Friday, November 27, 2015


The followers of the leading religions like Christianity, Judaism and Islam had grave yards to bury their dead. The first grave yard of Islam was “Jannat-ul-Mu’allah” in Makkah in which the most important personalities who were the pillars of Islam, were buried including Hazrat Abdul Muttalib, Hazrat Abu Talib, Hazrat Khadija and Hazrat Amina.
After Migration, the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) purchased a piece of land from two orphans and created the first grave yard in Madinah. It was called Jannat-ul-Baqi. It is located near the Prophet’s Mosque (Masjid-e-Nabavi).
As’ad bin Zararah, an Ansarian companion of the Messenger was the first to be buried there followed by Usman bin Maz’oon, and a migrant companion to be buried in this grave yard. Subsequently, about 7,000 companions were buried in Jannat-ul-Baqi including the wives of the Messenger of Allah except Sayyida Khadija, Hazrat Ummul Banin (s.a.), Hazrat Fatima bint Asad, the mother of the Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (a.s.), Hazrat Halima, Hazrat Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib, Hazrat Aqeel ibn Abu Talib, the Messenger’s aunts Hazrat A’tika and Hazrat Safia, the third caliph Usman bin iffan and Malik bin Anas, one of the jurists.
The Lady of Paradise, Sayyida Fatima Zahra (s.a.), the Infallible Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (a.s.), the Infallible Imam Ali ibnal Husayn Zain-al-Abedin (a.s.), the Infallible Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s.) and the Infallible Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq (a.s.) of the Ahlul Bayt were also buried in Jannat –ul-Baqi.
The Caliphs of the Ottoman Empire respected the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) and built tombs on the graves. On April 21, 1926 corresponding to Shawwal 8, 1344 A.H., and the mausoleums in Jannat-ul-Baqi were demolished by King ibn Saud following the Wahabi school of thought. Wahabis claimed that in Surah al-Tawbah Ayah 84, Allah says: “Should any of them die, never pray for him or stand on his grave. They have disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger and have died while committing evil.” They only read the bold letters and do not read the complete Ayah!
Similarly, Wahabis discourages building tombs or raised graves. According to the Glorious Qur’an a mosque was built on the cave where the People of Cave perished. Surah al-Kahf Ayah 21: “...and some of them said,”Let us establish a building at the youth’s sleeping place. The majority prevailed in their suggestion of the establishment of a mosque in that place.”  
The Wahabis further claim that people ask for help from the dead, they should only ask for help from Allah directly without intermediary. Surah al-Ma’idah Ayah 35: “Believers, have fear of Allah. Find means to reach Him and strive hard for His cause so that you may have everlasting happiness.” Allah is asking to find means or intermediary to reach Him! Prophet Yaqoob could have prayed to Allah directly to cure his eye-sight but Prophet Yousuf gave his shirt to his brothers and told them to put it on his father’s eyes and as soon as the shirt was placed on Prophet Yaqoob’s eyes, his blindness disappeared and he became healthy!
The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) had encouraged Muslims to visit the graves of Muslim brothers especially their relatives. The Infallible Imam Ali al-Reza (a.s.) said: “Whoever visits a graveyard, face towards Ka’aba, places one hand on the grave and recites 7 times Surah Qadr, Allah will protect him from the horrors of the Day of Resurrection (Qiyamat).

Sources used:

