounter with Waleed bin Uqba, the Governor of Kufa:
Waleed bin Uqba was the half brother of the third caliph Usman bin Affan. He used to consume alcohol openly and was expelled from the country by the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). Surah al-Hujarat Ayah 6 exposes his character stating him to be an evil man: “Believers, if one who publicly commits sins brings you any news, ascertain its truthfulness carefully, lest you harm people through ignorance and then regret what you have done.”
One day, he entered the mosque drunk and led the Morning Prayer four rakat instead of two rakat and at the end asked the Muslims if he should continue! Malik along with Kumail bin Ziyad and nine other Muslims complained to him. Instead of accepting his mistake he expelled them to Sham (Syria). Muawiya said: “How dare you speak about the governor and cause disunity. Quran says ‘Obey Allah, obey the prophet, and obey the leaders among you!” They were expelled from Syria as well. They were returning to Madinah and were stopped on the way at Rabza, where Abu Dharr Ghifari was in a very bad health after being banished by the third caliph. Malik and nine other Muslims returned to Madinah and complained about the behavior of Waleed and Muawiya but nothing was done.
Soon the caliph was assassinated by the Muslims. Now the multitude of Muslims requested the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.) to accept the caliphate but the Imam refused. Malik was among them. When the pressure increased, then Imam Ali (a.s.) accepted their demand. On assuming the caliphate, he immediately removed every unjust governor.
Battle of Jamal:  Marwan played a vital role in arranging a large army along with Ummul Momineen Aisha, Talha and Zubair. They headed towards Basra. Imam Ali (a.s.) sent Malik to enlist support from Kufans and by his powerful speech enlisted support of over 18,000 people. When they joined the forces of Imam Ali (a.s.), he gave the command of the right wing to Malik and left wing to Ammar bin Yasser and the army’s standard to his son Muhammad bin Hanafiyah. As usual, Imam Ali (a.s.) ordered his men not to attack first. He asked for a volunteer to take the Glorious Qur’an to the rebels, a brave man came forward. When the man went to the rebels he was martyred. The Imam raised his hands and prayed. The war began and Malik’s men fought bravely. Imam Ali (a.s.) asked Malik to cut the feet of Hazrat Aisha’s camel and asked Muhammad bin Abi Bakr to support his sister when the camel falls. Thus the mission was accomplished and Hazrat Aisha was respectfully sent back to Madinah.
Battle of Siffin: Imam Ali (a.s.) removed all corrupt governors replacing them with honest, truthful, trustworthy, God-conscious ones. He appointed Malik as the governor of areas near the border of Shaam (Syria). The infamous and power-hungry Muawiya, who sought to eliminate the caliphate of Imam Ali (a.s.) and fearful of his removal, formed an army to defend his power. Imam Ali (a.s.) exchanged letters with him but he openly disobeyed. Imam Ali (a.s.) sent an army towards Sham. The two armies met at Kirkeesiya. Malik tried to persuade Muawiya to avoid bloodshed. Muwiya's army made a surprise attack at night but was suppressed. The real battle took place at Siffin. Muawiyah’s army captured the River Euphrates and denied water to Imam Ali (a.s.)’s army. Imam Ali (a.s.) sent Malik to recapture the river but it was the nobility of Imam Ali (a.s.) who allowed the enemy to take water!
Malik was a brave and fearless a warrior. During the war, Malik said that he had killed the same number as Imam Ali (a.s.). The Imam replied that before killing he was seeing if there was any believer in the next seven generations of the victim! At the height of the war, Muawiya tricked Imam Ali (a.s.)’s army and asked his men to raise Qur’an on their spears. Imam Ali (a.s.) tried to convince his men about the trick but about 22,000 Kharijites refused to obey him.  Malik was only two rows away from Muawiya when the Imam recalled him. This was the discipline that Malik stopped the fight and returned to the Imam.
Imam Ali (a.s.)’s letter to Malik:
Imam Ali (a.s.) had sent a directive to Mailk regarding the governance. The former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi used to give this letter to any new cabinet minister. In the year 1997, the Secretary General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan had conducted a survey to search for the best document on Justice and found this letter to be the best document ever written.
Martyrdom of Malik by Mua’wiya: Muhammad bin Abi Bakr was the governor of Egypt. Muawiya’s companion Amr bin As wanted to become the governor of Egypt. He rallied 6,000 men and advanced toward Egypt. On hearing this news from Muhammad, Imam Ali (a.s.) dispatched Malik to help him. When Muawiya heard about it, he planned to eliminate Malik by poison. He sent a delegation to the owner of a service station at Qilzim City where travelers used to stop for rest. The owner was promised life time tax free facility. Consequently, Malik was poisoned in honey and died instantly. On hearing the news of Malik’s martyrdom, he was very sad and said: “Women would become baron to give birth to a man like Malik. Malik was to me like I was to Rasul Allah!” When his plan was successful, Muawiya was jubilant and said: “Ali ibn Abi Talib had two hands, I cut off one of them in Siffin; it was Ammar ibn Yassir. Today, I have cut off the other hand, it is Malik.”
Malik had two sons; Ishaq and Ibrahim. Ishaq fought in Karbala with Imam Hussayn (a.s.) and Ibrahim helped Mukhtar avenge the martyrs of Karbala.
Sources used:
Malik al-Ashtar                                                                                                       by Kamal al-Sayyid

