Monday, May 7, 2018

PRAYERS FOR THE FORGIVENESS OF PARENTS


To seek forgiveness for the deceased parents, one should recite two rak’at Namaz. In the first rak’at, recite Surah al-Hamd, recite 10 times, “Rabbighfir le wa le waledaiyya wa lil momineena Youma Yaqumulhisab.” (Grant forgiveness unto me, and my parents, and all the believers, on the Day on which the (last) reckoning will come to pass). After completing the first rak’at by Ruku’ and Sujud, start the second rak’at by reciting Surah al-Hamd then recite 10 times, “Rabbighfir li walewaladaiyya wa leman Dakhala baiti Mo’menan wa lil momineena wal mominaate.” (O my Sustainer! Grant Your forgiveness unto me and unto my parents, and unto everyone who enters my house as a believer and unto all believing men and believing women (of later times). Then complete the second rak’at by ruku’ and Sujud like morning prayer. After completing the two rak’at prayer, while still seated, recite 10 times, “Rabbirhamhuma kama Rabbayani Sagheera” (O my Lord! Have compassion on them, as they brought me up (when I was a child)

Status of Parents in Islam: In the Glorious Qur’an, Allah (s.w.t.) have strongly emphasized the importance and status of parents. In Surah Luqman Ayah14, Allah (s.w.t.) says, “We have enjoined upon man goodness towards his parents: his mother bore him by bearing strain upon strain, and his utter dependence on her lasted two years: (hence, O man) be grateful towards Me and towards your parents, (and remember that) with Me is all journey’s end.”
Similarly, in Ayah 23 and 24 of Surah al-Isra’, Allah says, “And your Lord has commanded that you shall not serve (any) but Him and do good to your parents. If either or both reach old age with you, say not to them (so much as) uf nor chide them, but (always) speak to them reverent speech.” “And make yourself submissively gentle to them with compassion and say:” O my Lord! Have compassion on them, as they brought me up (when I was) a child.”
 Surah Ibrahim Ayah 41 says, “Grant Your forgiveness unto me, and my parents, and all the believers on the Day on which the (last) reckoning will come to pass.”
Surah Noah Ayah 28 says, “O my Sustainer! Grant Your forgiveness unto me and unto my parents, and unto everyone who enters my house as a believer, and unto all believing men and believing women (of later times) and grant You that the doers of evil shall increasingly meet with destruction!”

The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “One who pleases his parents has verily pleased Allah, and one who has angered his parents has verily angered Allah. One who desires a long life and an increase in livelihood should exhibit goodness towards his parents and establish bonds of friendship with his relatives. The look of a child towards his parents out of love for them is an act of worship. There are three sins whose punishment is given in this world; disownment by their parents, oppressing people, ingratitude with respect of kindness. One who has been disowned by his parents is told: “Act as you please, for I shall not forgive you.” Beware of becoming disowned by your parents, for verily the fragrance of Paradise which can be smelt from a thousand years, shall never reach the nostrils of the one who has been disowned by his parents and one who have severed the bonds of kinship (with his relatives).”

The Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (a.s.) said: “Goodness towards parents is the greatest obligatory act.”

The Infallible Imam Ali ar-Reza said: “Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) was asked about the rights of a father on his son, He (s.a.w.a.s.) replied, “He should not call his father by name, he should not walk ahead of him, he should not sit until his father is seated, he should not do such acts because of which people abuse his father.”

Sources: The Glorious Qur’an, Excerpts from the Holy Qur’an An Eternal Guidance to Mankind, Forty Ahadits on Parents compiled by World Federation of KSIMC, Dua.org

Saturday, May 5, 2018

THE AWAITED SAVIOR - THE INFALLIBLE IMAM MAHDI (A.T.F.)


Every major religion is waiting for the “Awaited Savior”. The Muslims are also waiting for the Savior; the Sunni Muslims believe that he will be born, while the Shi’i Muslims believe that he was the son of the Eleventh Infallible Imam Hasan al-Askari (a.s.). His name is Muhammad, his titles are Mahdi, Qa’im, Imam al-Asr.