WIKIPEDIA and Lecture by the renowned scholar Sayyid Ammar Naqshwani

Tuesday, November 24, 2015


Sayyidah Zaynab (s.a.), the third child of the Pure and Infallible Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.) and the Lady of Paradise, Sayyidah Fatima Zahra (s.a.); the sister of the Princes of Paradise, Imam Hasan (a.s.) and Imam Hussayn (a.s.).
Her title was Siddiqah-e-Sughra. Her kuniyat was Ummul Masa’ib. Like her brothers, her name was given by the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.s.). Zaynab means “The Adornment of Her Father”.
She was born on 5th Jamadi-al-Awwal, 5 A.H. in Madinah. The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.s.) was not in Madinah at that time. On his return, as usual, he went straight to Sayyidah Fatima Zahra’s house and he was given the news of her birth. While he was holding Sayyidah Zaynab (s.a.) in his lap, Archangel Jibra’eel descended and conveyed the name for the newborn and then he began to cry. On inquiry from the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.s.), he replied: “O Prophet of Allah! From early on in life this girl will be entangled in trials and tribulations in this world. First she will cry over your separation from her; thereafter she will bemoan the loss of her mother, then her father, then her brother Hasan. After all this, she will be confronted with the trials at the land of Karbala as a result of which her hair will turn gray and her back will be bent.”
After the sad demise of her mother when she was only seven years old, she took care of her father’s household and also looked after her brothers and sister. From young age, she was generous to the poor and orphans.
In her character, she represented the best attributes of those who raised her. In sobriety and sincerity, she was likened to Ummul Momineen Khadija (s.a.), her grandmother; in chastity and modesty to her mother Sayyidah Fatima Zahra (s.a.), in eloquence to her father Imam Ali (a.s.). Her face reflected the awe of her father and her grandfather’s reverence.
After the sad demise of her grandfather, there came the period of distress and hardship. When her mother gave the sermon of Fadak, she was only four years old, but narrated the sermon so lucidly and expressly that the people from Bani Hashim remembered it by heart. She is called Zaynab, the narrator of traditions.
Marriage:  She was married in a simple ceremony to her first cousin Hazrat Abdullah ibn Jaffer al-Tayyar. Hazrat Jaffer was martyred in the battle, and when Hazrat Abdullah, a young boy, was brought to the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), he prayed for his sustenance. He was raised by the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) and after his death by Imam Ali (a.s.).He grew up into a handsome youth with pleasing manners and was known for his sincere hospitality and selfless generosity to the poor and needy. Imam Ali (a.s.) told Hazrat Abdullah not to prevent Sayyidah Zaynab (s.a.) from going on a journey with her brother Imam Hussayn (a.s.).
Although her husband was a man of means, yet she lived a modest life, not a life of luxury. The marriage did not diminish her strong attachment to her family. Together this young couple had five children, of whom four were sons; Ali, Aun, Muhammad, and Abbas, and one daughter Umme Kulsoom.
In Madinah, Sayyidah Zaynab (s.a.) held meetings of women in which she shared her knowledge and taught them the precepts of Islam as laid down in the Glorious Qur’an and practiced by the Messenger of Allah and Ahlul Bayt (a.s.). Her gatherings were well and regularly attended. She was able to impart the teachings with such clarity and eloquence that she was known as Fasiha (skillfully fluent) and Baligha (intensely eloquent).
