Tuesday, January 27, 2015

ANGER AND FORGIVENESS

At different situations in life, it is natural to get angry by people’s behavior. Up to this stage it is natural, but how to react to this situation is to a greater extent in our hands. Anger causes stresses which have adverse effects on human body specially the heart. When a man is angry, certain enzymes are released by the body causing a rise in the blood pressure and cholesterol. It increases the demand of oxygen by the heart’s muscles cells and causes stickiness to blood platelets which may lead to the formation blood clots and may lead to heart attack or stroke. Similarly, increase in blood pressure in the arteries is also a contributing factor leading to heart attack. Anger affects nervous system, liver, kidneys and may cause depression. Uncontrolled anger may lead to violence causing severe damage to the person himself or persons near him.
The modern science deals with this situation under “Stress Management”. There are a large number of ways and methods how to manage your stress, which also include forgiveness and meditation.
Turning to our way of life i.e. Islam, Allah, The Creator of human race, knows the causes and grants remedies to mankind.
Surah al-Shurah Ayah 40: “The recompense of evil will be equivalent to the deed. He, who pardons (the evil done to him) and reforms himself, will receive his reward from Allah. He certainly does not love the unjust.”
Surah al-Noor Ayah 22: “The well-to-do and the rich among you should not fail to give to relatives, the destitute, and Emmigrants for the cause of Allah. Be considerate and forgiving. Do you not want Allah to forgive you? Allah is All-Forgiving and All-Merciful.”
Surah al-A’raafAyah 199: “Have forgiveness, preach the truth, and keep away from the ignorant ones.”
The Sunnah of our beloved Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) is in our view, how he forgave people who caused physical and emotional injuries to him. He forgave all the polytheists on the eve of “The Victory of Makkah” who had fought many wars with the Muslims, inflicted inhuman injuries to the people who converted to Islam, forced him to leave his place of birth and migrate to Madinah.
The Commander of the Faithful, the Gateway of the Knowledge, Imam Ali (a.s.) says:
                “Be afraid of your anger, because out of all the weapons of Shaitan, inciting anger (in                    a person) is his strongest (weapon).”
                “I advise you to control anger and do not lose your temper.”
                “Take pride in performing good acts, keeping away from blood-shed, doing justice to                    people, and suppressing anger.”
                “Anger is akin to madness, and the person usually repents; if not, then his madness is                    confirmed.”
The Infallible Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s.) said: “If anyone is angry, he should lie down. If he is angry with one of his blood relation, then that person should touch with his hands the person in anger, then his anger will cool down.
As a general rule, the angry person should immediately change the environment; either goes to a different room or go out of the house and gets some fresh air. When a person gets angry, electric charge is developed in his body. Hence the directive of the Imam to lie down when angry results in discharging the body of the electric charge generated.

Sources used:


The Glorious Qur’an, Nahjul Balagha, al-Kafi of al-Kulayni, WebMD

Sunday, January 25, 2015

IMAM HASAN ASKARI (A.S.)

