Wednesday, July 1, 2015


It is an established fact that where there is a right, there is a liability. Hence, in Islam there are three rights; the rights of Allah (Huqooq-Allah), the rights of the “self” (Huqooq-an-Nafs) and the rights of the people (Huqooq-al-Ibaad). Hence, a human being has the liabilities to Allah, to his ‘self’, and to the people.
The Infallible Imam Zain-al-Abedin (a.s.) was the grandson of the Gateway of Knowledge, the Orator of the Pulpit of Sauni” the Infallible Imam Ali (a.s.), a rightful inheritor of his grandfather. This treatise of human rights was given by the Infallible Imam more than 1400 years ago but may be regarded as more comprehensive than the U.N. Charter!
The greatest Right of Allah: The greatest right of Allah against you is that you worship Him without associating anything with Him. When you do that, He will give the sufficiency in the affairs of this world and Hereafter.
The Right of your ‘Self’: You employ your limbs to obey Allah and seek His help in doing so.
The Right of the Tongue: Consider it too noble for obscenity and refrain from meddling in useless and sinful talk. Accustom it to virtue, express kindness to the people and speak well about them.
The Right of the Hearing: Keep it pure from listening to back-biting and other unlawful things.
The Right of Sight: Lower it before everything which is unlawful to see, and take heed when you look at anything.
The Right of the Hand: Do not stretch towards that which is unlawful to you.
The Right of the Legs: Do not walk with them towards that which is unlawful to you so that you do not slip on the Bridge of Siraat and may fall into the Hell Fire.
The Right of the Stomach: Do not eat any unlawful edible and do not eat more than your fill.
The Right of the Private Part: Protect it from fornication and guard against being looked upon.
The Right of your Prayer: You know that it is an arrival before Allah and that through it you are standing before Him. When you know that then you will stand in the station of lowly, beseeching, trembling, hopeful, fearful, and you will magnify Him who is before you through stillness and dignity. You will approach the prayer with your heart and you will perform it according to its bounds and its rights.
The Right of the Hajj: It is an arrival before Allah and a flight to Him from your sins; through it your repentance is accepted and you perform an obligation made incumbent upon you by Allah.
The Right of the Fasting: It is a veil which Allah has setup over your tongue, your hearing, your sight, your stomach, and your private part to protect you from the Fire (of Hell). If you abandon the fast you have will have torn Allah’s protective covering away from yourself.
The Right of Charity (Sadaqa): You know it is storing away with Allah and a deposit for which you will have no need for witnesses. If you deposit it in secret, you will be more confident of it than if you deposit in public. You should know that it repels afflictions and illnesses from you in this world and it will repel the Fire from you in the Hereafter.
The Right of the Offering (the animal sacrificed during Hajj): Through it you desire Allah and you do not desire His creation; through it you desire only the exposure of your soul to Allah’s Mercy and the deliverance of your spirit on the Day you encounter Him.

                Source used:


Tuesday, June 30, 2015


Human beings have cognizance of outside world with eyes. In order to attain piety, Islam has directed its followers to follow certain norms. The Glorious Qur’an states in Surah al-Nur Ayah 30: “(Muhammad), tell the believing men to cast down their eyes and guard their carnal desires; this will make them more pure. Allah is certainly aware of what they do.” Similarly, Allah has directed women also to acquire piety. The Glorious Qur’an states in Surah al-Nur Ayah 31: “Tell the believing women to cast down their eyes, guard their chastity, and not to show off their beauty except what is permitted by the law. Let them cover their breasts with their veils. They must not show off their beauty to anyone other than their husbands, father, father-in-laws, sons, step-sons, brothers, sons of brothers and sisters, women of their kind, their slaves, people of the household who were not of the age of carnal desires (being very young or very old). They must not stamp their feet to show off their ornaments. All of you believers turn to Allah in repentance so that perhaps you will have everlasting happiness.”
Even evil thoughts are discouraged in Islam. Surah al-Imran Ayah 29: “(Muhammad), tell them, “Allah knows all that you may conceal in your hearts or that you may reveal.” Allah is with us all the time as mentioned in Surah al-Hadid Ayah 4: “…..He is with you wherever you may be and He is Well-Aware of what you do.” Also in Surah al-Momin Ayah 19: “Allah knows well the covert glance and all what lies hidden in the hearts.”  Similarly, in Surah Qa’f Ayah 16: “We swear that We have created the human being and We know what his soul whispers to him. We are closer to him than even his jugular vein.”We are committing sins not only by our eyes by looking at women, but also committing sins in our hearts by thinking about them. We should sincerely believe in the fact that Allah (s.w.t.) is fully aware of what we are thinking and He knows what is in our hearts. Shaitaan is our sworn enemy and he will ensure that we should not be pious (even at heart) and we should not waste our resources in following into his foot-steps.
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “Curse of Allah is upon the one who has evil eye and also on those who invite evil eye. Whoever looks at a ‘Na Mahram’ women with lust, on the Day of Judgment his eyes will be burned with red hot rod and will be thrown in Hell” The Lady of Paradise the Infallible Sayyida Fatima Zahra (s.a.) said: “It is better that a woman does not see a ‘Na Mahram man’ and a ‘Na Mahram man’ does not see her”
The Infallible Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (a.s.) said that Hazrat Luqman advised his son saying: “O My son! On the Day of Judgment, Allah (s.w.t.) will question as to how he spent his youth, his life, how did he earn his sustenance, and how did he spent that earning.” Man cannot be confident of his piety as the Prophet Yusuf (a.s.) said: “I do not think that I am free from weakness; all human souls are susceptible to evil except for those to whom my Lord has granted mercy. My Lord is certainly All-Forgiving and All-Merciful. ” (Surah Yusuf Ayah 53)
The Losses of looking at women with evil intention are: Disobedience of Allah and His Prophet, loss of piety, increase in crimes, weakness of kidney, heart, brain, memory, and insufficient sleep.
We should resist the temptation to look at ‘Na Mahram’ women as the first look turns into more looks which turns into lustful gaze, hence avoid the initial attempt. One should lead a busy life as they say ‘empty mind is devil’s workshop’. Become a practicing Muslim praying salaat regularly, remember Allah as frequently as possible, imagine Allah’s punishment for sinners and pray sincerely to Allah for protection from Shaitaan.

                Sources used:

                The Glorious Qur’an, Bihar-ul-Anwar   by Allama Majlisi,  Imaan, Qalb-e-Salim, Dar-ul-                   Akhira    by Ayatolla Dasteghaib,  Ja’me-ul-Akhbar   by Shaikh Saduq

