Thursday, November 27, 2014

COMPANIONS OF HAZRAT IMAM HUSAYN (A.S.) - 2 HANI IBN URWAH (R.A.)

Hani was one of the nobles of Kufa, a strong and proud Shia’h and a renowned reciter of the Glorious Qur’an in that part of the Muslim world. He was the chief of the Murad tribe. He had seen and was honored by being the Companion of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). At the time of his martyrdom, he was over 90 years. (Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, Al-Isaba 3/616)
Yazid appointed Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad the governor of Kufa. The Muslims of Kufa were expecting the Infallible Imam Husayn (a.s.) as they have invited him for guidance. The crafty Ubaidullah entered Kufa at night wearing a black dress completely covering himself. After deceitfully entering Kufa as the Imam, he came out in true colors. He arrested all known Shi’ahs and prohibited anyone from sheltering Hazrat Muslim bin Aqeel (a.s.). At that time Hazrat Muslim (a.s.) was staying with Hazrat Mukhtar hence he left his house and came to the house of Hazrat Hani ibn Urwah. Sharik bin Abdullah was staying with Hani. Sharik was one of the respected and renowned Shi’ah of Imam Ali (a.s.). Sharik fell sick and Ubaidullah was coming to see him. Sharik advised Hazrat Aqeel to kill Ubaidullah when he visits Hani’s house but he did not.
The Shi’ahs kept meeting Hazrat Muslim at Hani’s house. Ubaidullah planned a crafty scheme and gave three thousand dinars to his slave Ma’aqil to go to the Shia’hs and tell them that he had some money to be delivered to the member of AhlulBayt (Hazrat Muslim). Ma’aqil came to the mosque and found Muslim ibn al-Ausajah al-Asadi. His crafty scheme worked out and Ubaidullah came to know where Hazrat Mukhtar was staying, and continued to get information every evening.
One day he called Hani and said; “His feet, the feet of the treacherous one, have brought him to you”
Ubaidullah said to Hani: “You brought Muslim to your house and gathered weapons for him. Did you not?” He confronted Ma’aqil with Hani. Hani realized that Ma’aqil was spying for Ubaidullah. Ubaidullah ordered Hani to bring Hazart Muslim to him but he refused saying that he was his guest and the Arabs respect their guests. Ubaidullah threatened to kill him and hit Hani’s face with his sword so fiercely that his nose was broken and he was put in one of the rooms of the palace. Hani’s father-in-law heard that Hani was dead hence he along with his tribesmen surrounded the palace. Ubaidullah asked Shurayh, the judge, to see the condition of Hani and tell them that he was alive. Shurayh complied with and the people left. Later, Ubaydullah ordered that Hani be beheaded in the market.
While Imam Husayn (a.s.) was on the way to Kufa, at the place of Zarud, the Imam was informed about the martyrdom of Hazart Muslim bin Aqeel (a.s.) and Hazart Hani ibn Urwah ()r.a.). The Imam kept repeating the Ayah: “Inna Lillahe Wa Inna Ilaihe Raje’oon” (We belong to Allah, and to Him shall we return), as he wept, pleading to Allah to have mercy on them.
When Ubaidullah sent the heads of Hazrat Muslim (a.s.) and Hazrat Hani ibn Urwah (r.a.) to Yazid, he sent a thanksgiving letter as follows: “I have received the news that Husain is coming towards Iraq, deploy guards over the roads, gather provisions, and keep alert .Imprison and detain the dubious ones and kill those who fight you.”
During the times of Muawiya,he had appointed all governors from his Umayyad clan and they represented his policies of tyranny, oppression, deceit and ruthlessness.
Sources used:
WIKIPEDIA
Nafsul  Mahmoom                                                                               Ma’aref Foundation
The Uprising of Ashura                                                                       Allama Ali Asghar Ridwani
Maqtal al-Husayn                                                                                 Abdal Razzaq Muqarram