Imam Hasan Askari (a.s.) was born on 10 Rabiul As-Sani 232AH in Samarra, Iraq.
Asker in Arabic means army. The reason for this name being given to the Imam was that the Abbasid Caliph wanted to impress the Imam with his military strength and he arranged an army parade. After the parade, the Imam asked the Caliph to look between his two fingers. The Caliph saw and was impressed by the army much superior in number to his and he named the Imam as “Askari”
The Imam spent his life from childhood to adulthood in the house where his father, Imam Ali al-Naqi (a.s.) remained house arrest. Even then the Imam continued his duties of preaching and explaining the Glorious Qur’an and the knowledge of Ahlul Bayt (a.s.). The Imam had written a complete Tafseer on Qur’an. Imam’s life was not at peace even during house arrest. He was taken to Baghdad, unnecessarily questioned and imprisoned.
While he was in Baghdad, there was a severe drought. Rain had not fallen for some time. People were facing famine. A Christian priest came to rescue the people. He prayed and it rained. The Caliph was concerned that people may become Christian because of this. The Imam was requested for help. The Imam told them when the priest shows that miracle, he will remove the doubts. Next time when the priest lifted his hands for prayers, the Imam told his companion to get the bone the priest had in his hands. The Imam told them that it was the bone of a Prophet and it was the effect of the bone that when lifted in prayer, Allah’s mercy falls on earth. After this the Imam spread his prayer sheet and performed two rakats of prayers and prayed for rain. Before the Imam’s prayer was finished, it started to rain heavily. As a reward for this, the Imam was allowed to go back to Samarra but still was placed under house arrest.
It was the tragedy of Muslim Ummah that instead of being respectful and thankful to the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) and getting benefits from them, the caliphs in power, due to their own inferiority complexes, subjected the Infallible Imams to imprisonment.
Allama Majlisi had given a detailed account of Imam Hasan Askari’s marriage. Imam Ali al-Naqi wrote a letter in ‘Roman’, enclosed it with 220 Dinars in red purse and gave it to his friend Bashir ibne Suleiman and explained how to escort the grand daughter of the Emperor of Rum. Nargis Khatoon narrated the story to Bashir: “I am a princess. My mother was the vice-gerent of Jesus. My grandfather was anxious to marry me to his nephew. On the day of the proposed marriage, some abnormal events prevented the wedding. One night, I saw a dream in which Jesus and Prophet Muhammad greeted each other and the Prophet asked my hand for his grand son Hasan Askari. When consent was given, the Prophet Muhammad solemnized the wedding. After some time, I had another vision in that Fatima, the daughter of Prophet Muhammad and Mariam, the mother of Jesus told me that I cannot marry Hasan Askari unless I become Muslim. This I accepted and saw Hasan Askari in my dream.” Bashir asked as to how she became a prisoner, she replied: “Hasan Askari told me that my father was planning to send an army against the Muslims, and that I should disguised myself and some of my women servants and go with the army. I did this and before long some army guards captured us.”
 Imam Ali al-Naqi gave her in the custody of her sister Hakima Khatoon. After a few days, Imam Hasan al-Askari was married to the grand daughter of Emperor of ‘Rum’.

Words of Wisdom: The Imam said: “Fear Allah, increase prostrations, be kind to neighbors, associate with your kin and carry out their rights, treat people kindly, mention Allah excessively and remember death, recite the Qur’an and send peace and blessings on Prophet because it has the reward of ten virtuous deeds, generosity has a certain extent and if it is exceeded it is extravagance, economy has a certain extent and if it is exceeded it is stinginess, and courage has a certain extent and if it is exceeded it is recklessness. Death comes unexpectedly. Whoever sows good deeds shall harvest happiness and whoever sows evil deeds shall harvest regrets. Worship is not abundant fasting and praying, but includes deliberating on the Signs of the Magnificent God. What a bad man he is who has two faces and two tongues! He praises his brother when he is present and eats his flesh (back-biting) when he is absent.
Vices have been put in a house and its key is telling lies. He, who praises an undeserving one, becomes as an accused person. Staying up makes sleep more pleasant, and hunger makes food more delicious.  Reaching Allah the All-Mighty is a journey not achieved, except by praying at night.
He said to al-Mutawakkil, the Abbasid Caliph: “Do not expect goodwill from one, whom you have offended, or loyalty from one whom you have betrayed, or sincerity from one which you have suspected, because the hearts of others towards you are like hearts are like your heart towards them. From the disasters that break one’s back is a neighbor who, if sees a good deed conceals it, and if sees a bad deed, spreads it.
(In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful) is closer to the Great Names of Allah than the iris of the eye to its white. Polytheism in people is more inconspicuous than the creeping of ants on a black rock in a dark night.
Once, Muntasar Billah, the Abbasid caliph, visited the holy shrines of Imam Hasan al-Askari (a.s.) and Imam Ali al-Naqi (a.s.) in Samarrah. His vizier suggested to him that he should visit the tombs of his fathers of Abbasid kings, and he agreed. When he reached there, he found the graves dark and miserable where dirt was accumulated. The vizier asked the king to take care and pay money to rebuild these graves, but the Abbasid king asked if he saw the flourishing tombs of the pure Imams? “My fore- fathers associated with Satan and these masters associated with Allah, and all that which is for Allah remains, and all that which is for Satan perishes and disappears.”
 Addressing one of his companions, the Imam said: “Allah the All-Mighty did not deprive the earth since He created Adam, and He will not deprive it until the Day of Resurrection, of an authority over His people. My son, who is named after the Messenger of Allah, will fill the earth with justice and fairness after it has been filled with injustice and oppression. He will hide in an occultation, during which time no one shall be saved except one whom Allah fixes on the belief in his imamat and supplicating Allah to hasten his deliverance.