In the year 37 A.H., when Imam Ali (a.s.) became the formal Caliph, he moved the capital to Kufa, Sayyidah Zaynab (s.a.) and her husband also moved to Kufa.  Her reputation as an inspiring teacher had preceded her. In Kufa, women would throng to her daily sittings where they all were benefitted from her erudition, wisdom, and scholarship in the exegesis of the Glorious Qur’an. The depth and certainty of her knowledge earned her the name given to her by her nephew, the Infallible Imam Zain-al-Abedin (a.s.), of Alimah Ghayr Mu’allamah, ‘one who has knowledge without being taught.’
Fateful Journey to Karbala: After Imam Ali (a.s.) was martyred by the most evil creature in the world, Imam Hasan (a.s.) succeeded his father. But the crafty Muawiya trapped him by his usual treacherous weapons of money and sword and eventually he managed to poison the “Prince of Paradise” by his wife. Sayyidah Zaynab (s.a.) witnessed the pieces of her brother’s liver as a result of the poison. In complete contravention of the covenants of peace treaty with Imam Hasan (a.s.), Muawiya appointed Yazid as his heir- apparent and expedited efforts to obtain allegiance from influential leaders. When Muwiya died, Yazid ordered the governor of Madinah to either obtain Imam Hussayn (a.s.)’s allegiance or kill him! Imam Hussayn (a.s.) left for Makkah along with his sister Sayyidah Zaynab (s.a.) and other members of Bani Hashim and his companions. From Makkah the Imam (a.s.) proceeded to Karbala, where this band of the Saviors of Islam, were mercilessly butchered by the hypocrites, not leaving even the Imam (a.s.)’s infant of 6 months. After the massacre, the so-called Muslims desecrated the women, looted and set on fire the camps. Sayyidah Zaynab (s.a.) took charge of the situation, saved Imam Sajjad (a.s.), consoled and protected the women and children. This “Caravan of Truth” was paraded from Kufa to Damascus with the Daughters of the Prophet without head-cover; their hands were fastened with ropes. The Bani Umayyiyad wanted to disgrace and damage the Ahlul Bayt morally. But the Iron Lady of Karbala delivered bold and daring speeches full of eloquence and uncovered the hypocritical faces of Yazid and his forefathers. Ultimately, when Yazid feared an uprising, he offered to release the Family of the Prophet of Islam!
Foundation of Majils-e-Aza: When Yazid offered the release and asked for anything he could do, Imam Sajjad (a.s.) asked Sayyidah Zaynab (s.a.) who said that they could not mourn the Martyrs of Karbala. Hence a house was placed at their disposal and Sayyida Zaynab organized the first Majlis-e-Aza for her brother Imam Hussayn (a.s.) and other martyrs of Karbala. She would describe in detail the events of Karbala and the Shahadat of every martyr. After every majlis, men would offer their condolences to Imam Sajjad (a.s.) and women would condole to Sayyidah Zaynab (s.a.). These majalises made quite a stir in the cities, and sounds of crying and beating chests and heads affected the minds of the inhabitants and made them sadder and wiser to the events of Karbala. It was the victory of truth that the tyrant was forced to provide a place where his oppression was allowed to be publicized to the people!
This tradition which lived in the minds and hearts of millions of Muslims, has kept the sacrifices of Imam Husayn (a.s.) alive, and brought dynamism to every movement for freedom in the world that aimed at removing injustice and oppression.
She was martyred by yet another hypocrite in the year 62 A.H. and was buried in Damascus, Syria.
Please refer to my articles:
Sayyida  Zaynab (s.a.) binte Ali (a.s.), Bibi Zaynab (s.a.)’s Journey of Courage and Ziarat-e-Hazrat Zaynab (s.a.)
Sources used:
The Victory of Truth                                                                                          Muna Haeri Bilgrami
A Probe into the History of Ashura                                                                    Dr. Ibrahim Ayati


