Surah al-Zuha is the 93rd Surah of the Glorious Qur’an. The English translation is as follows:
In the Name Of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
(I swear) by the midday brightness and by the night, when it is dark. (Muhammad) your Lord has not abandoned you (by not sending you His Revelations), nor is He displeased with you. The reward in the next life will certainly be better for you than worldly gains. Your Lord will soon grant you sufficient favors to please you. Did He not find you as an orphan and give you shelter? Did He not find (unknown to people); did He not give you guidance (to people to know you)? And did He not find you with a great deal of dependents and make you rich. Do not oppress the orphans and do not reject the beggars and proclaim the Bounties of your Lord.
It is the practice in the Glorious Qur’an that when Allah swears about a thing to emphasize its importance. According to Ibn Abbas (r.a.), it so happened that there was no revelation for 15 days. The polytheists said that Allah has disowned the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.).Yet another tradition states that the Jews inquired about “people of cave” and the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) promised to let them know the next day but did not say “Insha Allah” means God willing, so the revelation stopped. Hence this Surah was revealed. It conveyed the message also that delays in revelation might be due to some Divine prerogatives. Rewards in this world for the Prophet are that he overpowered all his enemies and Islam became an international religion whose followers are found in all the continents of the world! And in the hereafter, he will be happy when all his Ummat is granted salvation. According to the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.), this Ayah is the most hopeful Ayah in the Glorious Qur’an regarding intercession. Of course, there are certain criteria’s for intersession.
There is tradition by the Infallible Imam Jaffar as-Sadiq (a.s.): “One day the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) entered the house of his daughter, the Lady of Paradise, Hazrat Fatima Zahra (s.a.) and saw that she was wearing a coarse dress, holding her son, was moving the stone mill. Tears started to flow in his eyes. He said: “My beloved daughter! Bear the bitterness of this world for the sweetness of hereafter, because Allah has promised me enormous favors in the hereafter.”
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) as orphan:
His father died before his birth, and Allah caused him to be raised by his grandfather, Abdul Mutallib. His mother died when he was 6 years old. When he was 8 years old, Allah caused the custody of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s) to be transferred to his uncle Abu Talib (a.s.). Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) and Hazrat Fatima bint Asad (s.a.) took care of his physical, emotional and psychological needs for a long time. Allah owns the sacrifices of Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) as His Own by saying: “Did He not find you as an orphan and give you shelter?” Can Allah (God forbid) own the work of a non-Muslim as His Own? As some of the Non-Shia writers keep on harping that Hazrat Abu Talib did not recite shahadatain in his life time.
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.)’s Traditions about Orphans:
“Whoever places his hand on the head of an orphan; Allah will award him one virtue, remove his vices for each hair and raise his status.”
“I and the one who is the guardian of an orphan will be as near as the two fingers, provided he is pious ad God wary”
Wealth through Hazrat Khadija (s.a.): Allah directed the attention of Hazrat Khadija (s.a.) towards the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), who offered to marry him. She was the richest woman of Arabia. She gave away her entire wealth to him to spend for the promotion and spread of Islam. Although everything of this world belongs to Allah but He expresses this ownership in special cases.
Directive to the Muslims:
Although, it is addressed to the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) but it is meant for the Muslims. Allah is directing them not to oppress orphans and not to reject the beggars.
Proclamation of the Bounties of Allah:
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “When Allah grants any virtue or gift to a servant, He wants to see the effects of those virtues or gifts on his person.” The Infallible Imam Jaffar as-Sadiq (a.s.) said: “Describe the status, sustenance, favor, virtues and guidance granted by Allah to you.”
Translation of the Glorious Qur’an-Tafsir-e-Namoona by Ayatullah Nasir Makarem Shirazi