            Sources used:
            The Fourteen Luminaries of Islam                               by Ahmad Bijandi
            Principles of Sh’ite Creed                                            by Ayatullah Ibrahim Amini
            Story of the Holy Ka’aba and its People                       by S.M.R.Shabbar
            Islam, Faith, Practices, and History                              by Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi


Thursday, January 22, 2015

PROGENY OF PROPHET IBRA'HIM (A.S.)

Our Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) is from the progeny of Prophet Ibrahim (a.s.) through Prophet Isma’il (a.s.), while Prophet Mousa (a.s.) and Prophet Ie’sa (a.s.) are from the progeny of Prophet Isha’que (a.s.).
Prophet Ibrahim (a.s.) was tried and tested by Allah (s.w.t.) and when he was found successful, he was appointed the “Imam” of the people as stated in Surah al-Baqarah Ayah 124: “When his Lord tested Ibrahim’s faith (by His words) and he satisfied the test, He said: “I am appointing you as the leader of mankind.” Ibrahim asked: “Will this leadership also continue through my descendants?” The Lord replied: “The unjust do not have the right to exercise My authority.”
Unjust are the wrongdoers who are unjust to himself or to others.
Allama Muhammad Husayn Tabatabai, the author of the famous Tafseer-e-Qur’an, al-Mizaan, classified wrongdoers into four categories:
(a) Those who are wrongdoers throughout their life.
(b) Those who are wrongdoers in the beginning and became virtuous later.
(c) Those who are virtuous in the beginning but became wrongdoers subsequently.
(d)  hose who are not wrongdoers at any time.
While Prophet Ibra’him was still a young man, he demonstrated Tauheed of Allah by destroying all man-made idols and placed the hammer in the hand of the big idol. When asked who destroyed the remaining idols, he told them to ask the big idol if he could speak! The idol-worshippers threw him in a mammoth fire, but Allah ordered the fire to cool down.

Prophet Ibrahim was happily married to Lady Sarah for a very long time, but they did not have any children. Lady Sarah asked her husband to marry her maid named Ha’jirah and hence Prophet Isma’il (a.s.) was born, when Prophet Ibrahim was about 78 years old.  Later, Allah ordered him to migrate to the Hijaz (present day Saudi Arabia). He arrived in Makkah, which was a barren land at that time. He left his infant son Isma’il and wife Lady Ha’jirah as stated in Surah Ibra’him Ayah 37: “Lord, I have settled some of my offspring in a barren valley near your Sacred House so that they could be steadfast in prayer. Lord, fill the hearts of the people with love for them and produce fruits (sympathy of hearts) for their sustenance so that they may give thanks.”
One of Prophet Ibrahim (a.s.)’s tests was when Allah ordered him to sacrifice his young son Isma’il as stated in Surah as-Saffa’at Ayah 102 to 105: “When his son was old enough to work with him, he said, “My son, I have had a dream that I must sacrifice you. What do you think of this? He replied, “Father, fulfill whatever you are commanded to you and you will find me with patient, by the will of Allah. When they both agreed and Ibrahim laid down his son on the side of the face (for slaughtering), We called to him, Ibrahim, you have fulfilled what you were commanded to do in your dream. “Thus do We reward the righteous ones. It was certainly an open trial. We ransomed his son with a great sacrifice and perpetuated his praise in later generations.”
After the birth of Prophet Isma’il from Lady Hajirah, Lady Sarah gave birth to Prophet Isha’que when Prophet Ibra’him was about 86 years old. Surah al-Ankabut Ayah 27: “We granted Isaac (Isha’que) and Jacob (Yaqoob) to Abraham (Ibrahim) and We bestowed upon his offspring Prophet-hood and the Book. We gave him his reward in this world, and in the next life he will be among the pious ones.”
Prophet Ibra’him died at the age of 175.
Sources used:
The Glorious Qur’an

