It is an established fact that where there is a right, there is a liability. Hence, in Islam there are three rights; the rights of Allah (Huqooq-Allah), the rights of the “self” (Huqooq-an-Nafs) and the rights of the people (Huqooq-al-Ibaad). Hence, a human being has the liabilities to Allah, to his ‘self’, and to the people.
The Infallible Imam Zain-al-Abedin (a.s.) was the grandson of the Gateway of Knowledge, the Orator of the Pulpit of Sauni” the Infallible Imam Ali (a.s.), a rightful inheritor of his grandfather. This treatise of human rights was given by the Infallible Imam more than 1400 years ago but may be regarded as more comprehensive than the U.N. Charter!
The greatest Right of Allah: The greatest right of Allah against you is that you worship Him without associating anything with Him. When you do that, He will give the sufficiency in the affairs of this world and Hereafter.
The Right of your ‘Self’: You employ your limbs to obey Allah and seek His help in doing so.
The Right of the Tongue: Consider it too noble for obscenity and refrain from meddling in useless and sinful talk. Accustom it to virtue, express kindness to the people and speak well about them.
The Right of the Hearing: Keep it pure from listening to back-biting and other unlawful things.
The Right of Sight: Lower it before everything which is unlawful to see, and take heed when you look at anything.
The Right of the Hand: Do not stretch towards that which is unlawful to you.
The Right of the Legs: Do not walk with them towards that which is unlawful to you so that you do not slip on the Bridge of Siraat and may fall into the Hell Fire.
The Right of the Stomach: Do not eat any unlawful edible and do not eat more than your fill.
The Right of the Private Part: Protect it from fornication and guard against being looked upon.
The Right of your Prayer: You know that it is an arrival before Allah and that through it you are standing before Him. When you know that then you will stand in the station of lowly, beseeching, trembling, hopeful, fearful, and you will magnify Him who is before you through stillness and dignity. You will approach the prayer with your heart and you will perform it according to its bounds and its rights.
The Right of the Hajj: It is an arrival before Allah and a flight to Him from your sins; through it your repentance is accepted and you perform an obligation made incumbent upon you by Allah.
The Right of the Fasting: It is a veil which Allah has setup over your tongue, your hearing, your sight, your stomach, and your private part to protect you from the Fire (of Hell). If you abandon the fast you have will have torn Allah’s protective covering away from yourself.
The Right of Charity (Sadaqa): You know it is storing away with Allah and a deposit for which you will have no need for witnesses. If you deposit it in secret, you will be more confident of it than if you deposit in public. You should know that it repels afflictions and illnesses from you in this world and it will repel the Fire from you in the Hereafter.
The Right of the Offering (the animal sacrificed during Hajj): Through it you desire Allah and you do not desire His creation; through it you desire only the exposure of your soul to Allah’s Mercy and the deliverance of your spirit on the Day you encounter Him.