At the death-bed the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) had said, “I am leaving behind two weighty things; the Glorious Qur’an and my Pure Progeny. If you are attached with both, you will not go astray” As there is a constant struggle between Truth and Falsehood from the commencement of life on this planet, the same phenomena continued after the sad demise of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). The Umayyads and Abbasids continued to imprison, isolate and poison the Pure Progeny of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). After the martyrdom of the Infallible Imam Hasan al-Askari by the Abbasside king, Allah (s.w.t.) saved the 5-year Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.) and placed him in occultation (invisible to the common man). He will reappear when Allah wishes and fill the world with justice as it would be filled with oppressions and injustice.

There are many questions relating to his abnormal disappearance, which may be addressed as follows:
1.      How a 5-year-old boy can become the Imam of the mankind? Muslims gladly accept the Prophet hood of Prophet Isa when he was an infant!
2.      How can Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.) live so long? Prophet Noah had preached for 950 years. Prophet Isa is still alive and must be about 2000 years old! Al-Khizr is still alive, he was before the time of Prophet Musa, hence he must also be 3,000 years old. Hanafi scholar Sibt ibn al-Jawzi in his book “Tazkirat al-Khawas al-Ummah” page 325-328 gives the names of 22 people believed by Muslims to have lived from 300 to 3,000 years. Allah (s.w.t.) is Powerful and He (s.w.t.) intends “Kun Fa Yakoon” and it is done. No one can dare to challenge His Will.
3.      Why Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.) disappeared? When Allah (s.w.t.) ordered Prophet Adam and Shaytan (l.a.) to descend on earth and promised (that out of His love for the mankind), He will send Guidance to humanity. “When My Guidance comes to you, those who follow it will not go astray.” (Ta-Ha 123). Consequently, He sent 124,000 prophets and after the demise of His last Messenger the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), and to continue with the Divine promise of Guidance, He started the Golden Chain of Imamate. The Infallible Imam Ali (a.s.) was the first Imam and the last Imam Muhammad Mahdi (a.t.f.) was designated. But the hostile forces of evil continued to either slay or poison the eleven Divinely appointed Imams. To continue the Guidance of humanity, Allah (s.w.t.) placed Imam Mahdi in Occultation. Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.) is guiding the humanity apparently concealed from physical eyes but functioning as sun is supplying energy from behind the cloud!

After the “Great Occultation “till the re-appearance of Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.), the Muslims were directed by Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq (a.s.) to follow such learned scholars who possessed knowledge of the Commands of the permitted and prohibited deeds in Islam. Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.) said, “…turn to the narrators of our traditions, because they are proof to you, while I am the proof of Allah to them.”

Hence, the Shi’i Muslims unanimously elect the most pious and knowledgeable person as the Grand Ayatullah who leads a very simple life and responsible for the spiritual guidance of Muslims as a whole, protects Islam when attacked, caters to the needs of the poor.

Sources: Life of Imam Mahdi by Allama Baqir Shareef al-Qurashi, The Sun behind the clouds by Allama Baqir Majlisi (r.a.) A shi’ite Encyclopedia – Special Specifications of Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.)   

Friday, April 27, 2018

THE SAVIOR OF THE MISSION OF IMAM HUSAYN (A.S.)


The Master of Martyrs the Infallible Imam Husayn (a.s.) was the savior of Islam and his sister Sayyida Zaynab (s.a.) saved the Mission of her beloved brother Imam Husayn (a.s.)
To fathom the depth of any personality, one must review the social environment of that society. Arabia, before the dawn of Islam, was a society where women had no place or respect. If a girl was born, the father falsely felt humiliated and even bury the new born alive! When the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s) introduced Islam, the women folks were given their rightful place in the society. According to the revealed law of Allah, women are hidden treasures, neither to be displayed nor advertised. The Commander of Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.) asked Sayyida Fatima Zahra (s.a.), “Who is the best among women?” She replied, “Those who do not see men nor are seen by them” This is the reason why there is little known about Sayyida Zaynab (s.a.) and other women in Islam. However, when the social norms are disbalanced, then that is the time when women are compelled to emerge in open arena. After the tragedy of Karbala, when there was no one left that had the courage to stand up to the tyranny and speak the truth. It is through her extraordinary handling of the wretched trials that she had endured that we have caught the glimpses of the untold depths of her courage, forbearance, patience and submission to the will of Allah. She shared with her brother Imam Husayn (a.s.), the task of rescuing the prophetic legacy from being eclipsed by the shadows of kufr (denial of Truth).