Martyrdom of Hani ibn Urwah al-Muradi                                            www.en.rafed.net

Monday, November 17, 2014

MARWAN BIN HAKAM

Marwan was the great grandson of Umaiyya and a cousin of the third Caliph Usman bin Affan.
One day, the Noble Prophet dreamt that Hakam’s sons were jumping like monkeys on his (Prophet’s) pulpit. This dream aggrieved him so much that he did not laugh for the rest of his life. (Tafsir-e-Tabari, 15/77, Al-Durrul Mansur 4/191) When the Noble Prophet saw Marwan, he said: “The young one of a lizard is also a lizard. The offspring of an accursed is accursed.”
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) saw Marwan’s father Hakam caricaturing him; hence, on the behest of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) Hakam was externed from Madinah. Marwan was 7 or 8 years old at that time. The first two Caliphs did not allow Hakam to return but the third Caliph, Usman bin Affan recalled him to Madinah and appointed Marwan as advisor.
Ummul Momineen Ayesha said to Marwan: “O Marwan! I testify that you are the one whose father was cursed by the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) while you were still in his loins.” She further said: “I have heard the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) saying about your father and grandfather that you (Marwan) are the Accursed Tree” (Tafsir-e-Durrul Mansoor 4/1919)
Marwan and Karbala: After the death of Muawiya, Yazid became the King of Umayyad Dynasty. He asked the governor of Madinah, Walid bin Utbah to obtain allegiance (Bai’at) from the Infallible Imam Husayn (a.s.). When Imam Huasyn (a.s.) came to see the governor, Marwan was also sitting next to him. When Imam Husayn (a.s.) advised the governor that such matters can only be discussed in front of a gathering, Marwan told the governor to either obtain Yazid’s allegiance right away or kill Imam Husayn (a.s.) as if he leaves then Walid will never be able to get him. When Imam Husayn (a.s.) replied in a high tone, the brave band of Hashemite Youths forcibly entered the court with drawn swords and a blood-shed was imminent, but the Imam (a.s.) pacified them.
In the book, Ihtejaj, it is related from Muhammad bin Saeb, that one day Marwan bin Hakam told the Infallible Imam Husayn (a.s.): “If it were not for your esteem and honor through Hazrat Fatima (s.a.), how could you have gained excellence over us.” Imam Husayn (a.s.) was infuriated and caught hold of his neck with an iron fist, then he removed the turban from his head and tied it in Marwans’ neck, and he fell down unconscious, then he left him.
It is reported that the Fadak was given to Marwan bin Hakam by the third caliph, Usman bin Affan. Fadak was gifted by the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) to his beloved daughter Sayyidah Fatima Zahra (s.a.) but was snatched away by the first caliph.
When Marwan was called back by the third caliph, he was dressed in tatters and when he left the court he was dressed in silken clothes with a mantle. The caliph gave three hundred thousand Dirhams to Marwan out of charities of Yemen. (Tariq Ya’qubi 2/41)
It is reported that Muawiya used the services of his governor of Madinah, Marwan bin Hakam to poison Imam Hasan (a.s.) so as to pave the way for appointing his son Yazid as a successor, in contravention of the “Peace Treaty” with Imam Hasan (a.s.). Marwan did not allow the body of Imam Hasan (a.s.) to be buried near the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) and had the unique distinction of raining arrows on the sacred body of Imam Hasan (a.s.)!
After the death of Yazid, his son Muawiya II gave a long sermon accusing his father Yazid for the slaughter at Karbala and suggesting Imam Ali, Zain al-Abedin (a.s.) should be the caliph of Muslims. He voluntarily abdicated from the caliphate and the crafty Marwan bin Hakam propelled through and captured the caliphate. It is the greatest tragedy of history that the family which was externed from Madinah by the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) succeeded in becoming the caliph of the same Noble Prophet of Islam!
Time changed and Marwan was desperate about his family. He came to Imam Zain-al-Abedin and requested for shelter for his family and the generous and forgiving Imam offered shelter and comfort to his family!
It is also reported that Marwan first married the daughter of the third caliph, Usman bin Affan. Afterwards he married the widow of Yazid and mother of Khalid. One day, in the full court, Marwan abused Khalid and Khalid complained to his mother. She obtained the assistance of her maids and during the night smothered Marwan with a pillow and sat upon it until he died of suffocation!
Sources used:  Nafsul Mahmum                                                      Shaykh Abbas Qummi
Understanding the Karbala                                                              Allama Sayyid Saeed Akhtar Rizvi
Every day is Ashura.blogspot.com
Marwan bin Hakam: The Accursed Tree                                         imamreza.net
Imam Hasan & Caliphate                                                                Qurrat-ul-Ain Abedi
Islam, faithpractice and history                                                       Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi

Icbh.org

Thursday, November 13, 2014

A CHRISTIAN WHO WAS MARTYRED WITH IMAM HUSAYN (A.S.)

Wahab al-Kalbi belonged to a tribe in which many of them remained a Christian since the time of the event of Mubahela. He was newly married and was travelling with his middle aged mother and a twelve year old bride. They happened to cross the small band of Imam Husayn (a.s.). He was deeply impressed by the noble personality of Imam Husayn (a.s.), his honesty, piety, and knowledge. Wahab continued discussing this with his mother and proceeded along with his caravan till they reached Karbala. Following conversation took place between Wahab and his mother.
Wahab: Mother, what should I do in this situation?
Mother: How do you feel yourself, my son!
Wahab: In my opinion Husayn (a.s.) is on the just path and it would be cowardly and against all traditions of Arab chivalry and gallantry to leave the side of a man so isolated and surrounded by blood-thirsty enemies.
Mother: If that is what you think then we will remain with Husayn (a.s.)
On the Day of Ashura, when the companions went to the battle-field one after the other, Wahab sought permission from Imam Husayn (a.s.) to sacrifice his life. Imam Husayn (a.s.) must have been overwhelmed by this young man’s passion for justice and fervor for the right cause. Imam Husayn (a.s.) tried to explain to Wahab that it was a fight between the man who was claiming to be the rightful Khalifa of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) and himself, the grandson of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). It was clearly a Muslim problem. Wahab must have replied that although he was a Christian but he knew that justice and truth was on Imam Husayn (a.s.)’s side. And that the teachings of Christianity are not different from Islam in the matters of truth and justice.
It is reported that Wahab’s mother also pleaded on her son’s behalf and said: “O Grandson of the Prophet of Islam! It will be an honor for me if my son fights for you and gives his life protecting you.” Imam Husayn (a.s.) was still reluctant to give permission to Wahab. When Wahab saw this he said: “O Grandson of the Prophet of Islam! If that is the case then, from this moment on, I am a Muslim.” Saying this, Wahab recited the Kalama and became a Muslim. Now Imam Husayn (a.s.) had let him go to the battle-field. While all this was going on, the bride of a few days, his wife started crying when she saw that Wahab was going to the battle-field. She said: “What will happen to me O my husband? Are you going to leave me alone in this world?” Wahab’s mother said: “My son, don’t listen to her. She is young and immature. You do what you think is the right thing.” The bride approached Imam Husayn (a.s.) and said: “Are you the rightful Imam?” The Imam replied: “Yes, I am” She said: “Then if Wahab dies protecting you, he would go to the Paradise?” Imam said: “Yes, he would.” The she said: “Can you promise me that you would not let Wahab enter the Paradise without me.” The Imam said: “Yes, I promise you, you and Wahab will enter the Paradise together.”
Wahab went and fought bravely and killed several enemy soldiers then returned to his mother and asked her if she was please with him. The mother replied: “May Allah be pleased with you. But I would really be pleased when I see you dying in action protecting the grandson of the Prophet.” Wahab returned to the battle-field and the mother stood by her tent and kept encouraging him. Wahab soon attained martyrdom, seeing this; the bride ran to Wahab’s side, sat down and wept with her face on her husband’s face. Seeing this, Shimr (l.a.) ordered her to be killed. Thus she became the first woman martyr in Karbala. As promised by Imam Husayn (a.s.), they both entered the Paradise together!
Umar ibn Sa’d (l.a.) ordered that Wahab’s head be severed, the severed head of Wahab was thrown towards his mother. She picked up the head, wiped off dust of his forehead, kissed it and threw it back saying: “This was sadaqa given in Allah’s way. It will not be taken back!”
                
