Wednesday, December 17, 2014


According to the experts and the traditions of AhlulBayt (a.s.), a child comprehends the meaning of other’s words from the time he/she is four months old in his mother’s womb. Therefore, it is recommended that mothers should recite the Glorious Qur’an during pregnancy and after birth, let the child hear the Glorious Qur’an. It is reinforced by the recitation of Azan and Iqama in the child’s ears.
General Behavior:
As soon as a child begins to utter words, coach him/her  the basic Shia faith like the Oneness of Allah, names of Panjetan, names of twelve Imams and the names of the Infallible Fourteen Masoomeen; progressively, first numbers followed by the names. Roots and Branches of Islam, first names then English or Urdu meanings should be learnt by heart.
Slowly, teach him the etiquette and good manners.
Do not order or forbid your child too much.
Do not hit your child when he cries.
Do not ridicule actions of your child. Kiss and hug your child a great deal.
Say Salaam to your child to build his/her character and personality.
Respect your child and always keep your promises to him.
As a prelude to the future sexual training, train them to ask for permission to enter parent’s bed room.
While giving bath to a child, make sure other children are not present, do not play with the genitals, chests or thighs, and never leave children alone for a long period of time. Do not let a girl of six years or over, sit on the lap of a “Na-Mahram” or even kissed by a “Na-Mahram”. Do not let girls be naked in front of others.
Create love for Salaat in your child. In Surah al-Ankaboot Ayah 45 which says: “Indeed the prayer prevents indecencies and wrongs.”
Do not spoil a child which will create weakness and a lack of determination and will power.
Pray for your children, both during pregnancy and afterwards.
Reminders and requests should be given with gentleness so as not to create a barrier between parents and the child.
Respect your child so as to avoid rebellion against the rules of the house.
Become a role model for your child.
Foster the faith of your child.
Cuddle and kiss your child, it is one of our soul food.
Separate the beds of children over 6 years old.
When guiding the child, do not mention or compare the names of other children constantly.
Stay away from the bossy behavior towards your child.
It is very important to inculcate the habit of telling the truth in the child. Parents should lead by example.
Do not use fear as a factor of raising a child as this damage his/her personality.
Stories are a useful and important tool of encouraging virtues as the Glorious Qur’an contains numerous stories. But in selecting stories attention be focused on child’s age, intelligence, name of Allah should be mentioned, avoid extremes, truth and righteousness should prevail and it should be short.
Make sure your child performs Salaat (Namaz) from 7 years and fasting from 9 years of age.
Do not be quick to accuse your child of lying.
Encourage your child to ask questions to satisfy his inquisitiveness.
Avoid quarreling in front of your child which will affect him adversely.
Children have a particular fear of the word death, especially the death of their mother or father. Hence, at a suitable age explain the truth about death, clearly and calmly without eliciting fear.

Sources used:

Better Future                                                                                                   by: Abdul Azeem Mutadi
Pious son                                                                                                         by: Rayhaneye Beheshti