Ahlul-Bayt.com, al-Huda Foundation

Thursday, January 15, 2015

THE GLORIOUS QUR'AN

It is human instinct to praise and submit to a superior power. In ancient times, men worshipped the sun, the stars etc. As time progressed, man wanted to explore and understand as to who was his Creator and Sustainer. The Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (a.s.) said: “Whoever understand himself understand his Creator.”
Hence it is important to have “Self-Knowledge”. When a faithful Muslim probes about himself, he realizes that he is a precious creation of Allah and not only yet another creation having some basic needs only. He has not only a material body but also a soul and spirit. If we truly understand what a precious being we are, our indescribable potentials, and the heights to which we can rise, then we will not allow ourselves to be shackled by sins.
Imam Ali (a.s.) said in Nahjul Balagha: “Whoever views himself with respect, views his desires with disdain. Keep yourself above every low thing even though it may take you to your desires, because what you will receive in return is nowhere near the worth that which you have to give of yourself. Do not let anything enslave you, for Allah created you free.”
The tragedy of modern times is that we pay very little attention to our souls and spirits, which acts develop our soul and which one rusts our souls. Every action and every word spoken has consequences for our spiritual well-being. Hence, a sinful act has the roots in the spirit and adversely affects the soul.
The Glorious Qur’an is the word of Allah, revealed to the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) during 23 years for the benefit and guidance of humanity. It is a unique book which gives principles and guidelines for individual as well as social needs and development of the society.
The Glorious Qur’an is the authentic Divine word of Allah; its teachings are genuinely original and are exactly the same as revealed to the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). For the understanding of the Glorious Qur’an, it is necessary to have the knowledge of the Arabic language, history of Islam, and the Traditions of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). It is important to remember that we should try to understand the Glorious Qur’an by Qur’an itself; its Ayahs explain and corroborate themselves. The specific mode and style of the Glorious Qur’an may be noticed from the distinction noted between “Ayat-ul-Muhkamat” (the firm verses) and “Ayat-ul-Mutashabihat” (the ambiguous verses). The Ambiguous verses are to be studied and pondered with the help of the firm verses.
A question arises whether the Glorious Qur’an can be studied and understood?
There were some scholars who asserted that only the Prophets and Imams can understand the Glorious Qur’an. The ordinary human beings can only read and recite it. This group was called “Akhbaris”. They regarded Hadees as the only permissible source of fiqh or Islamic Jurisprudence. Besides the Akhbaris, there were other groups who also thought that the Glorious Qur’an is inaccessible to the ordinary human intellect. They thought the real meaning of the verses is the same as the literal meaning. Ash’arites are among them. This approach leads to the personification of God and His physical characteristics like human beings. Opposing this group, another group came into existence that used the Glorious Qur’an to fulfill their selfish ends. The champions of this movement in the history of Islam consist of two groups; the first group is the Isma’ilis (also known as Batinis-secret sect) and the other is the Sufis. As an example, the famous event in the Glorious Qur’an when Prophet Ibrahim sacrificed his son Prophet Isma’il and he was saved by a sheep, the Sufis interpret this incident as : Ibrahim represents here as intellect and reason (Aql), and Isma’il represents  the self (nafs).

In numerous verses, the Glorious Qur’an challenges and encourages mankind to think and ponder over its contents like “What, do they not ponder the Qur’an? Or is it that there are locks upon their hearts?” (47:24). What is required is a just, honest, unbiased, truthful and balanced interpretation free of all traces of selfish interests.