After the “Victory of Makkah”, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) pardoned all those Quraysh who had fought all the wars against him (s.a.w.a.s.). Abu Sufyan and Muawiyah were among them. It is the irony of fate that Muawiya cunningly managed to take the leadership of Muslim Ummah. He poisoned the grandson of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.); Imam Hasan (a.s.), tore apart the peace treaty and appointed his son Yazid who openly ridiculed Islam! Yazid asked for Imam Husayn (a.s.)’s allegiance who rejected it and left Madinah and proceeded to Makkah but fearing his covert assassination, he did not wait for Hajj but performed Umrah and proceeded towards Kufa. It is reported that at the time of her marriage, Imam Ali (a.s.) had instructed her husband to let her go with Imam Husayn (a.s.) when such an occasion arose. Hence, she with her two sons, joined Imam Husayn (a.s.) for the decisive confrontation with the kufr.

After the painful events of Karbala, she became the leader of the caravan. Yazid’s governors falsely propagated that a rebel had challenged the Khalifa, hence he and his followers were killed, and the women were made captive. Imagine fourteen hundred years ago when there were no means of mass communication, the news would travel by word of mouth. Sayyida Zaynab (s.a.) delivered sermons with the eloquence like her father Imam Ali (a.s.) introducing themselves in the streets, in the courts of the governors and lastly in front of Yazid (l.a.). If she would not be there, the great sacrifice of Karbala would have disappeared in history. When people came to know who the martyrs and the captives were, there was hue and cry everywhere even in the court of Yazid (l.a.). Signs of revolt appeared in the kingdom and forced Yazid (l.a.) to release the family of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). She demanded the return of all looted belongings, a house where the women could mourn the martyrs of Karbala. This was the victory of Sayyida Zaynab (s.a.) that the first mourning assembly (Majlis) was held near his palace! 
      
Also refer the articles – Sayyida Zaynab bint Ali, Bibi Zaynab’s Journey of Courage, Ziarat Hazrat Zaynab (s.a.)

Sources: Ziaraat.com, WIKIPEDIA, A Probe into the History of Ashura by Dr. Ibrahim Ayati, Victory of Truth by Muna Haeri Bilgrami
                             

Friday, April 6, 2018

ALLAH, THE FASHIONER AND SHAPER (MUSAWWIR)



Allah (s.w.t.) has 1,000 names in the Supplication of “Dua-e-Jaushan-e-Kabeer” or as normally known as “Asma’-ul-Husna” which are 99.  One of His name is al-Musawwir or the Fashioner or Shaper. There is a difference between Khaliq and Musawwir. Khaliq or Creator denotes His creation of creatures with life like human beings or animals or even plants. His creation of lifeless things is sun, moon stars, earth etc. When He wants to create, He intends “Kun” and it comes into existence.
The word “Musawwir” denotes one who arranges forms and colors and makes beautiful objects. The word “Musawwir” has been used in the Glorious Qur’an 6 times as detailed below:
Surah al-Imran Ayah 6, “Huwallazi Yusawwrekum Fil Arhaame Kaifa Yashau La Ilaha Illah Howal Azizul Hakeem.” “It is Allah who shapes you in the wombs as He wills. He is the only Lord, the Majestic, and All-wise.”                                                                                                                                                                      
Surah al-A’raf Ayah 11,” “Wa Laqad Khalaqna’kum Summa Sawwarnakum Summa Qulna LilMala’ekatesjudu LeAdama Fasajadu Illa Iblees Lam Yakun Minassajedeen.” “We created and shaped you, then told the angels to prostrate themselves before Adam. All the angels obeyed except Satan, who did not.”

Surah al-Gha’fir Ayah 64, “Allahul Lazi Ja’alakumul Arza Qararan was Sama’a Bana’an wa Sawwarakum faAhsana Suwarakum wa Razaqakum minat Tayyaba’ate Za’lekumullahu Rabbakum faTabarakallahu Rabbul A’alameen.” “It is Allah who has created earth as a place for you to live and the sky as a dome above you. He has shaped you in the best form and has provided you with pure sustenance. This is Allah, your Lord. Blessed is Allah, the Lord of the Universe."

Surah al-Hashr Ayah 24, “Huwallahul Khalequl Ba’reul Musawwiru Lahul Asmaul Husna Yusabbehu lahu Ma Fissamaw’ate walarze wa Huwal Azizul Hakeem.” “He is Allah, the Creator, the Designer, the Modeler, and to Him belong all beautiful names. Al that is in the heavens and the earth glorify Him. He is All-majestic and All-wise.”