Sunday, November 22, 2015


It is reported in “Bihar-ul-Anwar”, “Manaqib” and others, that when the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) were brought in the court of Yazid, a pulpit was erected and Yazid ordered an orator to rebuke Imam Husayn (a.s.) and the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.). The orator did as directed and then praised Muawiyah and Yazid attributing numerous good deeds to them. Imam Zain al-Abedin called out to him saying: “O you who preach! Woe be to you! You have bought the Wrath of the Creator in lieu of the creatures, while your place is the hell.”
Then he turned towards Yazid and said, “Do you permit to speak that which would be agreeable to Allah and would be a means of reward for those present?”
Yazid refused to do so, while the people said: “Permit him to ascend the pulpit; perhaps we may hear something (worthwhile) from him.” Yazid replied: “If I permit him to mount the pulpit, he shall not descend it until he humiliates me and the progeny of Abu Sufyan.”
They said: “How could this ailing youth do so?” Yazid replied: “He comes from a family that has consumed wisdom along with the milk from their infancy.” They compelled until he relented, and the Imam (a.s.) ascended the pulpit. He praised Allah and delivered a sermon that made the eyes weep and hearts shiver. Then he said,
“O people! We have been bestowed six qualities and seven merits (by Allah). Knowledge, forbearance, munificence, eloquence, valor and friendship in the hearts of the believers are present in us. While our merits are that the Prophet in Authority is from amongst us; the Truthful (Imam Ali) is from amongst us; the Flyer (J’afar at Tayyar) is from amongst us; the Lion of Allah, and that of His Prophet , is from amongst us; while also the two Sibtain of this nation are from amongst us. Those who know me, know me; while those who do not know me, I reveal my pedigree and ancestry for them until they recognize me. O people! I am the son of Makkah and Mina! I am the son of Zamzam and Safa! I am the son of the one who lifted the Black Stone by the side of his quilt. I am the son of the best one who adorned the trousers and the cloak. I am the son of the best ones who circumambulated (the Ka’bah) and performed the Sa’ee. I am the son of the best ones who performed the Hajj and pronounced the Talbiyah. I am the son of the one who was taken up to the Masjid al-Aqsa at night (during Ascension, Me’raj). I am the son of the one who was taken up to the Sidrat al-Muntaha. I am the son of the one ‘who drew nigh and became pending (in between the creation and the Creator)’ (referring to the night of Ascension when the Prophet drew near to Allah). I am the son of the one ‘who was nigh the measure between the two bows (facing each other) or higher still’ (again referring to Me’raj). I am the son of the one ‘who was bestowed revelation by the Almighty, what He did reveal ‘(again referring to the night of Me’raj) (Surah al-Najm Ayah 8-10). I am the son of Husayn (a.s.), the one killed at Karbala! I am the son of Ali, the Approved one (a.s.)! I am the son of Muhammad, the Chosen one (s.a.w.a.s.)! I am the son of Fatimah az-Zahra (s.a.)! I am the son of Sidrat al-Muntaha! I am the son of ‘the Blessed Tree’! I am the son of the one who was smeared in blood and sand. I am the son of the one who was lamented upon by the genie in the darkness of the night. I am the son of the one who was mourned upon by the birds.”