Thursday, December 4, 2014


Mir Babbar Ali Anees (r.a.) was the most prestigious Urdu poet who took the art of ‘Marsiya goi’ to the peak.
The word “Marsiya” is derived from the Arabic word “Risa” meaning a great tragedy or lamentation for a departed soul. But after the Great Sacrifice, the tragedy of Karbala, Marsia used exclusively to describe the events at Karbala. It is poetry full of pathos, love, emotions, bravery, patriotism and ultimate sacrifice. It was this incredible talent, enormous vocabulary of Urdu, Arabic and Persian and commendable mastery of Mir Anees. He added beauty through perfectly balanced verses, simplicity, emotional painting, psychological treatment depicting moral and human values, universally acknowledged and acclaimed. His treatment of different relations in the tragedy of Karbala as evidenced in South East Asia is commendable.
 Mir Anees had compiled 92 Marsias, 70 Salaams, and numerous Rubaais, Nauhas, Munajaat, and Mukhammas.
Appended below are a few stanzas of his famous Marsiya “Jab Qata Ki Musafat e Shab Aftab Ne” which was translated by Dr. David Matthews, professor of Oriental and African Studies at University of London. This Marsiya is a long one describing the shahadat of some of the Bani Hashim. At the end, he described the brave and fearless jihad of Imam Husayn. The Marsiya consists of 194 couplets of six verses each.
Jab qata’ ki musafat e shab aftab ne                            The sun had run its journey over the night
Jalwa kia sahar ke rukhe be hijab ne                     Unveiled, the dawn revealed her glorious face.
Dekha sooe falak shahe gadroon rikab ne              The King who rides the heavens saw her light
Mud kar sada rafiqoon ko de us janab ne           And called his brave companions to their place.
A’akhir hai raat hamd o sana e khuda karo            The time has come at last; to God give praise
Uttho fariza e sahri ko ada karo                                   Arise! In fitting prayer your voices raised.
Haan Ghazio ye din hai jidal o qital ka     Brave hearts! For strife and slaughter dawns this day
Yan khoon bahega aaj Muhammad ki aal ka        Here the blood of Muhammad’s race will flow
Chehra khushi se surq hai Zahra ke lal ka                     Zahra’s darling, honored, seeks the fray;
Guzri shab e firaq din a’ya wisal ka                       The night of parting fades ‘neath union glows.
Ham wo hain gham karenge malik jin ke waste             We are those for whom the angels weep;
Raaten tarap ke kati hai is din ke waste                          To libve this day we sacrificed our sleep.
Ye subha hai wo subha mubarek hai jis ki sham    This morning brings an evening ever blessed;
Yaan se huwa jo kooch to hai khuld me muqam                We who depart for Paradise will slake
Kausar pa aabru se pahoch jain tishnakam    Our thirst by Kausar’s spring, and there find rest
Likkhe Khuda namazguzaraun me sab ke naam       May God exalt our names for honor’s sake
Sab hain waheed e asr ye ghul char soo uthe        Unequalled, each one of them to joy gave birth
Duiya se jo shaheed uthe sur khuroo uthe                     Let martyrs rise in glory from this earth.
Jungal se aie Fatima Zahra ki ye sada                           Far from waste came Fatima’s pure voice
Ummat ne mujh ko loot lia wa Muhammada                      Se Muhammad! Our family despoiled
Is waqt kaun haqqe muhabbat kare ada                Now who will save our friendship and rejoice?
Hai hai ye zulm aur do alam ka muqtada                        Against what tyranny our Leader toiled
Unnis sau hain zakhm tane chak chak par    Full nineteen hundred wounds were on him thrust
Zainab nikal Husayn tarpta hai khak par              Ah Zaynab! Come Husayn writhes in the dust

It should be stressed that any translation cannot convey the entire message of the writer.  Hence, in order to thoroughly appreciate the Marsiyas or Ruba’I, one must learn the Urdu language.
Sources used:
The Battle of Karbala                                                                                        by: Dr. David Matthews