Sunday, June 28, 2015


In Surah al-Nur of the Glorious Qur’an, the Essence of Allah is described in Ayah 35 as follows:
                “Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. A metaphor for His light is a niche in which there is a lamp placed in a glass. The glass is like shining star which is lit from a blessed olive- tree that is neither Eastern nor Western. Its oil almost lights up even though it has not been touched by the fire. It is Light upon light. Allah Guides to His Light whomever He wants. Allah uses various metaphors. He has the knowledge of all things.”
In the Glorious Qur’an and the traditions, Nur has been referred for various entities;
1.       The Glorious Qur’an: Surah al-Ma’idah Ayah 15: “Indeed, there has come to you Light, from Allah, a Light and a clear book.” Also Surah al-A’raf Ayah 157: “Then those who…and follow the light which has been sent down with him, these are they that are prosperous ones.”
2.       Eimaan (Faith): Surah al-Baqarah Ayah 257: “Allah is the guardian of those who have faith; He brings them out of darkness into the Light….”
3.       Divine Guidance: Surah al-An’am Ayah 122: “Is he who was dead (with ignorance and polytheism) and We gave him life (by Our Guidance), and provided him with a Light by which he walks among the people, as one whose likeness is in the utter darkness (of ignorance and polytheism) whence he cannot come forth from them.”
4.       Religion of Islam: Surah al-Tauba Ayah 32: “…and Allah refuses but to perfect His Light, though the infidels detest it.”
5.       The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.): Surah al-Ah’zab Ayah 46: “And as summoner unto Allah by His permission, and as a Light-giving lamp.”
6.       The Infallible Imams: In Ziarat-e-Ja’miah, we read: “Allah created you (as) Lights, then He set you encircled (His Throne). You are the Light for the good ones and guiders of those who do good deeds”
7.       Knowledge: Bihar-ul-Anwar volume 1 page 325: “Knowledge is a Light that Allah casts in any heart that He wills.”
On the other hand, the distinction of light (Nur) is:
1.       In the material world, light is the most beautiful creation of the Exalted and Sublime Allah (s.w.t.)
2.       The speed of light is the fastest i.e. 30 lakh kilo meters per second. It can complete 7 circles around the globe in a wink of eye.
3.       Light is the means of cognizance of bodies and also illuminates itself.
4.       Solar light is the mainstay of life on the earth.
5.       All the colors on earth owe themselves to solar light.
6.       The center of all energies, except nuclear energy, is the solar light.
7.       Solar light eliminates every type of harmful germs on earth.
Allah is the creator, sustainer and protector of every type of life in the universe. Consequently, every creature of Allah acquires Nur or light to the extent that creation is attached to the Omnipotent Creator e.g. the Glorious Qur’an is light because it is His Address to mankind, Islam is light because it is His constitution, the prophets are light because they were sent by Him, the Infallible Imams are light because they were the guardians after His prophets, Imaan is light because it relates to Him, and knowledge is light because it is the cause of knowing  Him.

Source used:

  1.                 Tafsir-e-Namoonah                                               Ayatollah Nasir Makarem Shirazi

Thursday, June 25, 2015


Ilah means the absolute entity that is worshipped, loved, respected, and glorified. The lexical meaning of Ilah is to cover, hide or worship. Hence, the rewards enumerated below may be considered in the light of this meaning.
The reward for reciting “La Ilaha Illallah” – There is no God except Allah – is regarded in Islam as an act of worship for which the believer will be richly rewarded. It has been recorded in the book “Thawab al-A’mal  Wa Iqab al-A’mal by al-Saduq al-Qummi (r.a.). Extracts from the book are reproduced below:
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.)’s companion, Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri quotes the Messenger of Allah saying: “Allah, the Most Exalted and Sublime, said once to Moses the son of Imran, O Moses! Had the heavens and all those who reside therein, as well as those of the seven layers of earth, be placed on one scale and La Ilaha Illallah on the other, the scale containing La Ilaha Illallah would surely have weighed more.”
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.)’s companion, Hazrat Ja’bir ibn Abdullah Ansari  narrated that the Messenger of Allah said: “Two most sure things are: 1) Whoever dies testifying that there is no God except Allah will enter Paradise and 2) Whoever dies associating anything with Allah will enter the fire (of Hell)”
The Infallible Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (a.s.) quotes his great grandfather the Messenger of Allah saying: “Teach your dying persons to say: La Ilaha Illallah, for it will smash all of their sins.” He was asked, “O Messenger of Allah! What about one who says so while enjoying good health?” He said, “That is more smashing to them, more so, and still more! Indeed, La Ilaha Illallah is the best companion of anyone during his life time, when he dies, and when he is brought back to life again. Archangel Jibra’il said (to me): ‘O Mohammad, were you only to see them when they are brought back to life again! Some are raised with white faces calling out: La Ilaha Illallah! Allahu Akbar! And the faces of others will be black, and they will be crying out: Ya Waylah! Ya Thuburah! (O woe unto me! O what a calamity!)”
The Messenger of Allah said: “Whoever says: La Ilaha Illallah will have a tree planted for him in Paradise of red sapphire; it is planted in white musk, is sweater than honey and is more white than snow; its fragrance is better than musk. Repeat La Ilaha Illallah and Allahu Akbar as often as you can, for Allah loves nothing more than them.”
Jabir ibn Yazid al-Ju’fi quotes Imam Abu Jafar al-Baqir (a.s.) who quotes the Messenger of Allah saying: “For everything there is something equal to it except Allah, the Exalted, the Sublime, for nothing at all equals Him, and so is La Ilaha Illallah: nothing equals it. Nothing can weigh heavier than one’s tear shed out of fear of Allah. If it trickles down his face, neither exhaustion, nor humiliation shall ever touch it (his face thereafter).”
The Commander of the faithful Imam Ali (A.S.) has said: “Whenever a servant of Allah says: La Ilaha Illallah, it (the statement) ascends piercing every ceiling, wiping out his sins as it passes by them till it reaches its equivalent in good deeds.”
The Infallible Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s.), has said: “Nothing is more reward able than testifying that there is no God except Allah, for nothing equates Allah, the most Exalted one, nor is there any partner with Him.”
The Infallible Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (a.s.) said: “If one says La Ilaha Illallah one hundred times before going to bed, Allah builds him a mansion in Paradise, and whoever seeks Allah’s forgiveness a hundred times before going to bed, his sins will fall down as leaves fall down from the trees.”