WIKIPEDIA

Sunday, August 17, 2014

KHWAJA MOIN UDDIN CHISHTY (R.A.)

He was born in Sistan, Iran in the year 1142 A.D. and died in the year 1236 A.D. and was buried at Ajmer, India. His paternal genealogy relates to the King of Martyrs, Imam Hussayn (a.s.) and maternal genealogy is linked to one of the Chiefs of the youths of Paradise Imam Hasan (a.s.). Thus he is the direct descendant of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), a very rare distinction!
He lost both his parents at an early age. Even in childhood, he was a pious boy always ready to share things with his friends and help the needy.
Throughout his life, he exhibited the noble traits of character so peculiar to the House of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). It was the truth, peace, love and non-violence. Islam spread in India by the great moral power, glorious and appealing character, with love and dedication to mankind, without any worldly resources of wealth, power, force and material means. He was a great scholar. He interpreted the true Islamic message of love for humanity and also love for the Al-Mighty. He was the great mystic of his time. It is reported that he was directed in a dream by the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) to proceed to India and spread Islam there. He laid the foundation of Chishty order of Sufis in India and inspired the millions of souls to be his followers around the world.
His titles were; Sultan-ul-Hind (King of India), Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (Caretaker of the poor), and Ajmeri Khwaja.
His disciples were: Qutubuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, Fariduddin Ganjshakar, and Nizamuddin Auliya. He himself was the disciple of Usman Harooni. He had visited the seminaries of Samarkhand and Bukhara and all other great centers of Muslim culture. He along with his Murshid, Usman Harooni, travelled in the Middle East and also visited Makkah and Madinah.
It is reported that the Mughal Emperor Akbar went on foot to Ajmer to meet him!
He had authored several books including Anis al-Arwah and Dalil al-Arifin. The books deal with the code of Islamic living.
Poem Favoring the King of the Martyrs: His immortal poem paying rich tributes to the King of Martyrs, Imam Hussayn (a.s.) reads as follows:
                Shah ast Hussayn Badshah ast Hussayn (Ruler is Hussayn, Emperor is Hussayn)
                Din ast Hussayn Dinpanah ast Hussayn (Faith is Hussayn, guardian of faith is Hussayn)
                Sar dad na dad dast dar daste Yazeed (Offered his head not the hand to Yazeed)
                Haqqa ke binai la ilah ast Hussayn (Indeed, Hussayn is the foundation of the Shahadah)
The spiritual Lineage of all Sufis terminates at the Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (a.s.)
Sayings of Khwaja Moin uddin Chishty:
The test of a true devotee’s mind is that it is always strictly obedient to the will of God, and is constantly afraid of behaving in a manner which is apt to displease Him resulting in the withdrawal of His Grace.
He is a hardened sinner who commits sin and yet simultaneously entertains the belief that he is one of the God’s chosen few.
Patience is tested through resignation to sorrow, sufferings and disaster without murmur disclosing one’s pains to others.
Namaz (Islamic prayer) is the ladder leading to the Proximity of God All-Mighty.
Prosperity departs from the home of one who tells a lie on oath and is soon ruined.
Keep handy your equipment for the last journey and think of death as hovering over your head at all times.
Offer your repentance quickly before death arrives and hurry up to perform Namaz before its final hour passes.
Perfection of faith is evidenced by three things; Fear, Hope, and Love.
True friendship or love (of God) lies in maintaining His constant recollection in heart and not in expression by speech.
Sources used:
Khwaja Moin Uddin Chishty.com