Sunday, November 30, 2014


The Glorious Qur’an is the last script of the Divine Revelation from Allah which is still unpolluted unlike other Heavenly Scriptures. It was revealed on the heart of the Last and the Chief of all Messengers, the Infallible Prophet Muhammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a.s.).
The Glorious Qur’an was revealed to guide the humanity. Hence, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) near the apparent demise from this world: “I am leaving behind two important and priceless guides; the Book of Allah and my Progeny, if you are attached to them you will never go astray.” Hence we have to know as much as possible about them if we want guidance for this world and Hereafter.
The Glorious Qur’an was revealed over a period of 23 years; from 610 A.D. to 632 A.D.
There are 114 Surahs out of which 86 were revealed in Makkah and 28 in Mdinah.
The longest Surah is the Surah al-Baqarah with 286 Ayahs.
The Shortest Surah is the Surah al-Kausar with 3 Ayahs.
Surahs named after the Prophets are 7 while Prophets named in the Glorious Qur’an are 28 with 18 Prophets names are mentioned in Surah al-Ana’am.
Allah is used 2,698 times, Rahman is used 57 times, and Rahim is used 114 times in the Glorious Qur’an. These numbers are other than “Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim.
In each Ayah of Surah al-Mujadelah, the name of Allah has been used.
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim has been used before every Surah except Surah al-Taubah, but it was used twice in Surah al-Namal; one at the beginning and other in Ayah 30.
Name of 16 places, cities or countries are mentioned in the Glorious Qur’an.
Name of 15 eatables and drinks are mentioned in the Glorious Qur’an.
Surah al-Fatihah is the most recited Surah by the Billions of Muslims each day.
Mary or Maryiam is the only woman named in the Glorious Qur’an.
Zayd bin Harisa is the only companion of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) named in the Glorious Qur’an.
The Ayah; “Today, I have perfected your religion, completed My favors to you, and have chosen Islam as your religion.” Surah al-Ma’idah Ayah 3, was the last Ayah of the Glorious Qur’an and the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) lived only 80 days after this revelation. This Ayah was revealed at Ghadeer-e-Khum at the Coronation of Imam Ali as his vicegerent as ordered by Allah.
Laws relating to the women and marriage etc. are discussed in Surah al-Nisa.
It is the mathematical miracle of the Glorious Qur’an, that certain words are used equal number of times showing the equality of purpose; for example
                Man is used 24 times and woman is also used 24 times
                Life is used 145 times and death is also 145 times
                Zakat is used 32 times and Barakah is also used 32 times
                Hardship is used 114 times and patience is used 114 times

Sources used:
Facts about Qur’an:
Myonline Qur’


Saturday, November 29, 2014


Hazrat Imam Husayn (a.s.) was the son of the “The Orator of The Pulpit”, “The Gateway of Knowledge”, The Conqueror of Khyber, the Infallible Imam Ali (a.s.). He was one of the “Panjetan” whose purity was confirmed by the Ayah of Tatheer” and their Truthfulness was testified by the Ayah of Mubahela in the Glorious Qur’an.
The Almighty Allah had bestowed Imam Husayn (a.s.) with eloquence and spontaneity of speech resulting in a flood of maxims, advices and exhortations. Some of his shorter sayings are reproduced below:
                O Allah what did he find who lost you, and what did he loose who found you.
                Wisdom never attains perfection except by following the truth (obeying the commandments                 of Allah)
                Beware of oppressing the one who has none to repel your attack, except Allah.
                Beware of that for which you have to regret later. Because the believer neither commits nor                 seeks forgiveness and the hypocrite commits a mistake every day and seeks forgiveness.
                O Allah, do not test me by bounties and do not punish me with difficulties.
                If one does not have these five things there is no good in him: Intellect, religion, etiquette,                   shame and good manners.
                One who loves you prevents you from all evils, while your enemy persuades you to commit                 wrong and evil.
                The miser is the one who is miserly in greetings (Salaam).
                If a person hopes for something in Allah’s disobedience, it won’t last for long and what he                   fears will soon come to him (punishment).
                He told a person who back-bitted in his presence: “O man, do not resort to back-biting as it                 is the diet of the dogs of Hell.”
                A person began to speak to the Imam (a.s.) and said: “If one does good to an undeserving                     person it is wasted.”The Imam (a.s.) said: “It is not so. Because goodness is like rain that                     reaches both the good and the bad people.”
                Death with honor is better than a life of degradation.
                Weeping for the fear of Allah is the salvation from the fire (of Hell).
                One who accepts your goodness has helped you in goodness.
                On the Day of Judgment a caller will announce: “O People! Anyone who has any arrears                     upon Allah may rise up. Then except for the righteous ones, no one would arise.”
                A man received Imam Husayn (a.s.) saying: “How are you? Allah may grant you good                         health.” Imam Husayn (a.s.) instructed him:“Salam, greeting should precede wording. Do                   not permit anybody before he says salaam.”
                There are seventy advantages for the greeting (saying salam). Sixty nine are given to the                     one who greets first   and one is given to the one who responds to the greeting.
                Sitting with the intelligent is the sign of successfulness. Disputation with other than the                       disbelievers is sign of ignorance.
                When Allah wills a servant to destruction gradually, He bestows upon him with graces, and                 does not favor him with showing gratitude for these graces.  
                One who annoys Allah to please people, Allah leaves him to the people.
                They asked Imam Husayn (a.s.): “What is poverty?” He replied: “Avarice and despair.”                       They asked: “What is richness?”He replied: “To be happy with what suffices you and to                       have few desires.”
                One who accepts your gift has really helped you in attaining generosity.
                One who removes troubles from a believer, Allah expels troubles from him in this world                     and in the Hereafter.
                Do not seek help from any person, except one who is religious, or generous, or of noble                       descent (parentage).
                Compete for virtuous deeds and hasten to seize opportunities for good deeds by the                               forelock.
                The most forgiving person is the one who forgives in spite of his ability to punish (or                            avenge).
                People are slave of this world and their religion is just like saliva or taste on the tongue.                       They revolve around religion as long as their materialistic needs are well provided; but                         when they face difficulties, tests and trials, very few people prove to be steadfast.
Sources used:

The Council of European Jamaats,, Ma’aref Foundation


Muslim bin Awsajah was a noble and pious companion of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). He fought valiantly defending the left wing of the army of the Infallible Imam Husayn (a.s.) under the command of Zuhayr bin al-Qayeen.
On the night of Ashura, the Infallible Imam Husayn (a.s.) addressed his companions and explained that the so-called Muslims of Yazid’s army were thirsty of his head only and advised them to leave in the darkness of night and that he would lift his allegiance (bai’at) from them. All the companions replied in unison that they would never leave him alone and would sacrifice their lives for him.
Muslim bin Awsajah Asadi said: “Should we desert you? Why should we not make our excuse clear before God tomorrow by doing our duty to you? I swear by God that I shall not leave you till I break my lance in the breasts of the enemies. So long as the sword is in my hand and I possess strength I shall go on striking them. If I do not have any arms I will stone them and I will continue to fight till I lay down my life before your very eyes.”
Muslim proved what he had said. He laid down his life before the Imam.
Miracle on the battle field:
From Yazid’s army, one Abdullah bin Hawzah came forward and said some bad words to Imam Husayn (a.s.). Imam Husayn (a.s.) raised his hands and said: “O Lord! Hasten him towards the fire (of hell)” Hearing this ibn Hawzah was enraged and desired to gallop his horse towards the Imam (a.s.). Suddenly his horse got aroused and threw him down but his left foot got entangled in the stirrup and his right was raised in the air. Then Muslim bin Awsajah attacked and cut his right foot. The horse started running with him with his head hitting against the stones and trees of the desert until he died. Thus his spirit hastened towards the fire (of hell).
On the day of Ashura, the individuals fought as two two, four four at a time. But in all such fights, the brave and righteous soldiers from Imam Husayn (a.s.) side were victorious. At last Yazid’s army commander, Umro bin Hajjaj addressed his men saying: “O foolish men! Do you know whom you have been fighting? You are fighting the valorous people. Do not fight individually, start stoning them.” Then he attacked the right wing of the companions of Imam Husayn (a.s.). Muslim bin Awsajah fought bravely and recited this rajaz (poetry): “If you inquire about me (know that) I am a male lion, (I am) from the chiefs and notables of the branch of Bani Asad, thus the one who oppresses us has deviated from the Right Path and from the religion of the Self-Sufficient , Omnipotent Lord.” At last he fell from his horse and Imam Husayn (a.s.) came to his side and said: “May your Lord have mercy upon you, O Muslim bin Awsajah! Of the believers are the men who are true to what they covenanted with Allah, of them is he who fulfilled his vow, and of them is one who awaits (its fulfillment), and they have changed not in the least.” (Surah Ahzab Ayah 23)
Habib ibn Mazaher came by his side and said: “If I had not known that very shortly I am going to join you I would have asked you to make a will.” Thereupon Muslim replied and those were his last words: “The only will I have to make is that you should sacrifice your life for this Imam.”
Sources used:
Supporters of the two parties                                                                           Ma’aref Foundation of Imam Husayn (a.s.)