Sources used:
 WIKIPEDIA, SHIASTUDIES.NET

Tuesday, November 11, 2014

IMPACT OF THE VICTORY OF MAKKAH

Surprised by the 10,000 strong, disciplined Muslims army, Abu Sufyan rushed back to Makkah’s precincts and called out loud, “O Makkans! Muhammad has arrived with his army and you have no power to oppose him. Those who enter my house will be safe from harm, and now only unconditional surrender can save you from massacre.”  On February 11, 630 A.D., The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) victoriously entered Makkah shedding almost any blood. He declared a general amnesty in that whoever remains in his house with closed doors, or enters Abu Sufyan’s house or enters the Masjid al-Haram, will be safe. After entering the House of Allah (Ka’abah) and demolishing every statue inside Ka’abah, he addressed the people asking them what treatment they expect from him. People expressed their hope that he will be generous and forgiving.
Sir John Glubb writes, “Majority of Quraish accepted Islam because there was very little to choose from. They also sensed that it was not such a bad bargain after all to declare themselves Muslims, and they did, with what reservations, was a question to be answered by the future alone.” All members of the clan of Banu Umaiyya, including Hinda, the wife of Abu Sufyan, and the cannibal of Uhad, also ‘accepted’ Islam.”
Surah Yaseen, Ayah 7, “(I swear) that most of them are doomed to be punished. They will not accept the faith.” Surah Yaseen was revealed in Makkah and Allah is advising His Messenger that most of them will not accept the faith.
Surah al-Hujuraat, Ayah 14, “The Bedouin Arabs have said, “We are believers.” Tell them, “You did not believe, but you should say that you have submitted (by the word only). In fact, belief has not entered your hearts…”
After the sad demise of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), the Banu Umaiyya openly started the operation of dismantling the structure of Islam. First Muawiya rebelled against the divinely appointed Infallible Imam Ali (a.s.), then after weakening the caliphate of the Infallible Imam Hasan (a.s.), ultimately had him poisoned by his wife. Lastly, against the Agreement with Imam Hasan (a.s.) appointed Yazid, the son of his Christian wife Maysun. Yazid mercilessly killed the Infallible Imam Husayn (a.s.) along with his family and friends, had the daughters and family members of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) desecrated by sending them without head-covers in the streets of Kufa and Damascus after burning their shelters in Karbala. Yazid disclosed his religion when respectable prisoners were standing in his court and said, “If my forefathers slain in Badr (by Muslims) were alive they would have been happy that I have taken their revenge. There was no revelation from God, Banu Hashim only wanted power!”
On the eve of victory of Makkah, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), who was tortured by these very Quraish, could have killed them, but he favored them with the amnesty and the light of Islam. Surah al-Rahman Ayah 60; “Can anything else be a response to a favor but a favor?”
Surah al-Shurah Ayah 23: “(Muhammad), say, “I do not ask you for any payment for my preaching to you except (your) love of (my near) relatives.” No Messenger of Allah asked for any compensation for his preaching from his Ummah. It was the Divine Order only for the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). “The compensation for his preaching” may be seen in Karbala. The family of Imam Husayn (a.s.) was deprived of water for three days, the so called Muslims killed Imam Husayn and the male members of his family even 6 months old infant, Ali al-Asghar, was slaughtered by a 3 stage arrow used for slaughtering camel. Imam Husayn (a.s.) had buried his 6 month old baby at the back of the encampment.
At the end of this slaughter at Karbala, Yazid army went round the battle field and the tent where Imam Husayn (a.s.) used to bring the bodies of the martyrs and keep in the tent. When they counted the heads of martyrs, the tiny head of 6 months old Ali Asghar was not found. One can imagine the brutality of Yazid’s forces that assigned horsemen to find the tiny body by piercing spears on the earth at the back of the camps and ultimately one of the spears penetrated the body of Ali Asghar!
They set on fire the encampments of Imam Husayn (a.s.), snatched the head-covers of the women, made them to sit on camels without seats and paraded along the route to Kufa and Damascus!