WIKIPEDIA

Friday, August 15, 2014

MA'AD - HEREAFTER

The root of Ma’ad is Aud which means to return or come back. As on the Day of Resurrection, the souls will be made to return to their bodies. Hereafter or Qiamat is one of the Roots of Islam and to have faith in that is essential or obligatory. It is that everyone will, after his death, become alive again and would be rewarded or punished according to ones belief and deeds. Ma’ad encompasses four stages; death, grave, Barzakh, Resurrection and ends with either Paradise or Hell. Man in this world is like a baby in the womb who has no idea about the outside world. The only sources of comprehension of Ma’ad are the Glorious Qur’an, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s) and his Ahlul Bayt (a.s.).
Death- The First Station: The breaking of the relation between the body and the soul is called death. The relation between body and soul may be explained as a lamp in the dark house of the body which shows through eyes, ears and other organ. When death occurs, the lamp is removed and the body is left in darkness. It is just to explain the relationship, but in reality the soul neither enters nor leaves the body. Allah is the only bestower of life and death as mentioned in Surah Zumar Ayah 49 which says: “Allah gives life and only Allah causes death.”
In the Glorious Qur’an, Surah Nisa Ayah 97 says: “Angels collect the souls.” Surah Sajdah Ayah 11: “The angel of death takes away the souls.” In reality it is Allah who causes death.
At the time of death, the angels as well as Shaitan come to the dying person. Shaitan tries even at the last moment to mislead. A man’s feelings at the time of death will be the same as he had it during his life time and will be the same on the Day of Resurrection.
People who did good deeds will die peacefully as stated in Surah Nahl Ayah 32: “Those whom angels cause to die in good state, saying: “Peace be on you: enter the Garden for what you did.”
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s) said: “Even in Muslims there are three groups of people whose souls will be taken away in a harsh way; a tyrant ruler, one who usurps orphan’s property, and the one who gives false testimony.”
Love for this world is an attribute of infidels and a source of sins. In Usool al-Kafi, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s) said: “The root of all evils is the love for this world.”
The condition of a man regarding death should be like a man in the service of a king for a few days. In the meanwhile he gets a word from the king that you will be, at an unexpected time, be made to stand in front of the king so that you be rewarded and honored by the king for good service and loyalty.
Similarly, a faithful person, though he feels happy at his death, which is the door to the place of rewards and gifts, also like and wishes that the said hour may be delayed so that he may perform more worship.
It is mentioned in many traditions that the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) and the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.) arrive at the head of the dying person. It is stated in some other traditions that the Pure Panjetan (a.s.) come by the side of the dying person. According to the famous tradition by Haris-e-Hamadani, Imam Ali (a.s.) said: “Everyone sees me on his or her death bed and will do so in future also, be he a believer or non-believer.”
After death, the soul remains near the body, it watches who is washing and shrouding the body, it listens to the talk of the people. After the burial, the soul is reconnected to the body. The first good news given to the faithful in the grave is: “The Most Merciful Allah has forgiven you and all those who participated in your burial.” According to the Shia faith, the deceased person has to face the questioning in the grave by the angels; Munkir and Nakir. And also believe that the grave squeezes the body. The questioning is about God, the Prophet, and the Imams. If the deceased gives correct answers, a door is opened near the head and his grave is widened. If he fails to give correct answers, a door of Hell is opened near the head. It is reported that questions may be put for certain deeds also. Deeds are in the form of companions remain in the grave with the dead till the Day of Resurrection.
Sa’ad bin Mua’az Ansari, was a pious companion of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). When he died, rows of angels attended his funeral; the Prophet himself lowered his body in the grave. Seeing all this, his mother congratulated Sa’ad for the Paradise. The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) asked her from where she knew that his son has reached Paradise. He said that Sa’ad is undergoing squeeze of the grave. He gave the reason for this squeeze was that his behavior with his wife was not good! Other reasons for grave squeeze are; back-biting, not purifying one after urinating, making false allegations etc.
Sources used:
Bihar-ul-Anwar                                                                                             by Allama Majlisi (r.a.)

The Book Hereafter                                                                                      by Ayatullah DasteGhaib (r.a.)

Tuesday, August 12, 2014

HAZRAT JABIR IBNE ABDULLAH ANSARI (R.A.)