                Source used: Nafasul Mahmum by Shaikh Abbas Qummi

Saturday, November 21, 2015


Hazrat Abu Talib (AS) was the son of Hazrat Abdul Muttalib (AS) and the father of Imam Ali (a.s.). At the death bed, Hazrat Abdul Muttalib told Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s) that Muhammad will be a prophet so support him with your hand and tongue. Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s) was the most respected and influential leader of Makkah. He was called Shaikh al-Batha.
As part of the Bani Omayyad’s strategy, whoever was attached to Imam Ali (AS), every effort was made to demolish their character. Hence, Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s) was on the top of the list. It was emphasized by the polluted scholars that, God forbid he was not a Muslim as he did not say the kalmia of Islam. His I’emaan was like that of the “momin of Surat al-Yaseen” and the “Companions of Kahaf”
Considering the environment in Makka, it was in the best interest of Islam and the Messenger Muhammad (s.a.w.a.s.) that he should not openly accept Islam.
Allah (s.w.t.) says in Surat Az-Zuha Ayah 6 “Did He not find you an orphan and gave you refuge?” When Allah (s.w.t.) owns Hazrat Abu Talib (AS)’ acts as His own, can Allah (s.w.t.) claim a kafir’s acts as His own?
The year of the Messenger’s birth witnessed a strange event. Abraha attacked Makka and his forces captured the animals belonging to Hazrat Abdul Muttalib (a.s.), he approached Abraha and asked for his animals. Abraha said that he thought that Hazrat Abdul Muttalib (a.s.) would request him not to attack Khana-e-Kaabaa. Hazrat Abdul Muttalib (a.s.) replied that he wanted his property back, as far Khana-e-Kaabaa; his Owner will take care of it. So Allah sent those birds (ababil) who crushed the entire army with small soil-stones in their peaks.
Makkah was hit by famine twice; once when Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) was about 2 years old and another time when he (s.a.w.a.s.) had openly invited people towards Islam. The Polytheists of Quraish prayed to their idols to send rain. When there was no rain, they approached Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) and he responded by taking the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) and prayed: “O Allah, please bless us with rain for the sake of this child”. No sooner his prayer was finished, it started to rain heavily. The second time was when the city was struck with famine and Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) was already dead. On requests from the people, the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) prayed for the rain which started right away and continued for seven days. The people once again approached the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) to request for stoppage of rain. He (s.a.w.a.s.) prayed and rain stopped. He (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “Alas! If my uncle (Abu Talib) would have been alive; his eyes would be cool by happiness”. Further, he enquired if any one could recite the poetry of Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.).
Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) was a businessman and used to travel to Shaam (Syria). On one such occasion, he took the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), who was about nine years old. On the way, a Christian priest met them and after hearing the name of the Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) and closely watching his face, the priest warned Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) about the danger to his life. Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) cancelled the trip and returned.
On the birth of Imam Ali (a.s.), Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) and Hazrat Fatima binte Asad (s.a.) proceeded to Mount Qubais and invoked Allah’s will about the naming of the new born. A green tablet was sent to him on whom it was written “I have conferred a special honor for you both by giving you a pure, dignified son. He has been given the name “Ali” from Allah’s side. It is derived from Ali (The Exalted). The tablet was hung in Masjidul Haram for a long time.
Hazrat Abu Talib (AS) arranged the first open meeting at his house for the Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) to invite his relatives towards Islam. This is known as “Davat-e-Zul-Asheera”. Abu Lahab tried to interrupt the Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) where upon Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) scolded him and told his nephew: “Get up and say what ever you like. Spread your Lord’s Mission, for you are The Truthful, the Trusted one”. After the meeting, every one, except Imam Ali (AS), laughed about it while Hazrat Abu Talib (AS) said that he accepted the call and promised to support him.