                Source used: The Glorious Qur’an

Wednesday, November 5, 2014

POST-ASHURA MIRACLES

Extracts from the book “MAQTAL AL-HUSAYN (A.S.) written by Abd al-Razzaq al-Muqarram (r.a.)”:
When Umar ibn Sa’d (l.a.) accompanied those whom he had arrested, left for Kufa, he left behind those whom the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.), as the masters of martyrs, an honor to which nobody ever preceded nor anyone ever succeed them. (Kamil al-Ziarat by Ibn Qawlawayh page 219) Among them was the Master of the Youths of Paradise, who was in a condition that would split the hardest of the stones, yet divine light was emanating from his corpse, and sweet scents were surrounding him from all directions. A man belonging to the Banu Asad has narrated the following:
                “Once the army had left, I came to the battle-field and saw light emanating from those                 corpses covered with blood yet smelled sweet scents. I saw a terrifying lion walking                       between the amputated parts till he reached Imam Husayn (a.s.)’s body. He rubbed                     himself on his blood and rubbed his body on his as he kept muttering  and letting out                   a very strange sound. I was amazed as he never seen such an event in my life. I was                 more  amazed when midnight came. It was then that I saw candles and heard voices                    that filled the earth with painful cries and wailing. (Madinat al-Ma’ajiz by Sayyid                        Hashim al-Bahraini, chapter 127, page 263)”
On the thirteenth day of Muharram, Zayn al-Abedin (a.s.) came to bury his martyred father, since only an Imam can bury another Imam. (Ithbat al-Wasiyya by al-Mas’udi page 173)
Once, Imam Reza (a.s.) asked Ali ibn Abu Hamza: “Who took care of burying Imam Huasyn (a.s.)?” He replied: “Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.)” Imam Reza (a.s.) asked: “But where was he at that time?” He replied: “He was jailed in Kufa in ibn Ziad’s prison, but he came out without their knowledge in order to bury his father then return to the prison.”
Imam Reza said: “Then the One who enabled Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) to go to Kabala to take care of his slain father is the same One Who will enable the person entrusted with a similar task (meaning himself) to go to Baghdad in order to take care of his father, and he is neither jailed nor confined.”
When Imam Sajjad (a.s.) came to the place, he saw Banu Asad assembled around the slain. Then he informed them that it was his task to bury those pure bodies.
Imam Zayn al-Abedin (a.s.) walked to his father’s body, hugged it and cried loudly. Then he came to the graveside and lifted a handful of its soil. A grave already dug appeared and so did a pre-constructed shrine. He placed his under the Imam’s back and said: “In the name of Allah and according to the creed of the Messenger of Allah Allah has said the truth, and so His Messenger. The will of Allah be done; there is neither power nor might except in Allah, the Great.  Then he took it and went down without being assisted by anyone from among the Banu Asad to whom he said: “I have with me someone who will assist me.” Once he laid it down in the grave, he put his cheek on his father’s sacred neck and said: “Congratulations to the land that contains your pure body, for the world after you is dark whereas hereafter in your light shall shine. As to the night, it is the harbinger of sleep, while grief remains forever, for Allah shall choose for your Ahl al-Bayt (a.s.) your abode wherein you shall abide. From me to you is Salam, O’ Son of the Messenger of Allah, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings.”
Then he walked the body of his uncle, al-Abbas (a.s.) and fell on his body kissing his sacred neck saying: “May the world after you be obliterated, O’Moon of Banu Hashim, and peace from me to you, O Martyr, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings.” He dug a grave for him and took him down in it just by himself. He said to Banu Asad, “There is someone with me to help me.”
He gave a piece of jewelry in appreciation for consoling him. He ordered them to dig two pits in the first of which he buried those slain from Banu Hashim and the second for the companions.
The closest in proximity to the grave of al-Husayn (a.s.) from among the martyrs is his son Ali al-Akbar (a.s.).