Hazrat Jabir was born in Madinah, about 15 years before the Migration (Hijrat) of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.).He was the son of Abdullah, who belonged to the tribe of Khizrij. Hazrat Jabir accepted Islam when he was a young boy.
It is reported that the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) told him: “O’ Jabir! You will have a long life, and although you will go blind, but you will meet my 5th in the line of my descendants, whose name will be my name, who will walk like me and who will be the 5th Imam. Convey my greetings to him”
In the Battle of Uhad, he was not allowed by his father to take part in the jihad. Hazrat Jabir had seven sisters and his father wanted him to take care of them. Hence, he was there only to take care of the thirsty Muslims. His father, Abdullah was martyred in Uhad at the age of about 100 years. However, he participated in 19 Ghazawa’t (Battles in which the Noble Prophet ‘s.a.w.a.s’ was present).
Hazrat Jabir was a very close companion of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.) and the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.). He fought under the command of Imam Ali (a.s.) in the Battles of Jamal, Siffin, and Nahrawan. He could not participate in the Jihad of Karbala as he had become very old and became blind. On 20th of Safar, 61 A.H. he was the first pilgrim to the shrine of the King of Martyrs, Imam Hussayn (a.s.) and had recited a Ziarat known as “Ziarat-e-Arba’een”.
In Madinah, he waited to meet the 5th Imam, and each morning he would come out of his house and sit be the road side and wait for the sound of the foot steps to recognize the 5th Imam. On one such day, while he was waiting, he heard someone walking towards him, the sound of the footsteps reminded him the way the Noble Prophet used to walk. He stood up, stopped the man and asked his name. He replied, “Muhammad”, Hazrat Jabir asked: “Whose son?” He replied: “Ali ibn al-Hussayn”. Hazrat Jabir immediately recognized the man he was talking to, he was the 5th Imam, the Infallible Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s.). He immediately kissed the Imam (a.s.)’s hands and conveyed the message of his Noble Grandfather (s.a.w.a.s.).
Narrator of Hadees-e-Kissa: Hazrat Jabir being one of the most pious, noble and close companion of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). He had the unique privilege of narrating the famous “Hadees-e-Kissa” by the Lady of Paradise, Chief of the women of the world, Hazrat Fatima Zahra (s.a.). The Hadees-e-Kissa identifies the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) as mentioned in the Golden Ayah of Purity; Surah al-Ahza’b Ayah 33: “O’ People of the House, Allah wants to keep away all kinds of uncleanness from you and to purify you thoroughly.”
Hazrat Jabir would walk through the streets of Madinah and say: “Ali is the best of all mankind. Whoever denies that is an unbeliever. O people of Ansar, educate your children to love Ali”. It is reported that the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) asked Allah twenty five times to forgive Jabir. Once, someone asked Jabir to say something about Imam Ali (a.s.), He replied: “He is the best of all creatures, no one hates but a hypocrite and no one doubts in him except an infidel.”
Modern Miracle: In the year 1932, the King Faisal of Iraq dreamt that Hazaifa-e-Yamani, one of the close companion and staunch supporter of the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.) addressed to the king, saying: “O’ King! Remove Jabir ibne Abdullah Ansari and me from the banks of River Tigris and bury at some safe place because my grave is already filled with water and Jabir’s grave is getting water slowly. On 20th Zil-Hijjah 1351 A.H., a large number of Muslim and non-Muslim crowd, along with the King, Grand Mufti, the Prime Minister, and Prince Farooq of Egypt, evidenced the opening of the graves of the two trusted companions of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). Both the holy bodies were fresh and intact while their open eyes were spreading such divine light that the spectator’s eyes were dazzled! Their coffins were also intact and looked as if they were alive. The two bodies were taken away and re-buried near the grave of Salman al-Farsi, about 30 miles from Baghdad, Iraq. A German Physiologist was so impressed by the condition of the bodies, which were buried more than one thousand years,  he came to the Grand Mufti and said: “What more evidence can there be in support of Islam. I embraced Islam, so teach me about it.” He was followed by many Christians and Jews who also became Muslim!            
 (Refer Daily Jung of 7th June 1970)
He had a long life and was martyred by one of the Tyrants of the time, Hajjaj bin Yousuf, who poisoned him for the enormous love for the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). He was 94 at the time of his Martyrdom.
Sources used:
The book : Al-Amali                                                                                          by Shaikh Mufid (a.r.)
Brief Commentary of Hadees-e-Kissa                                                                by Jerrmein Shahba

WIKIPEDIA, TEBYAN.NET

Sunday, August 10, 2014

HAZRAT HAMZA BIN ABDUL MUTALLIB (A.S.)