Sources used:

Man and Universe                                                                by Ayatullah  Murtaza Mutahhari
Understanding the Uniqueness of Qur’an                            by Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari

Self Knowledge                                                                    by Mohammad Ali Shomali

Saturday, January 10, 2015

THE NOBLE PROPHET (S.A.W.A.S.)'S MATCHLESS MANNERS

Although there are numerous Ayahs of the Glorious Qur’an praising the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), but some of the Ayahs relating to his excellent manners are reproduced below:
                Surah al-Qalam Ayah 4; “You have attained a great moral standard”
                Surah al-Younus Ayah 128: “A messenger from your own people has come to you.                      Your  destruction and suffering are extremely grievous to him. He really cares about                    you and is very compassionate and merciful to the believers.”
What is the “Sunnah of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.)”?
Sunnah is whatever he did, whatever he prohibited others to do, if in front of him, an act was done and he did not object to it
Appended below are the sayings of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), whose references may be seen in the book given at the end:
I was sent with the most noble and refined character.
Allah distinguished His Prophet with ten character traits; Certainty, contentment, patience, thankfulness, forbearance, good manners, generosity, honor, bravery, and valor.
He used to be the first to greet people, even he used to say salaam to the children.
He would give equal attention to everyone in his company; hence everyone thought that he was dearest to him. He was always cheerful, tender with everyone and not rude to them.
When he shook hands with someone, he would never withdraw his hands until the other person withdrew his hand first and when he was occupied with someone in fulfilling his needs or conversing with him, he would never leave until the person himself left first.
He would divide his attention between his companions; he would look at each one of them equally.
He would smile as he spoke.
He would usually sit facing the Qiblah-Ka’aba.
He would never take revenge for himself, rather he would forgive.
If he did not see his brothers for three days, he would inquire about him, if the person is sick, he would visit him.
Anas served him for nine years but he never asked Anas: “Why did you do this?”
He would prefer his guests over himself by offering his cushion on which he reclined, if the guest refused, he insisted.
When he would enter a place, he would at the nearest space that was available as he entered.
We, the Prophets, have been ordered to speak to the people at their level of comprehension.
My Lord commanded me to be gracious with the people just as He ordered me to perform obligatory actions.
Our way, the way of Ahlul Bayt, is: Forgiving the ones who wrong us and giving to the ones who deprive us.
My Lord commanded me to love the needy from among the Muslims.
Surely, patience, truthfulness, clemency, and good morals are from the “akhlaq” of the Prophets.
Jibra’il descended upon me with a message from the Lord of the Universe and said: “O Muhammad! You must adopt a good character, for a bad character drives away the good of this world and the hereafter. Surely, those who have the greatest semblance to me are those with the best character.
Have I not forbidden you to withhold anything for tomorrow? Verily Allah brings the sustenance for every morrow.
Return what has been committed to your trust.
When a guest came to visit him, he would eat with him, and would not stop eating until the guest had stopped eating, and would accompany the guest to the door when he departs.
When something made him sad, he would take to prayer.
When any Muslim would say: “Salamu Alayka”, he would reply: “Wa Alayka al-Salam Wa Rahmatullah”. If he said: “As-Salamu Alayka Wa Rahmatulla”, The Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) would reply: “Wa Alayka al-Salam Wa Rahmatulla Wa Barkatu”
He wore his ring with the stone facing the inside of his hand and he would look at it often.
Imam Ali (a.s.) said: “The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) never touched the hands of women when they pay allegiance, a bowl of water was brought, he will put his hand in it and withdraw, then the women will dip their hands.”

             Sunan-an-Nabi                                     Allama Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Tabatabai

Friday, January 9, 2015

THE NOBLE PROPHET (S.A.W.A.S.) LEADS THE LIST OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL PERSONS IN HISTORY

According to the Muslim faith, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) was the last Messenger of the Creator to guide the humanity till the Day of Judgment in the light of the Divine Revelation embodied in the Glorious Qur’an.
Michael H. Hart compiled a book in 1978 “The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History”. In that book, he had placed the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) as number one individual who influenced the human beings. A revised edition of the book was published in the year 1992.
Although we do not agree with a non-Muslim’s views about the Messenger and the Glorious Qur’an, but we should appreciate their recognition of his secular and religious influence on humanity.
In the first two paragraphs about the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), Michael H. Hart writes:

                “My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world’s most influential persons may                 surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in                     history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular levels.
                Of humble origins, Muhammad founded and promulgated one of the world’s great                       religions, and became an immensely effective political leader. Today, thirteen                               centuries after his death, his influence is still powerful and pervasive.”
Michael H. Hart explains the reason why he ranked the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) higher than Prophet E’isa or Jesus:
                “How ,then, is one to assess the overall impact of Muhammad on human history? Like                 all religions, Islam exerts an enormous influence upon the life of its followers. It is for                   this reason that the founders of the world’s great religions all figure prominently in                     this book. Since there are roughly twice as many Christians as Muslims in the world,                   it may initially seem strange that Muhammad has been ranked higher than Jesus.                        There are two principal reasons for that decision. First, Muhammad played a far more                 important role in the development of Islam than Jesus did in the development                              of Christianity. Although Jesus was responsible for the main ethical and moral                              precepts of Christianity. It was St. Paul who was the main developer of Christian                          theology, its principal proselytizer, and the author of a large portion of New                                  Testament.
                Muhammad was responsible for both the theology of Islam and its main ethical and                    moral principles. Further more, Muhammad (unlike Jesus) was a secular as well as a                  religious leader. In fact, as the driving force behind the Arab conquests, he may well                    rank as the most influential political leader of all time.” 

Saturday, December 20, 2014

THE INFALLIBLE IMAM HASAN AL-MUJTABA (A.S.)