As regards al-Hurr al-Riyahi, his corpse was taken by his tribe and was buried it where it stands now.  

Sunday, November 2, 2014

YAZID IBN MUAWIYA

Yazid was born in the year 25 A.H. His mother was a Jacobite Christian from the Kalb tribe in Syria, named Maysun bint Bajdal al-Nasrania. (Ref. Ibn Hajar, Ad-Dahabi, Ahmad etc.). His mother remained in her family and Yazid grew up in the Christian neighborhood during his childhood and adolescence.
Ibne Khaldun wrote: “Yazid’s time of governance can be seen as Fisq and Debauchery, and Muawiya is to be blamed for this."
In the first place, the appointment of Yazid by Muawiya was illegal because it was in contravention with one of the covenants of the Agreement with Imam Hasan (a.s.) which expressly stated that Muawiya will not appoint a successor.
Ahle Sunnah’s opinion about Yazid:
Ibne Kathir wrote: “Traditions inform us that Yazid loved worldly vices, would drink (wine); every morning he would get intoxicated, play music…” (Al-Bidayah  Wal Nihayah  volume 8 page 1169)
Imam Malik, Imam Sha’fi’I, Imam Ahmad; all agree that it is permissible to curse Yazid.
Imam ibn Hajr al-Asqalani wrote:
Loving and glorifying Yazid is not done except by a Heretic (apostate) who has void belief because Yazid had such characteristics that his lover deserves to be faithless. (Al Imta BilArbaeen al-Matbainatus Sama by Imam Ibn Hajar
Al-Asqalani, Darul Kutub al-Ilmiyya, Beirut, Lebanon 1997 page 96)
He further wrote
All Ahle Sunnah agree that Yazid was fasiq (transgressor), fajir (debaucher) and a drunkard. Al-Waqidi recorded a message: The people who have seen Yazid said “Verily, we oppose Yazid fearing Allah would rain stones down on us because Yazid considered Nikah with mothers and sisters permissible and drank alcohol.
Allama Alusi al-Baghdadi wrote: “And I say what is prevalent over my mind that Yazid did not testify to the Apostleship of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). According to me, it is correct to curse a person like Yazid. Along with Yazid, Ibn Ziyad, Ibn Sa’ad and his group shall also be included. Verily, Allah’s curse be upon all of them, their friends, their supporters, their group and upon everyone who inclines towards them until Qiyama and until an sheds tear upon Imam Husayn (a.s.) (Tafsir Ruh al-Ma’ani, volume 26 page 73)
Ad-Dahabi wrote about Yazid: “Yazid was a disgusting Nasibi (those who hate AhlulBayt). He drank wine and did evil. He started his kingdom with the killing of Shaheed al-Husayn and ended it with the incident of al-Harrah (siege of Madinah which also make him directly liable for La’anah as Sahih Ahadis prove) (Siyar al-Alaman Nabula V.4 page 37)
Jalal uddin Suyuti mentioned in his book ‘The History of the Rightly guided Caliphs’”Nawfal bin Abi al-Faraat said that once I was Umer Ibn al-Abdul Aziz when a man said in his presence’ Yazid, the leader of the believers’ Umar ibn Abdul Aziz said in shock “Did you call Yazid the Leader of the Believers?”Umar then ordered 20 lashes for the man.
CIF International Association declares “Ahle Sunnah wal Jam’ah are the true followers and supporters of Ahle Bayt At-har. The Salafi practice of placing Hazrat Ali and Hazrat Husayn on one side, and claiming their supporters to be Shias; and placing Muawiya and Yazid on other side and claiming their followers to be Sunni is ridiculous.  Salafis, Deobandies and likeminded groups claim themselves as Sunnis and they take the side of Muawiya and Yazid, and blame Hazrat Ali and Hazrat Husayn as responsible for the bloodshed in Islamic state. ASTAGHFIRULLAH
Yazid’s three dreadful crimes: In the first year he mercilessly killed the Grandson of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), Imam Husayn (a.s.) and arrested the AhlulBayt (a.s.)’s ladies and snatched their head-covers, openly paraded from one city to another and later put them in prison without roof! In the second year he sent a huge Syrian army who plundered Madinah, killed about 10,000 men, women, and children, even inside the Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.)’s Mosque. The Syrian soldiers were given free hand for three days. Thousand of girls and women were raped including women of the Companions of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). In the third year, he sent an army under Moslem ibn Aqabah to attack Abdullah ibn Zubayr in Makkah. When he took refuge in Masjid al-Haram and Ka’abah, the so called Muslim army stoned and demolished the Ka’abah after burning the sacred cloth around the House of Allah!  
Yazid died at the age of 36. There are many narrations about his death; one narration says that he was killed by his own horse when it lost control, other narrations says that he was drunk and while dancing fell on his head and died; yet another narration says that he met a Bedouin Arab in the desert and introduced himself and the Bedouin called him the murderer of Imam Husayn (a.s.) and killed him. But there is no trace of his grave!
Sources used:


WIKIPEDIA, IMAMREZA.NET, CIFIAONLINE.COM/YAZIDBINMUAWIYA.HTM

Wednesday, October 29, 2014

DEFLECTION OF YAZID'S ARMY COMMANDER TO IMAM HUSAYN (A.S.)

Hur was a career officer in Yazid’s army stationed at Kufa garrison. He was sent with an army of 1000 men to intercept Imam Husayn (A.S.). Hur knew that the government did not want Imam Husayn ( A.S.) to enter Kufa. But as a professional soldier he did not concern himself with the political issues. His duty was to execute the orders of his superiors. However, a pure conscience was lurking in his tough military heart.
Hur and his 1000 strong army surrounded in a hostile posture Imam Husayn ( A.S.) and his companions outside Kufa. Hur and his soldiers were traveling for a long time in the desert and consequently they were thirsty. Hur requested Imam Husayn ( A.S.) for water for his army. Imam Husayn (A.S.) asked Hazrat Abbas (A.S.), Hazrat Ali Akbar, Hazrat Qasim and others to provide water to Hur’s army and also to their horses. Water in those days in the desert was a valuable commodity. However, the son of “Saqi-e-Kausar” showed benevolence even to his enemies.
After Hur’s army and their horses quenched their thirst, it was time for Zuhar prayers. Congregational prayers were led by Imam Husayn ( A.S.) and Hur and his army prayed behind Imam Husayn (A.S.)!
After the prayers, Hur told Imam Husayn (A.S.) that his orders were to stop him from entering Kufa except if he pays allegiance (Bai’at) to Yazid. Imam Husayn (A.S.) said that he would never give allegiance to a man who was an unjust ruler and was determined to destroy Islam. In any case he was going to Kufa because people had invited him. The Imam produced two sacks of letters and petitions from the people of Kufa who were begging him to go there. Hur said that as his orders were not to allow the Imam to go to Kufa there was nothing he could do save carry out the orders.
From modern military warfare strategies, it is one of the tactics to destroy the enemy’s line of supplies. If Imam Husayn (A.S.) would have been on an adventure to grab power, it was a golden opportunity to deprive water to Hur’s army and let the enemy die of thirst.
But as Imam Husayn (A.S.), like rest of The Ahlul Bayt (A.S.) who always acted not for personal glory but for the sake of Allah.
The Imam told Hur that he will take another route and go away from Kufa. Hur said that his orders were to stop Imam Husayn (A.S.). Saying this, Hur placed his hand on the reigns of Imam Husayn (A.S.)’s horse. The Imam became furious and said, “May your mother mourn your death”. Hur said that he could have replied to him but he could not take Imam’s mother’s name in public.  And so, followed by Hur and his 1000 strong army, the Imam and his companions rode in the direction away from Kufa.
On 2nd Muharram, they reached Karbala. Imam Husayn (A.S.) purchased a piece of land of Karbala with a foresight for future, and pitched his tents. Hur and his soldiers pitched their camps some distance away.