Hazrat Hamza (a.s.) was the paternal uncle of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) hence belonged to the Bani Hashim clan. It is incorrect to treat him as a companion. His “Kuniya” were Abu Umara and Abu Ya’ala. He was called the “Strongest Man of Quraysh” as he was well-built, fond of wrestling, archery, and swordsmanship. He liked hunting.
Upon return from a hunting trip, he was told that Abu Jahal had attacked and insulted the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). Filled with rage, Hazrat Hamza (a.s.) rushed to Abu Jahal and struck him with a violent blow on his head with his bow. He said: “Will you insult him, when I am of his religion and say what he says? Hit me back if you can.” Because of his blow on Abu Jahal’s head, his head broke open. Some of Abu Jahal’s relatives approached to help him, but he told them: “Leave Abu Umara (Hazrat Hamza) alone, for by God, I insulted his nephew deeply.” After that incident Hazrat Hamza (a.s.) entered the house of Al-Arqam and declared Islam. Hazrat Hamza (a.s.)’s Islam was complete and he followed the Apostle’s commands. When he became a Muslim, the Quraysh recognized that the Apostle had become strong, and had found a protector in Hazrat Hamza (a.s.).
According to Muhammad ibn Saad translated by Bewley A. (The companions of Badr, Ta Ha Publishers, London), one day Hazrat Hamza (a.s.) asked the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) to show him the Angle Jibra’eel in his true form. The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) told him that he would not be able to see him. Upon his insistence, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) asked him to sit down. It is reported that Archangel Jibra’eel descended in front of them and Hazrat Hamza (a.s.) saw that Archangel Jibra’eel’s feet were like emeralds and he fell unconscious.
After the Migration to Madinah, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) made him the brother in Islam of Zayd bin Haritha.
As a result of the Muslim’s Migration to Madinah, the Quraysh attacked the remaining Muslims in Makkah, destroyed their properties. To retaliate for this destruction, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) sent his uncle Hazrat Hamza with a small army of thirty mujahedeen to the coast in Juhayna to intercept the Quraysh’s merchant caravan returning from Syria. However, Majdi ibn Amt al-Juhani intervened.
Battle of Badr: Abu Jahal marched towards Madinah with 950 well-armed men. The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) along with 313 Mujahedeen came out to face the enemy. The Muslims blocked the wells at Badr. Alaswad ibn Abdal asad al-Makhzumi was a quarrel-some, ill-natured man. He said: “I swear to God that I will drink from their Cistern or destroy it or die before reaching it.” Hazrat Hamza came forward against him, and when the two met, Hazrat Hamza attacked him and he fell on the ground and lay there. Then he crawled to the well and threw himself into it, but Hazrat Hamza followed him and killed him in the well. The polytheists called for single combat. Hazrat Hamza faced Utba ibn Rabi’iah and killed him, Imam Ali (a.s.) faced Waleed bin Utba and killed him. Hazrat Hamza helped Imam Ali kill Utba’s brother Shayba, who was facing Ubaidullah. Allah granted victory to the Muslims.
Battle of Uhad:  When the news of defeat reached Makkah, the Polythiests started to avenge this defeat. Specially, Hinda, the wife of Abu Sufiyan and mother of Muawiya. She gave some gold to a slave called Wahshy to kill the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), or Imam Ali (a.s.) or Hazrat Hamza (a.s.). She promised to give more reward after the mission was accomplished. Before the commencement of hostilities, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) had stationed a band of archers at the foot of al- Ainain Mountain to protect the back side of the Muslim army, and ordered them not to leave their position at all. But when the polytheists were losing the battle and running away, the band of archers forgot their clear orders and left the position to share the booty. Khalid ibn Waleed, a commander of the enemy, attacked from that loop hole and caused damages. Wahshy was waiting behind a tree with a spear and threw it in the abdomen of Hazrat Hamza who was instantly martyred. Hinda came and ripped open his abdomen cut out the lever and chewed it. She also desecrated his body by cutting his nose and ears to make a neck-lace. Abu Sufiyan also came to desecrate the body.
When the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) saw his uncle’s desecrated body, he cried a lot. He took out his dress and covered the body and said: “Uncle, the Lion of Allah, the Lion of His Apostle, doer of good deeds, remover of worries, defender of Allah’s Apostle, and saver of his face.”
Hazrat Hamza (a.s.)’s day of martyrdom is 15 Shawwal 2 A.H. Please see my article “Asma Binte Umais (s.a.)
Sources used:
Hamza bin Abdul Muttalib                                                                             by Kamal al-Sayyid
A Restatement of the history of Islam and Muslims                                         by Sayyid Ali Asghar Razwy

WIKIPEDIA and ezsoftech.com/Islamic/hamza.asp