Thursday, November 27, 2014


Hani was one of the nobles of Kufa, a strong and proud Shia’h and a renowned reciter of the Glorious Qur’an in that part of the Muslim world. He was the chief of the Murad tribe. He had seen and was honored by being the Companion of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). At the time of his martyrdom, he was over 90 years. (Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, Al-Isaba 3/616)
Yazid appointed Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad the governor of Kufa. The Muslims of Kufa were expecting the Infallible Imam Husayn (a.s.) as they have invited him for guidance. The crafty Ubaidullah entered Kufa at night wearing a black dress completely covering himself. After deceitfully entering Kufa as the Imam, he came out in true colors. He arrested all known Shi’ahs and prohibited anyone from sheltering Hazrat Muslim bin Aqeel (a.s.). At that time Hazrat Muslim (a.s.) was staying with Hazrat Mukhtar hence he left his house and came to the house of Hazrat Hani ibn Urwah. Sharik bin Abdullah was staying with Hani. Sharik was one of the respected and renowned Shi’ah of Imam Ali (a.s.). Sharik fell sick and Ubaidullah was coming to see him. Sharik advised Hazrat Aqeel to kill Ubaidullah when he visits Hani’s house but he did not.
The Shi’ahs kept meeting Hazrat Muslim at Hani’s house. Ubaidullah planned a crafty scheme and gave three thousand dinars to his slave Ma’aqil to go to the Shia’hs and tell them that he had some money to be delivered to the member of AhlulBayt (Hazrat Muslim). Ma’aqil came to the mosque and found Muslim ibn al-Ausajah al-Asadi. His crafty scheme worked out and Ubaidullah came to know where Hazrat Mukhtar was staying, and continued to get information every evening.
One day he called Hani and said; “His feet, the feet of the treacherous one, have brought him to you”
Ubaidullah said to Hani: “You brought Muslim to your house and gathered weapons for him. Did you not?” He confronted Ma’aqil with Hani. Hani realized that Ma’aqil was spying for Ubaidullah. Ubaidullah ordered Hani to bring Hazart Muslim to him but he refused saying that he was his guest and the Arabs respect their guests. Ubaidullah threatened to kill him and hit Hani’s face with his sword so fiercely that his nose was broken and he was put in one of the rooms of the palace. Hani’s father-in-law heard that Hani was dead hence he along with his tribesmen surrounded the palace. Ubaidullah asked Shurayh, the judge, to see the condition of Hani and tell them that he was alive. Shurayh complied with and the people left. Later, Ubaydullah ordered that Hani be beheaded in the market.
While Imam Husayn (a.s.) was on the way to Kufa, at the place of Zarud, the Imam was informed about the martyrdom of Hazart Muslim bin Aqeel (a.s.) and Hazart Hani ibn Urwah ()r.a.). The Imam kept repeating the Ayah: “Inna Lillahe Wa Inna Ilaihe Raje’oon” (We belong to Allah, and to Him shall we return), as he wept, pleading to Allah to have mercy on them.
When Ubaidullah sent the heads of Hazrat Muslim (a.s.) and Hazrat Hani ibn Urwah (r.a.) to Yazid, he sent a thanksgiving letter as follows: “I have received the news that Husain is coming towards Iraq, deploy guards over the roads, gather provisions, and keep alert .Imprison and detain the dubious ones and kill those who fight you.”
During the times of Muawiya,he had appointed all governors from his Umayyad clan and they represented his policies of tyranny, oppression, deceit and ruthlessness.
Sources used:
Nafsul  Mahmoom                                                                               Ma’aref Foundation
The Uprising of Ashura                                                                       Allama Ali Asghar Ridwani
Maqtal al-Husayn                                                                                 Abdal Razzaq Muqarram