Source used:

            Allah, the concept of God in Islam                                               by Yasin T. al-Jibouri

Tuesday, June 23, 2015


Since the dawn of history, man did not find any means to ascend over his desires and worldly wishes, attain spiritual upliftment, return to spirituality, and renounce contemptible habits. Fasting in various forms was practiced by ancient religions; from Hinduism to Judaism and Christianity.

On the second of Sha’baan 2 A.H., fast was made obligatory in Islam. Surah al-Baqarah Ayah 183-185: “O believers, fasting has been made mandatory for you as it was made mandatory for the people before you, so that you may have fear of Allah. Fasting is only for a certain number of days. One who is sick or on a journey has to fast the same number of days at another time. Those who can afford redemption should feed a poor person. Good deeds performed on one’s own initiative will be rewarded. However, fasting is better and will be rewarded if you know! The month of Ramazan is the month in which the (Glorious) Qur’an was revealed; a guide for the people, the most authoritative of all guidance and a criterion to discern right from wrong.”

Hence, Saum (Roza) or Fasting is the second “Fru’-e-Deen” or “Branches of Islam”
In Islam, the spiritual, social, economic, political, and psychological benefits of fasting are inter-related. Fasting purifies the soul, cleanses the intention and brings about abundance of virtues to the Muslims. A fasting Muslim learns to curb his baser desires, avoids transgressions, and extravagance. Fasting fosters a strong will, teaches patience and self –discipline, the ability to bear hardship, and tolerate hunger and thirst in obedience to Allah’s Commandments. Fasting regulates and systemizes the energies of instincts. Fasting prepares the body for lofty spiritual impulses. Fasting grants a respite to the human body so that they may be ready for normal activities in a more vigorous manner.
Allah (s.w.t.) said: “Fasting is for me and I am the one who rewards for it.”
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) and Fasting:
                There is a famous tradition of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) that when he was in                           Mai’raj, he asked Allah (s.w.t.): “O My Lord! What is the outcome of fasting in                           Ramazaan?” Allah replied: “Fasting leads to wisdom, wisdom leads to                                           knowledge, knowledge leads to certainty, when a servant attains certainty then it                         does not matter tohim whether he lives in difficulty or ease.”