Later, polytheists approached Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) to ask him to restrain the Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) from attacking their idols but he refused to interfere. When they were convinced that Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) will not stop his nephew from speaking the truth, they unanimously agreed to socially boycott the entire Hashemite clan. Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) took the whole tribe to a valley called “Sheb-e-Abu Talib”. This boycott lasted for about three years. In order to protect the Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.), Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) would place his sons on the Messenger’s bed so that in case of an attack at night, his own sons may be killed but the Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) would be safe.
According to a tradition of a Sunni scholar, Amar Ibne Saeed, the Muslims were traveling in the valley of Zil Majaz, when Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) felt very thirsty but no water was available. He requested the Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) for water, he was very upset. When water could not be found, the Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) hit the ground and a spring of cold sweat water erupted and he quenched his uncle’s thirst!
Before his death, the Quraish once again asked him to restrain his nephew not to insult their idols. Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) replied “If you hear Muhammad’s words and obey his orders you will be happy. So obey him and get happiness here and in the hereafter”.
The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.)’s nikah was solemnized by Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.). When the First Couple, Hazrat Adam was getting married to Hazrat Hawwa, Hazrat Adam inquired from Allah(S) as to what should be the “Meher”, Allah(S) replied that recite Salawaat over the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.).
How a kafir can recite the nikah of the last Messenger of Allah, when the Lady of Paradise Sayyida Fatima Zahra (s.a.) and the “Youths of Paradise” Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain and other infallible imams were to be born out of this wedlock?
After Hazrat Abu Talib (AS)’s death, the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) came near his dead body and said “Uncle, May Allah (s.w.t.) have mercy on you. You educated me when I was small, looked after me when I became an orphan and supported me when I became a grown-up”
Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) was a poet also and he had written hundreds of couplets in praise of the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) which are collected under “Diwaan-e-Abu Talib”. In one of such couplets, he says “O Quraish, do you not know that we have found Muhammad (s.a.w.a.s.) to be a Prophet just as Musa was and his name has been recorded in the Divine Books”

In the light of the above statements, an impartial and educated person will conform that Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) was a perfect believer (Momin). In the Holy Qur’an, there is a Surah called Surat al-Munafeqoon. A hypocrite (munafiq) is a person who simply recites the kalmia but there is no Islam in his heart.

Sunday, November 15, 2015


In an earlier article, the back ground of the battle of Harrah was discussed. An effort is being made to discuss the position of the Infallible Imam Ali ibn al-Husayn, Zain al-Abideen (a.s.) regarding this uprising by the people of Madinah.
A historical glance at the instance of Imam Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) pertaining to the Uprising of the people of Madinah reveals that the Imam (a.s.) did not have an active and encouraging presence in Madinah as he had left Madinah for sea- port of Yanbu in order not to witness the imminent tragedy in the city. The absence of any statement by the Imam (a.s.) either supporting or discouraging the uprising depicts an instance of non-interference.
The apparent reasons for such non-interference by the Imam (a.s.) in the Uprising were:
Firstly, he had identified various goals and motives among the people of Madinah all of which were not religious.
Secondly, the Imam (a.s.) did not see the condition as appropriate for confronting the Umayyad government and considered the revolt of the people of Madinah as paving the way for massive bloodshed and transgression upon the chastity of the Muslim women.
Thirdly, if he prevented people from uprising honestly and out rightly, people would take Imam (a.s.)’s words as a result of his disappointment with Yazid. He (a.s.) practically showed the people of Madinah, and those who were obedient to him that they should not get involved in this course of action.
Fourthly, the method of fighting adopted by the people of Madinah against the Shamy army was inefficient; for, although in the battle of Ahza’b, Muslims utilized a similar method and triumphed in the early stage, the circumstances had changed over time. In the tragedy of Harrah, the people of Madinah neither enjoyed the empathy and coordination of the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.)’s time, nor had a leader like him (s.a.w.a.s.).
Moreover, the presence of women and children in Madinah had a very important impact leading to their defeat, as the combatants had to abandon the battle front to go back to save their houses.
Imam Zain al-Abideen (a.s.) had practically warned against this critical event and demonstrated to the people of Madinah by having his family and relatives taken away from Madinah and transferred them to Yanbu.
The interference or otherwise of Imam Zayn al-Abideen in the uprising has religious perspective too, which is significant to the Shias and the believers in the spiritual status of the Imams and the infallibility of Ahlul Bayt (a.s.). In this the Imam is not a single decision maker who takes action according to his personal information and experiences.  He is committed to an obligation that Allah has explicitly appointed him for and other people had to obey him, take his words and actions as criteria for their beliefs and behavior, and do not seek precedence over him in thought and practice.
From this perspective Imam Zain al-Abideen (a.s.) had acted according to a superhuman obligation, and those people of Madinah, who due to their lack of belief in Wilayat and Imamate or any other reasons, stepped into this uprising, suffered great loss.

Source used:

Battle of Harrah                                                                                by Allama Muhammad Ali Chenarani

Wednesday, November 11, 2015


In the year 63 A.H. Yazid bin Muawiyah ordered his army to mercilessly slaughter the people of Madinah because they rejected Yazid’s oppressive rule. Yazid personally ordered this carnage and gave those 3 days to kill every man in Madinah and also gave a free hand to loot the belongings and permitted to do whatever they wished to do. Consequently, it resulted in wholesale violation of female folks and thousands of children were born whose fathers were not known and these children later became known as “The Children of Harrah” (al-Imama wal Siysah, Tarikh al-Khulafa, Al-Futuh, Wafayat al-Ayan)
Causes of the revolution: The uprising was the people’s unanimous rejection of Yazid’s authoritative rule and Bani Umiyyah’s overall tyrannical mode of governance.
Madinah was the City of the Messenger of Allah and the people loved it because of the growth and development of Islam in that city. It was the city whose people were the first to voice their objections to Usman bin Iffan, the third caliph. Yazid failed to uphold the tenets of religion. The governor of Madinah had sent a group of men consisting of Immigrants (Muhajir) and Helpers (Ansar) to meet with Yazid. Yazid tried to win them over by gifts and proved his incompetence. On return from Damascus, they gathered other Muslims and shouted saying: “We have come from meeting a person who is depraved of religion, drinks wine, spends night with slave girls and has abandoned prayers.” Suyuti writes: “The reason for the uprising of the people of Madinah was that Yazid had exceeded all bounds and every limit in committing sins.” (Tarikh al-Khuafa)
Ibn Khaldun writes: “When Yazid’s tyranny and oppressions by his deputies became widespread, and after he killed Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.)’s son, the people of Madinah started a rebellion and uprising.” When Bashir brought the news of the martyrdom of Imam Husayn (a.s.), men, women and children, came out of their houses barefooted shouting “O Muhammad, O Husayn”. It was similar to the day when the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) had passed away. Imam Zain al-Abideen (a.s.) gave a strong sermon which affected the people of Madinah. Sayyida Zaynab (s.a.) and other women, who had lost their loved ones in Karbala, gave public speeches detailing the events at Karbala and their captivity. These speeches had an impact on the people.
Another contributing factor was the immoral behavior and corruption that characterized political decisions. Abdullah ibn Zubayr wrote to Yazid about the harsh and brutal governor of Madinah, Walid ibn Aqaba. Later, Yazid replaced him with Usman bin Muhammad bin Abu Sufiyan, who was also an arrogant inexperienced youth.
All the above-mentioned factors laid the ground work for an explosion which was provided; Ibn Mina, the tax collector of Yazid intended to take all the wealth collected for Yazid. A group of protestors blocked his way and confiscated the wealth. When Yazid heard about the incident, he became very angry and said: “I will send an army and crush them under the feet of horses.”
The people of Madinah elected Abdullah ibn Hanzala as the new governor, expelled Yazid’s agent, imprisoned all members of Bani Umayyad but did not harm them in any way.
Yazid sent Muslim bin Aqabah with the clear instructions: “Invite the people of Madinah to pay allegiance to me 3 times. If they do not respond positively, then fight them and if you triumph over them continue the massacre for 3 days. After 3 days, again ask for allegiance from the people. They should promise to be Yazid’s slaves and servants. When you leave Madinah go to Makkah for another attack and confrontation.”
In Madinah, Abdullah ibn Hanzalah addressed the people: “We have rebelled for no other reason save that Yazid is a fornicating and adulterous man. He is a drunkard who does not pray. Tolerating his reign will bring Allah’s punishment.” Marwan helped the invading army by showing a secret entrance into the city. After a few hours fight, the Yazidi army prevailed and did exactly what Yazid told them to do. Eighty companions of the Messenger were killed. The Muslims who sought refuge in the Prophet’s Mosque were also mercilessly killed in the Mosque and the blood reached the Prophet’s sacred grave! For 3 days, the invading Shami forces tied their horses with the pillars of the Mosque and further destroyed the sanctity of the Prophet’s Mosque. Can any Muslim think of committing such acts?
As per Sahih Muslim: “Anyone who terrorizes and intimidates the people of Madinah will be terrorized by Allah and may the curse of Allah, the angels and all the people be upon him.” (Tarikh al-Khulafa)