Imam Hasan (a.s) was born on Ramazan 15, 3AH. The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) gave the new born this name. He was growing under the guidance of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) and the most blessed parents on earth i.e. Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (a.s.) and the Lady of Paradise Sayyida Fatima Zahra (s.a.). Whenever he went to the Mosque, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) would pick him up and would let him sit beside him. Imam Hasan would come home and narrate the wordings of the wahi, the Qur’anic surahs he heard from his grand father to his mother. Sayyida Fatima (s.a.) told Imam Ali (a.s.) about this. The Imam wanted to hear how Imam Hasan describes the revelations. One day Imam Ali (a.s.) came early and stood behind a curtain. When the young Imam Hasan (a.s.) came, started to recite the verses, he hesitated and said that apparently some elder person was watching him; hence Imam Ali (AS) came out and kissed his son.
At the occasion of an Eid, both Imam Hasan and Imam Husayn were very young. They both complained to their mother that next day was the Eid, children of Madinah will wear new dresses, and wondered as to where be their dresses. Sayyida Fatima (s.a.) said that the dresses were being brought by the “Tailor”. She prayed namaz and sought Allah’s help. She was the “Siddiqa” in the light of Ayah Mubahela”. Presently there was knock on the door. When asked who was there? Gibra’eel replied, “I am the Tailor of Hasnain and have brought the dresses.” Green dress was for Imam Hasan, as he would be martyred by poison and red dress for Imam Husayn as he would be martyred at Karbala. Similarly, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) became a camel for Hasnain on Eid day.
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) died when Imam Hasan (AS) was 8 years old. Imam Hasan (a.s.) spent next 25 years with his father Imam Ali (a.s.) and Imam Husayn (a.s.), his younger brother.
This was the period in which conquests of many lands took place. His father and no member of Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) participated in them. Imam Ali (a.s.) and his family formed a Trust and whatever their share of prosperity came to them, they all put into this Trust. The funds were used to help the poor and needy.
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) said, “Hasan and Husayn are the chiefs of the youths of Paradise.” Imam Hasan (a.s.) was also included in the Qur’anic Ayahs of Tatheer and Mubahela.
There are numerous traditions of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) in praise of Imam Hasan (a.s.).
Bani Umaiyyahs very cunningly utilized the general amnesty granted by the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) after the Conquest of Makkah and slowly poisoned the Muslims society. They mercilessly misused the people’s money to consolidate their illegitimate power, made false promises to the influential tribal and military chiefs to accomplish their evil designs. Whoever did not accept their unlawful acts were silenced by their swords. They used these tactics against the legitimate khilafah of Imam Ali (a.s.) and repeated against his sons; Imam Hasan (a.s.) and Imam Husayn (a.s.). This is evident from the change in Muslim society which was culminated within 50 years of the demise of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s). Imam Ali (a.s.) was deprived of his rightful position, next Imam Hasan was isolated and by conspiracy of Muawiya, was poisoned by his own wife Ja’adah. Imam Husayn (a.s.) and his family and friends were mercilessly slaughtered at Karbala depriving them of food and water for three days. The grand daughters of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) were made prisoners, deprived their head covers, made to travel on camels without seats from Karbala to Kufa and then to Demascus.
When the conditions deteriorated, Imam Hasan offered to abdicate the khilafah. Muawiya send a blank paper to Imam Hasan and asked him to write any condition he liked!
Muawiya knew in his heart that he was not going to comply a single term!
Imam Hasan proposed the following conditions:
  1. That Muawiya should rule strictly according to Holy Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.).
  2. That Muawiya should not appoint or nominate any one to the khilafah after him but that the choice should be left with the Muslims.
  3. That the people should be left in peace, wherever they are in the land of Allah.
  4. That the persecution of the companions of Imam Ali (a.s.) should immediately be stopped.
  5. That the cursing of Imam Ali (a.s.) from the pulpit should stop immediately!
  6. That no harm should be done secretly or openly against Imam Hasan (a.s.) or Imam Husayn (a.s.).
Shortly after the treaty was signed, Muawiya spoke to the people at a place called al-Nukhiala and said, “By God, I have not fought against you to make you pray or fast. I fought so that I may have power over you. That treaty is now under my foot. And from now on I will not fulfill anything.”
Muawiya agreed with the wife of Imam Hasan (a.s.), Ju’ada binte Ashas, that if she poisons Imam Hasan (a.s.), he will give her hundred thousand dirham and marry her to Yazid.She poisoned the Imam and he was martyred in Safar 50 AH.
Muawiya sent the promised dinars but did not marry her to Yazid.
Imam Husayn (a.s.) washed the body of his brother and after shrouding the body took the body to his grandfather’s grave but the enemies showered arrows on the body. He was buried in Jannat-ul-Baqi near his mother’s grave.
Sayings of Imam Hasan (a.s.):
There is a famous saying of Imam Hasan, “In regard to the world be as if you are going to live for ever. With respect to the Hereafter, be as if you were going to die tomorrow.”
The Imam was asked numerous questions; “What is forbearance?” He replied, “Restraining ones anger and controlling one’s self.” “What is righteousness?” He replied, “Replacing the bad with the good.” “What is honor?” He replied, “Being kind to one’s relatives and shouldering people’s burdens of sins.” “What is succor?” He replied, “Defending the neighbor, patience in war, and advance during adversities.” “What is glory?” He replied, “Giving while being in debt and forgiving others their offenses.” “What is manliness?” He replied, “Holding on to the faith, keeping one’s self-respect, being merciful, being kind, giving back people’s trusts, and ingratiating oneself to the people.” “What is the distance between right and the falsehood?” Imam replied, “Four fingers. What you see with your own eyes is the right. You may hear a lot of falsehood with your ears.”
Once a Syrian saw Imam Hasan on the horse back and started to curse his father Imam Ali. When the man finished his curses, Imam Hasan went smilingly to him and said, “O old man, I think you are a stranger. Let me know if you need any thing, I will provide you.” The man felt ashamed and broke into tears.
Imam Hasan’s hospitality was famous in Madinah. His dinner cloth was very vast. Different types of tasty food would be prepared for the people but the Imam Hasan would not eat from it. His food was like his father Imam Ali; barley and salt.
Imam Hasan had performed 25 Hajj on foot.