Next day, Umer ibn Sa’ad came with an army of 4,000 men. Umer ibn Sa’ad was the commander of the Yazid’s army. He had several meetings with the Imam and he was so impressed with the Imam that he also prayed behind Imam Husayn (A.S.). When Ibn Ziad heard this, he was very furious. He sent Shimer with 10,000 men and wrote a letter to Umer ibn Sa’ad ordering him to take allegiance (Bai’at) from Imam Husayn (A.S.) or kill him. Umer bin Sa’ad immediately changed his attitude towards Imam Husayn (A.S.).
Following the instructions, he imposed restrictions on Imam Husayn (A.S.) and his followers from getting water from the Euphrates, and from the 7th Muharram, no one from Imam’s camp was allowed near the river Euphrates.
On the Night of Ashura, Hur was very restless. He could hear the children from Imam Husayn (A.S.)'s camp crying for water. His conscience whispered to him: “What have you done Hur? Why did you put the son of Fatima (S.A.) in this position? Will Allah ever forgive you?” This was the rising of his dormant pure conscience. This career soldier could not sleep the whole night because of this tussle in his heart. Within him there was a struggle between his duty as a soldier and his pure conscience. He had been a professional soldier the whole life. He believed in his obedience to his superiors and the military discipline. Now the issues were moral and touched the very core of Islam. Hur’s conscience compelled him to consider these issues.
Before dawn he made up his mind. Hur, his slave, and his son, rode over to Imam Husayn (A.S.)’ camp. The Imam was sitting outside his tent. When he saw this small band of people who had deserted the enemy’s ranks and seen the light of Iemaan and followed their conscience, the Imam called Hazrat Abbas (A.S.), Hazrat Ali Akbar, and Hazrat Qasim and asked them to go and welcome the visitors. It is reported that Hur had asked his son to fasten his hands like a criminal. Hur came and fell on the feet of the Imam and pleaded for his forgiveness. Imam Husayn (A.S.) took Hur in his arms and said: “Hur I forgive you. I assure you that my grandfather also forgives you. You are Hur in this world and the Hereafter!”
Ahlul-Bayt (A.S.) are always ready to forgive the true sentiments of regret. From 7th Muharrum onwards, when thousands of enemy forces were arriving and no one came to help Imam Husayn ( A.S.), one can imagine the state of affair in the minds of everyone in the Imam’s camp .

The defection of a commander of 1000 troops from the side of falsehood to the side of truth and righteousness is a momentous event in the history of Karbala. He chose to move from, a side which in a few hours would be apparently victorious and shower worldly compensation from his superiors, to the side of a few hungry and thirsty men. This marks a great victory for Imam Husayn (A.S.) and Islam at that time only. One can capture the body but not the heart or soul. Over the centuries, Ahlul Bayt (A.S.) had touched and captured the hearts of Millions of human beings, whether Muslim or Non-Muslim.