                The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) also said: “Ramazaan is the month in which you have                     been invited to the banquetof Allah (s.w.t.). In this month you made of those people                     whom Allah respects and honors. Your sleep in it is worship and your breaths are                         glorification to Him. In the sight of Allah, this month is the best month, its days are                     the best days, its nights are the best nights, and its hours are the best hours. The gates                of heaven are open in this month, so ask your Lord not to close them. The gates of the                 (Hell) fire are closed, so ask your Lord not to open them. Shaitans are in chain, so ask                  your Lord not to dominate them over you. When you feel hungry and thirsty in this                      month, remember the hunger and thirst on the Day of Judgment.
There are many benefits for the various sicknesses and diseases. Fasting helps weight loss, diabetes by lowering blood sugar, speeds up metabolism, lowers cholesterol and systolic blood pressure, promotes long life, improves hunger, improves immune system and hypertension, skin health. There are psychological benefits of fasting also. A fasting Muslim experiences peace and tranquility. Personal hostility is decreased. The recitation of the Glorious Qur’an promotes tranquility of heart and mind and also improves memory.
                Sources used:
                The Glorious Qur’an
                The Sermon of Sha’bania by the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.)


Thursday, June 18, 2015


Sayyid Ibne Taoos narrated in his book “Iqbal”, quoting Imam Ali al-Riza (a.s.), who heard from his father, who quoted from the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.), who said: “One day, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) delivered the following Sermon about the Holy month of Ramazaan:
 O’ People! The month of Allah with Blessing, Mercy and Pardon has come to you, a month which is the best month among all months before Allah; its days are the best days; its nights are the best nights and its hours are the best hours. It is the month in which you have been invited by Allah for a feast, and has been selected as the recipient of His special favor. Your breathing merits the reward of praise while your sleeping in this month earns the reward of worship. In this month your deeds are accepted and prayers are granted.
Therefore, with true intention and pure hearts, beseech Allah to bestow upon you His special favor to be able to observe fasting and recite the Glorious Qur’an. Because the most unfortunate and wretched one is the one who remains deprived from Allah’s pardon during this great month. With your thirst and hunger remind yourself about the thirst and hunger of the Day of Judgment; pay charity to poor and destitute, pay respect to elders; be kind towards youngsters, and observe the bonds of relationship with your kith and kin.
Watch your tongue, cover your eyes from seeing forbidden objects and prevent your ears from hearing forbidden affairs. Be kind to the orphans of the people so that the others are kind to your orphans. Repent for your sins and at the time of prayer, raise your hands upwards, because these hours are the best hours as Allah looks towards mankind with Mercy and Compassion. Their hymns (reciting praise) are granted, their cries are heard. Whatever they ask is bestowed upon them and their prayers are fulfilled.
O’ people your selves are mortgaged against your deeds and therefore, by means of repentance make yourself free. Your back has become too heavy due to sins; by prolongation of prostration make yourself light-burdened. Know that Allah has taken the oath of His Majesty and Splendor that He will not punish those who offer prayers and bow down in prostration and on the Day of Judgment will not scare them from Hell Fire.

O’ people! Whoever in this month will make arrangements for the fast-breaking (iftar) for a believer, will be bestowed upon the reward equal to freeing of a slave and all of his past sins shall be pardoned.” He was asked: “O Prophet of Allah! But all of us are not in a position to arrange for the fast-breaking of a fast observer.” The Prophet replied: ‘Protect yourself from Hell Fire and offer fast-breaking even if it happens to be a date with a glass of sherbet.”
“O’ people whoever makes his conduct better in this month, on the Day of Judgment will be bestowed upon the permit for crossing over the “Seraat”. Whoever opens the knots of difficulties of people’s affairs in this month, Allah on the Day of Judgment will make the accounting of his deeds easier.
Whoever makes people immune from his mischief, Allah on the Day of Judgment will make him immune from His Wrath. Whoever treats an orphan with respect, on the Day of Judgment Allah will treat him with honor. Whoever takes care to strengthen the family bonds with relatives, Allah will extend His Blessings upon him on the Day of Judgment, and whoever will cut-off his family ties, Allah too will deprive him from His Blessings on the Day of Judgment.
Whoever offers supererogatory prayers in this month, Allah will register for his immunity from the Fire. Whoever performs an obligatory deed in this month, will be bestowed the reward of seventy obligatory deeds performed in other months. Whoever offers a lot of salutations (Salawat) upon me in this month, on the Day of Judgment, Allah will make his balance of virtuous deeds heavier. Whoever recites one single Ayah of the Glorious Qur’an this month will be bestowed with the reward of finishing the entire Glorious Qur’an in other months.
O’ people! The gates of Paradise are opened in this month; beseech Allah that it should not be closed upon you. The doors of Hell are closed, and ask Allah that they are not opened upon you. The devils are chained in this month, ask Allah not to allow them to take over your control.
Imam Ali (a.s.) said: O’ Prophet of Allah, which one is the best deed in this month? The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) replied: “O’ Abul Hasan! The most supreme deed in this month is the piety and renunciation of the Divine Forbidden Acts.”