Surah al-Taghabun Ayah 3, “Khalaqassamawate walarze bilhaqqe wa Sawwarakum faAhsana Suwarakum wailaihilmasir” “He has created the heavens and the earth for a genuine purpose and has formed you in the best shape. To Him all things return.”

Surah al-Ifitar Ayah 6-8, “Ya’ayyuhannasu Ma Gharraka beRabbekal Karim Allazi khalqaka fasSawwaka faadalaka Fiayyie suratim Masha’a Rakkabaka.” “Human being, what evil has deceived you about your Gracious Lord? Who created you proportionately and fashioned you in whatever composition He wanted.”

The creation of human being in the wombs of their mothers needs special treatment here. His name “al-Khaliqu” may be denoted to the creation of man as a rule, but His name “Musawwiru” is demonstrated in varied types of men and women having distinct colors of their skin, different shapes of their faces, colors of their eyes etc. Every human being has a unique DNA, no two persons have same faces, no two persons have similar shapes of markings on their fingers. For a modern artist, he needs pencils, brushes, colors, paper and day light. But Allah makes mankind in the wombs of their mothers without any of these things and within three curtains in dark as stated in Surah al-Zumar Ayah 6, “……He creates you in successive creations in the wombs of your mothers behind three curtains of darkness.” These dark curtains are called; anterior abdominal wall, uterine wall, amniochorion membrane.

Source: The Glorious Qur’an and Medical Journal


Thursday, March 29, 2018

BIRTH OF IMAM ALI (A.S.) INSIDE THE SACRED KA'BA


Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.) was born in the year 600 A.D. on 13 Rajab 30th Year of Elephant in Makkah. His father was the Protector of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) and his mother was Sayyida Fatima Bint Asad (s.a.). Her grandfather was Hazrat Hashim (a.s.). She was a monotheist like all the ancestors of all the Prophets of Allah.
She went to the Sacred Ka’ba and while she was circumambulating, she felt the pains of delivery. She prayed to Allah: “O Allah! I believe in You, and in the Messengers and the Scripts You have sent. I believe in what my grandfather Ibrahim, who built the Ancient House (Ka’ba), believed in. So, for the sake of the Builder of this House, and for the sake of the child in my womb, who talks to me and who is my helper and friend, I implore You to make my labor easy. The child I am carrying is a sign of Your Greatness and Power.” (Al-Arbili, Kashf Al-Ghummah, volume 1 chapter on Imam Ali)
Hazrat Fatima bint Asad (s.a.) leaned against the wall of Ka’ba to rest. Miraculously, the wall cracked opened. Hazrat Fatima bint Asad (s.a.) entered and the wall closed behind her. Hazrat Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib, the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.)’s uncle witnessed this miracle. He and his companions rushed to the gate of the Sacred House, which was locked, and tried in vain to open it. Understanding that the Divinity was at work there, he and his companions ceased to interfere. The news of this miracle spread throughout Makkah like wild fire.
Imam Ali (a.s.) was born within the Ka’ba with his eyes closed and his body in humble prostration before the Almighty Allah. Hazrat Fatima bint Asad (s.a.) stayed in Ka’ba for three days and as the fourth day approached, she stepped out carrying her baby in her arms. She found the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) waiting to receive the new-born child in his anxious arms. Hence, the first face that little Imam Ali (a.s.) saw in this world was the smiling face of his cousin the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.). Imam Ali (a.s.) said, “Assalaamu alaika ya Rasool Allah” Thus it is confirmed that he (a.s.) was a born Muslim. Imam Ali (a.s.)’s first food was the saliva of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) when he gave his tongue into the mouth of the baby. The Muslims use the phrase “Karramallahu Wajha” for Imam Ali (a.s.) meaning the one who never prostrated to idols!
No one has ever born or will ever be born inside the Sacred House of Allah. This unique distinction was reserved for Imam Ali (a.s.). Hazrat Fatima bint Asad (s.a.) had said about this special privilege Allah had granted to her and said: “Allah preferred me to all women before me. Assiyah (wife of the Pharaoh) performed the acts of worship in seclusion where Allah did not like to be worshiped except in case of necessity. Mary (s.a.), the daughter of Imran, shook the trunk of the Pam- tree and ripe dates fell upon her. I entered the House of Allah and ate fruits of Paradise, when I was about to leave the place, I heard the Divine call: O Fatima! Name your son Ali because he is high and his Lord Most High. I gave him a name derived from My Own Name. I cultured him the way I willed. I made known to him the intricacies of My Own Omniscience. He is the one to crush the idols in My House. He is the one to call the people to prayer from the roof of My House. He worships Me. Blessed are those who love him, and woe to those who are his enemies.”
His birth in Ka’ba had been reported both by Shi’i and Sunni scholars. To name a few as under:
Masoodi in Murroj-udh-Dhahab, Muhammad ibn Talha al-Shafei in Matalib-us-Saool, Hakim in Mustadrak, Al-Umair in Sharh Ainia, Halabi in Sira, Sibt ibn al-Jauzi in Tadhkira Khawasil Ummah, Ibne Sabbagh Maliki in Fusoolul Mohimma, Muhammad bin Yousuf Shafei in Kifayat al-Talib, Shablangi in Nurul Absar, Ibne Zahra in Ghiythul Ikhtisar.
Among the modern historians, Abbas Mahmood al-Akkad of Cairo (1970), Egypt, writes in his book Al-Abqarriyet al-Imam Ali that Ali ibne Abi Talib was born inside the Ka’ba.
Another contemporary historian, Mahmood Saeed al-Tantawi, of the Supreme Council of Islamic Affair, Arab Republic of Egypt writes: “May God have mercy upon Ali ibne Abi Talib. He was born in Ka’ba. He witnessed the rise of Islam; he witnessed the Dawah of Muhammad, and he was a witness of the Wahi (Revelation of Quran al-Majid). He immediately accepted Islam even though he was still a child, and he fought all his life so that the word of Allah would be supreme.”
Miraculous birth of Imam Ali has many important points to ponder:
Sayyida Fatima bint Asad did not enter the Holy Ka’ba through the door but Allah opened an unusual opening. When Prophet Isa was born, Lady Mariam was told to leave the place of worship and go outside. What was the sustenance of Sayyida Fatima bint Asad for three days? When she entered the Ka’ba, Hazrat Abbas, Hazrat Abu Talib tried to open the door but it will not open, why? On the fourth day, the wall of Ka’ba again opened to give passage to her and the Priceless baby. From the time of construction of Ka’ba, no one had ever been born inside the Sacred Ka’ba nor will ever be born till the Day of Judgment. Imam Ali (a.s.) did not open his eyes for three days while he was inside the Kaaba and opened only when the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) took him in his arms and saw his sacred face when opened his eyes. He (s.a.w.a.s.) placed his noble tongue in Imam Ali (a.s.)’s mouth.
Titles of Imam Ali (a.s.) are:
Babul Ilm-The Gateway of Knowledge
Haider-e-Karrar-The Charging Lion
Waliullah-The Friend of Allah
Mazhar al-Aja’ib- The Manifest of Wonders
Murtaza-The Chosen one of Allah
Imam al-Muttaqeen-The Guide of the Pious
Imamul Aulia-The Guide of the Saints
Asadullah al-Ghalib-The Triumphant Lion of Allah
Siddiq-e-Akbar-The Greatest Truthful
Nafse Rasul-The Soul of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.)
Lisanullah- The Tongue of Allah
Yadullah-The Hand of Allah
Wajhullah-The Face of Allah
AbuTurab- The Father of the Soil
Farooq-e-Azam-The Greatest Distinguisher
Fath-e-Khaiber-The Conqueror of Khaiber
Abul Aimmah-The Father of Holy Imams

Sources used:
Imamreza Network, The birth of Ali Ibn Abi Talib by Sayyid Ali Asghar Razwy, WIKIPEDIA

Wednesday, March 28, 2018

THE ROLE OF INFANTS AND CHILDREN IN ISLAM


Allah (s.w.t.) sent 124,000 prophets and messengers to guide the humanity out of His Mercy. Every messenger preached the Unity of the Creator and directed their followers towards justice and equity in the individual and social life. They also warned about accountability for their deeds on the Day of Resurrection.

The Fir’aun wanted to avoid the birth of Prophet Musa as he was warned by the forecasters about the birth of a child who will terminate his rein, hence he ordered to kill thousands of children of Bani Israel, but Almighty Allah not only saved Prophet Musa but raised him in Fir’aun’s own house.

When Prophet Yusuf was being harassed by Zuleika, the wife of the king of Egypt, he rushed towards the door to free himself from her clutches when the door opened, and the king was standing. She quickly released his shirt and tried to blame Yusuf for sexually assaulting her. In the nearby cradle, an infant miraculously spoke to the king and said, “If his shirt is torn from the front, she has spoken the truth and he is lying, but if his shirt is torn from behind, she is lying, and he is speaking the truth.” (12:26-27) The truth of an infallible is always testified by an innocent or infallible.

Similarly, when Hazrat Maryam was pregnant with Prophet Isa’ without a father, people tried to blame her. She kept silence as advised by Allah in Surah Maryam Ayah 26, “Eat, drink and rejoice. Should you see a person going by, tell him that on this day you have promised the Magnificent to fast and never talk to any human being.” Surah Maryam Ayah 29 to 33, “She pointed to the baby (and referred them to him for their answer). They said, “How can we talk to a baby in the cradle. He (Prophet Isa’) said, “I am the servant of Allah. He has given me the Book (Bible) and has appointed me a Prophet. He has blessed me (made benevolent) no matter where I dwell, commanded me to worship Him and pay the religious tax for as long as I live. He has commanded me to be good to my mother and did not make me an arrogant, rebellious person. I was born with peace and I shall die and be brought to life again with peace.”

When the Christians from Najran came to Madinah and continued to argue about Prophet Isa’s divinity (son of God), the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) tried in vain to convince them that he was a servant of Allah and a Prophet. Surah Al-Imran Ayahs 59 and 61 were revealed, “To Allah the case of Isa’ is that of Adam whom He created from earth and then said, “Exist” (Kun) and Adam came into existence.” “If anyone disputes after knowledge has come to you , say, let us bring our children and you bring your children, let us bring our women and you bring your women, let us bring ourselves and you bring your selves and let us invoke and lay the curse of Allah on the liars among us.” It is a historical fact unanimously reported by everyone that the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) brought with him as “sons” Imam Hasan (a.s.) who was about 7 years old and Imam Husayn (a.s.) who was about six years old.

Lastly, Hazrat Ali al-Asghar, the 6 moths old innocent baby who was denied food and water for 3 days in the scorching heat of the desert of Karbala. The Infallible Imam Husayn (a.s.) who was pronounced by the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) as the “Prince of the youths of Paradise” tried to remind the so-called Muslims in Karbala that he was the son of their Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) whom they were calling in Aza’an, he was the son of the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.) and the Lady of Paradise Sayyida Fatima Zahra (s.a.). At last the Imam tested the humanity in the hearts of Yazid’s army but they proved to be below the basic level of humanity. The Imam (a.s.) brought Hazrat Ali al-Asghar (a.s.) and demanded water for him. They thought the baby was the strongest armament of the Imam (a.s.), hence they asked their prized archer, Hurmula to silence the baby with a three-pronged arrow, which was used to kill a camel. After being martyred, the baby smiled as if saying “Martyrdom is our tradition”. Hence Hazrat Ali al-Asghar (a.s.) testified his father’s stand for truth, justice and liberty for humanity.

Source: The Glorious Qur’an

Tuesday, March 27, 2018

THE INFALLIBLE IMAM MUHAMMAD TAQI AL-JAWAD (A.S.)


Imam Muhammad bin Ali, al-Taqi-al-Jawad was born on 10th Rajab 195 A.H. in Madinah. His parents were the Infallible Imam Ali al-Reza (a.s.) and Bibi Khaizarun. He became the Imam at the age of 8 years.
The caliph Mamun invited the young Imam to Baghdad to get him married to his daughter to fulfill his political aims. This infuriated his Abbasid clan. To substantiate his choice, Mamun arranged a meeting between the Imam and the leading scholars headed by Yahya bin Aktham, the Chief Justice of the kingdom. It was a grand occasion with 900 scholars present. Yahya asked:
                     “What is the compensation (kaffarah) for a person in Ihram who hunted and
                      killed his prey?” The Imam replied that there were more details required, and asked:                               
1.      Did the Muhrim (one in Ihram) hunt inside the Haram or outside?
2.      Did the Muhrim know the Sharia or not?
3.      Did he hunt intentionally or not?
4.      Did he hunt the first time or hunted many times?
5.      Was he free man or a slave?
6.       Was his prey a bird or an animal?
7.      Was it big or small?
8.    Did he hunt by day or night time?
9.      Was he an adult (baligh) or not?
10.  Was he repentant or not?
11.  Was his Ihram for Hajj or Umrah?

Yahya was stunned and looked down and started sweatingMamun requested the Imam to answer the question himselfThe Imam replied: “If he had killed the animal outside the sacred ground and it was winged and large, an atonement of a sheep would have been necessary for him. If he had struck it down in the sanctuary, the penalty would have been doubled. If he killed a young bird outside the sacred ground, then the atonement of a lamb which has been weaned off milk would have been required of him. If he had killed it in the sanctuary, then he would be required to sacrifice a lamb and the value of the young bird. As for wild animals, if it was a wild donkey, he would be required to sacrifice a cow. If it was an ostrich, the sacrifice of a camel would be necessary. If it had been a deer, then a sheep would be necessary. If he had killed any of those in the sanctuary, the penalty would have been doubled. Maamoun said to the Imam: “You have done excellent Abu Jaffer and God has rightly adorned you”
Maamoun asked the Imam to ask any question from Yahya bin Akhtam.
The Imam asked the Chief Justice:
“Can you describe the situation when a man looked at a woman at dawn when it was forbidden (haram) to do so; but then at sunrise it was permissible (halal) for him to look at her? Then at noon hour, it became haram for him to look at that woman; but in the afternoon, it became permissible for him to look at her? Then at sunset it became haram for him to look at that woman; but at night, it became halal for him to look at her? Then at midnight, it became haram for him to look at her; but at dawn, it became halal for him”
Yahya bin Akhtam said: “By Allah! I do not know the answer to this question. We would benefit from your answer”
The Imam explained the answer as follows:
“At dawn, the woman was a slave of someone else; however, by sunrise, the man had already bought her for himself, so it became halal for him to look at her. “At noon, he made her free, so she became haram for him; but by afternoon, he had married her, so she became halal for him” “At sunset, he did zihar by which one’s wife becomes haram for a person; but by night time, he paid the penalty for Zihar, and so she became halal for him again. “At midnight, he divorced her; but by next morning he revoked his divorce, so she became halal for him”

To uphold the imperialistic and luxurious ways of life, these monarchs wanted to do away with these Godly Imams who were the symbols of righteousness, compassion, faith, piety, fraternity, and justice which are the main teachings of Islam. Similarly, Yazid’s demand of allegiance from Imam Husyain (a.s.), or Maamoun’s appointment of Imam Ali al-Reza (a.s.) as heir apparent were two distinct aspects of the same wicked desire.
Contentment: The Imam used to live a simple and austere life wearing ordinary clothes. One day someone told him that since he sat next to the king, it did not befit him to wear such simple clothes. The Imam said: “If my value had been due to my clothes, it would have befitted me to wear expensive clothes, when it is not so, why should I give up simplicity. My present dress is concealing my body and it is comfortable, then why should I give up for costly ones. We Ahlul Bayt are content on whatever we get, and we do not allow greed to approach us.”
Hospitality: Like other imams, he was also very hospitable. Once, a guest arrived at his place in the middle of the night. The Imam asked him if he would like to have dinner. The man replied that although he was hungry but would not bother the Imam at such odd hour and that he would sleep hungry. The Imam said: “Guests do not sleep hungry at our place”
The Imam went inside and with the help of a servant, prepared the food and personally brought to the guest. Seeing this man started crying and on inquiry from the Imam, said: “I am crying at the thought that why the world did not recognize such Godly person”
Patience: The Abbasid clan did not approve of the marriage of Umme Fadhl with the Imam hence they continued to poison her ears. And Umme Fadhl herself was of a haughty nature and these instigations increased the gulf between them. She made the Imam’s life miserable, but the Imam exercised utmost patience.
Forgiveness: The relatives of the Imam were against him because of inheritance. Some of the allegations were that the Imam’s complexion differed from Imam Reza (a.s.) and they refused to accept that he was Imam Reza’s son. The Imam heard such taunting remarks but said nothing. One day, some money of Khums arrived and he distributed it to everyone including the one who was most inimical to the Imam. When people pointed out, the Imam said that he has left the affair to Allah. On hearing this, the person felt ashamed and fell on Imam’s feet and asked for forgiveness. The Imam had forgiven him.

Sources:
            Fourteen Masoomeen                                                              by Muhammadi Trust, London
            Akhlaq-e-A’imma                                                                       by Sayyid Zafar Hasan Amrohvi
            The Infallibles                                                                             by workshop@dir.com.Co.UK