The Uprising of Ashura and Responses to Doubts By Allama Ali Asghar Ridwani

The Battle of Harrah By Muhammad Ali Chenarani

Monday, November 9, 2015


Sayyida  Sakina was born on 20 Rajab 56 A.H. in Madinah. She was the most beloved daughter of The King of Martyrs, Imam Husayn (a.s.) and she in turn loved her father and would sleep on his chest. Imam Husayn (a.s.) used to say: “A house without Sayyida Sakina would not be worth living in!” She loved all her brothers and sisters specially her younger brother Ali al-Asghar who was about six months old in Karbala.Moreover, she had a special relationship with her uncle, al-Abbas ibn Ali (a.s.) and he also loved her niece more than his own children.
She was very religious, enjoyed reading the Glorious Qur’an, would pray salaat (namaaz) regularly and was always dressed-up in Islamic attire including head-cover. She was 5 years old in Karbala.
In Karbala, after 7 Muharram, Yazid (l.a.)’s army did not allow the water into Imam Husayn (a.s.)’s camp. Sayyida Sakina would share whatever water was left with other children. As the days passed, the desert heat made the children unbearable without water. On the Day of Ashurah, when all the companions and the family members of Hashmi youths had attained martyrdom, Hazrat al-Abbas ibn Ali (a.s.), the Commander of the Imam (a.s.)’s band of warriors, sought permission for Jihad. Imam Husayn (a.s.) refused to grant permission saying that he was the Commander of Imam (a.s.)’s army to which Hazrat al-Abbas (a.s.) replied that there was no army left at that time. In the meantime Sayyidah Sakina, along with some 42 children, brought a dry water-bag (mashk) and Imam Husayn (a.s.) reluctantly permitted Hazrat al-Abbas (a.s.) to get some water. Hazrat al-Abbas (a.s.) courageously fought his way and landed his horse in the River Euphrates. Neither he nor his faithful horse drank a drop of water. He filled the water-bag with water and was galloping towards the camp when the treacherous enemy cut-off both of his hands but still he held tight to the water-bag in his teeth but the arrows of the enemy pierced the water-bag and the water flowed away. Hazrat Abbas (a.s.) attained martyrdom. After that time, she never asked for water anymore!
After the martyrdom of Imam Husayn (a.s.), the accursed Shimr slapped Sayyida Sakina, forcibly snatched her ear-rings tearing her ear lobes. The barbaric enemy looted the sacred household of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), and set the camps on fire. The sacred ladies were deprived of their head covers, the children ran out of the burning camps. Sayyidah Sakina’s clothes also caught fire, and when one of the reporters tried to extinguish flames, she warned the man not to touch her as she was the member of the sacred Ahlul Bayt (a.s.).She was running in the battlefield crying: “Father! O Father, where are you?” As the butchers of Karbala, had already severed the pious heads of the martyrs, the bodies in battle field were unrecognizable.
As night fell, the “Sham-e-Ghareeban” became sorrowful and painful. The Sani-e-Zahra, Sayyida Zaynab (s.a.) took the charge of the caravan and along with her sister, Umme Kulsoom (s.a.), they started counting the children and could not find Sayyidah Sakina. They went in the battle-field and searched her and at last found her sleeping on the chest of Imam Hussayn (a.s.). She woke her up and inquired as to how she recognized her father? Sayyidah Sakina replied: “I was running around in the battle-field and calling my father, when a voice came from this trampled body calling me towards him” During the “Sham-e-Ghareeban”, the widow of Yazid (l.a.)’s deflected commander, Hazrat Hurr, brought some water and food into AhlulBayt’s camp, Sayyida Zaynab (s.a.) gave some water to Sayyida Sakina. She took the water towards the battle field for her martyred baby brother, Hazrat Ali al-Asghar, being the youngest in the family!
The children at Karbala were in no way connected to the “allegiance” to Yazid (l.a.).
 In any humane and civilized society, the survivors are pacified and offered kind words of consolations. In the tragedy of Karbala, the so called humans did not stay at the level of humanity what to call of Muslims! It was the height of barbarism and butchery un-parallel in human history.
On the 11 Muharram, the daughters of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) were made captive, their hands were tight behind and made to sit on the camels without seats and routed through the battlefield, where the bodies of the martyrs were scattered all over the place. Imagine the sorrow and grief of the women who saw their loved-ones un-buried (against the dictates of Islamic customs). The caravan proceeded towards Kufa. In Kufa, the markets were decorated in celebration of the massacre at Karbala and the procession of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s)’s captive family! Sayyida Zaynab (s.a.) was going through the bazars without head-cover while her mother, Lady of Paradise, Sayyida Fatimah Zahra (s.a.)’s funeral was taken out at night and not witnessed by any one! On the way from Kufa to Damascus, Sayyida  Sakina fell from the camel. Imam Husayn (a.s.)’s head will not move forward, on inquiry it was found that Sayyida Sakina had fallen from the camel and the family walked back to see that she was sitting in the lap of a sacred lady in black attire concealing her identity. When Sayyida Zaynab (s.a.) tried to thank her, she disclosed her identity; she was the Lady of Paradise, Sayyida Fatima Zahra (s.a.) who was all along with the Holy Caravan from Madinah.
The oppressive armed men, in order to cause pain and misery, hurriedly completed the journey in two days, which normally takes sixteen days! The sacred members of Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) were imprisoned in a prison without roof when the scorching sun light fell on them while they were exposed to the chill at night!
While in the court of Yazid (l.a.), he was desecrating Imam Husayn (a.s.)’s head by hitting his lips and teeth with a cane. At one time, he wanted to test Sayyida Sakina’s love for her father. He (l.a.) challenged Sayyida Sakina to call her father’s head to come to her lap. She responded and raised her little hands and called her father to come to her. Imam Husayn (a.s.)’s head rose from the big plate and flew in to the waiting arms of Sayyida Sakina.
Sayyida Sakina used to sit at the gate of the prison and witness that birds were returning to their nests in the evening. She would ask her aunt Sayyida Zaynab (s.a.) where those birds were going, she would reply that they were going to their homes. Sayyida Sakina would ask her aunt as to when they were going back to Madinah? Unfortunately, it was not destined that she will ever return to Madinah!
One night, she wake up from her sleep and cried continuously. The Holy Ladies tried their best to pacify and console her. She said: “O dear aunt, where is my father? A few minutes ago I was with my father and he kissed me and said that “my dear Sakina you will soon be with me” But where is my father now?” When Sayyida Sakina told her dream, all the sacred ladies started to cry and when this noise reached Yazid (l.a.)’s quarters, he sent the severed head of Imam Husayn (a.s.) to the prison. As soon as she received her father’s head, she held it tight to herself and cried even more and said to her father: “Who cutoff my father’s head? Who martyred my father? Why we are kept as captives?” With these words of sorrow, she suddenly became quiet. Everyone thought that she might have slept again, but alas! Sayyida Sakina had gone into eternal sleep. Imam Sajjad (a.s.) dug a grave in the prison and buried her little sister in her torn clothes which were intermingled with her flesh after the burning of the camps on Ashura!
May Allah curse the oppressors of Ahlul Bayt