Etiquette of the Holy month of Ramazaan     by Haj Mirza Javad Agha Maliki Tabrizi (r.a.)

Monday, June 15, 2015


It is reported in “Bihar-ul-Anwaar” from “Usool-e- Kaafi” in olden times, there lived a pious man who was always busy in prayer. The Shaitan tried his utmost to distract him from the right path but could not succeed. One day he summoned his companions and told them about his unsuccessful efforts to distract the worshiper and solicited new ideas for his distraction. One of his colleagues advised why not to lure him towards adultery, to which Shaitan said that the worshiper had lost any sexual desire. Another one suggested why not attract him toward delicious foods and alcohol. Shaitan replied that because of the lengthy worshiping the man had lost apetite for the same. One of his cunning companion said that why not deviate him by worshiping only.
This Shaitan (who suggested this idea) disguised himself as a human being and spread a prayer mat suspended in air and started praying right in front of the worshiper. The worshiper was surprised to see the magic and went near him and waited to speak to him. The Shaitan was lost in praying and did not look toward the worshiper which further impressed the worshiper. At last, the worshiper requested him for God’s sake to let him know the secret of his (Shaitan’s) high status. Shaitan said: “I have reached this status after committing a sin and later repented. Since then I am constantly seeking forgiveness for that sin. If you want to achieve this status, you also commit adultery, seek repentance and continue to seek forgiveness like me.” The worshiper said: “How can I commit adultery as I am not familiar with it nor do I have money?” Shaitan gave him two dirham and also the address of a prostitute.
The worshiper came to the prostitute. Here comes Allah’s Guidance and turned the prostitute’s heart toward virtue. The woman witnessed the signs of piety on his face and thought that such persons are not expected to visit sinful places. The woman asked him the reason of his visit. The worshiper advised her to take money and proceed to the sinful act. The woman refused to comply unless and until she knows the truth. At last, the worshiper narrated the whole episode. The woman replied: “Although it is unfavorable to me but still I will tell you that the person who directed you to me is no one but Shaitan.” The worshiper asserted that the man assured him of a high status after adultery. The woman said: “O Pious man! Come to your senses, after committing adultery how can you be sure of your chance to repent and assurance of forgiveness? Is a whole garment better or a garment which is torn apart and patched up?” When the worshiper did not respond positively, the woman said: “O.K., I am ready for you but if you go back and see the man if he is still praying in air then come back, I am waiting for you! If he is not found there then definitely he was Shaitan” When a thief is identified then he will abscond. When a faithful comprehends the Shaitan’s doubts, he is saved from the destruction.
When the worshiper returned to his place he did not find the man and hence he realized that it was the accursed Shaitan who wanted to rob him of his long piety. The worshiper prayed for the woman who guided him back to piety. It is reported that when the prostitute died, the Prophet of the time was ordered by Allah to attend her funeral prayer. When the Prophet submitted to Allah that she was a prostitute,  Allah informed the Prophet that she directed one of His deviated slave back to Him and that she was forgiven by Him and had attained salvation.

Source used:

           Iste’azah (Urdu translation page 58)     Martyred Ayatullah Sayyid Abdul Husayn Dasteghaib