Martyrdom of Hani ibn Urwah al-Muradi                                  

Monday, November 17, 2014


Marwan was the great grandson of Umaiyya and a cousin of the third Caliph Usman bin Affan.
One day, the Noble Prophet dreamt that Hakam’s sons were jumping like monkeys on his (Prophet’s) pulpit. This dream aggrieved him so much that he did not laugh for the rest of his life. (Tafsir-e-Tabari, 15/77, Al-Durrul Mansur 4/191) When the Noble Prophet saw Marwan, he said: “The young one of a lizard is also a lizard. The offspring of an accursed is accursed.”
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) saw Marwan’s father Hakam caricaturing him; hence, on the behest of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) Hakam was externed from Madinah. Marwan was 7 or 8 years old at that time. The first two Caliphs did not allow Hakam to return but the third Caliph, Usman bin Affan recalled him to Madinah and appointed Marwan as advisor.
Ummul Momineen Ayesha said to Marwan: “O Marwan! I testify that you are the one whose father was cursed by the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) while you were still in his loins.” She further said: “I have heard the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) saying about your father and grandfather that you (Marwan) are the Accursed Tree” (Tafsir-e-Durrul Mansoor 4/1919)
Marwan and Karbala: After the death of Muawiya, Yazid became the King of Umayyad Dynasty. He asked the governor of Madinah, Walid bin Utbah to obtain allegiance (Bai’at) from the Infallible Imam Husayn (a.s.). When Imam Huasyn (a.s.) came to see the governor, Marwan was also sitting next to him. When Imam Husayn (a.s.) advised the governor that such matters can only be discussed in front of a gathering, Marwan told the governor to either obtain Yazid’s allegiance right away or kill Imam Husayn (a.s.) as if he leaves then Walid will never be able to get him. When Imam Husayn (a.s.) replied in a high tone, the brave band of Hashemite Youths forcibly entered the court with drawn swords and a blood-shed was imminent, but the Imam (a.s.) pacified them.
In the book, Ihtejaj, it is related from Muhammad bin Saeb, that one day Marwan bin Hakam told the Infallible Imam Husayn (a.s.): “If it were not for your esteem and honor through Hazrat Fatima (s.a.), how could you have gained excellence over us.” Imam Husayn (a.s.) was infuriated and caught hold of his neck with an iron fist, then he removed the turban from his head and tied it in Marwans’ neck, and he fell down unconscious, then he left him.
It is reported that the Fadak was given to Marwan bin Hakam by the third caliph, Usman bin Affan. Fadak was gifted by the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) to his beloved daughter Sayyidah Fatima Zahra (s.a.) but was snatched away by the first caliph.
When Marwan was called back by the third caliph, he was dressed in tatters and when he left the court he was dressed in silken clothes with a mantle. The caliph gave three hundred thousand Dirhams to Marwan out of charities of Yemen. (Tariq Ya’qubi 2/41)
It is reported that Muawiya used the services of his governor of Madinah, Marwan bin Hakam to poison Imam Hasan (a.s.) so as to pave the way for appointing his son Yazid as a successor, in contravention of the “Peace Treaty” with Imam Hasan (a.s.). Marwan did not allow the body of Imam Hasan (a.s.) to be buried near the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) and had the unique distinction of raining arrows on the sacred body of Imam Hasan (a.s.)!
After the death of Yazid, his son Muawiya II gave a long sermon accusing his father Yazid for the slaughter at Karbala and suggesting Imam Ali, Zain al-Abedin (a.s.) should be the caliph of Muslims. He voluntarily abdicated from the caliphate and the crafty Marwan bin Hakam propelled through and captured the caliphate. It is the greatest tragedy of history that the family which was externed from Madinah by the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) succeeded in becoming the caliph of the same Noble Prophet of Islam!
Time changed and Marwan was desperate about his family. He came to Imam Zain-al-Abedin and requested for shelter for his family and the generous and forgiving Imam offered shelter and comfort to his family!
It is also reported that Marwan first married the daughter of the third caliph, Usman bin Affan. Afterwards he married the widow of Yazid and mother of Khalid. One day, in the full court, Marwan abused Khalid and Khalid complained to his mother. She obtained the assistance of her maids and during the night smothered Marwan with a pillow and sat upon it until he died of suffocation!
Sources used:  Nafsul Mahmum                                                      Shaykh Abbas Qummi
Understanding the Karbala                                                              Allama Sayyid Saeed Akhtar Rizvi
Every day is
Marwan bin Hakam: The Accursed Tree                               
Imam Hasan & Caliphate                                                                Qurrat-ul-Ain Abedi
Islam, faithpractice and history                                                       Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi