Sunday, October 4, 2015


Hazrat Aqeel (a.s.) was one of the brothers of the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.).
Hazrat Muslim (a.s.) was the son of Hazrat Aqeel (a.s.). He had two sons aged about 10 and 12 years. The name of older son was Muhammad and the younger one was Ibrahim.
There are two versions of their whereabouts before the great tragedy of Karbala. One version states that they were with their father Hazrat Muslim bin Aqeel (a.s.) in Kufa at the time of his martyrdom. The second version says that they were with Imam Husayn (a.s.) in Karbala and subsequently imprisoned in Kufa. Their imprisonment in Kufa is confirmed. They were in the prison for about a year. They underwent extreme hardships. They were provided barley bread and one cup of water every day.
After a year, they talked to each other and decided to disclose their identity to the jailor. When the jailor came to know that they were from Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) and belonged to the Hashemite tribe, he apologized to them and set them free. He also gave them some provisions and direction to go to Madina. As it was becoming dark, they lost their way to Madina. They were tired and exhausted and approached an old woman who was sitting outside her house and requested for shelter for the night. When she learned that they were from the Noble Prophet’s family, she was very kind to them. But she was worried about her son-in-law, Harith who was a supporter of Ibne Ziyad, the governor of Kufa. Earlier, the Governor had proclaimed that two prisoners had escaped from the prison and offered to pay two thousands Dirham to any one who would bring the heads of the sons of Hazrat Muslim bin Aqeel.
The two brothers slept in a dark room. Both of them saw their father in the dream. They woke up and started crying and sharing their dream with each other. Harith had returned home and was sleeping when he heard the crying voices. He searched the whole house and found them. He bound their feet together and attached to a pillar.
Next morning, Harith ordered his slave to take them to the river, kill them and bring back their heads. The slave refused to comply when he learned that the boys belonged with Ahlul Bayt. He asked his son to kill them but he also refused. Finally, the tyrant took the boys to the Euphrates River to kill them. They pleaded with him to sell them as slaves rather than killing them. But he refused to listen. They again pleaded with him to take them to Ibne Ziyad, and let him decide their fate. But the cruel and greedy man would not listen. He said, “I better earn his nearness by spilling your blood and also collect the prize money. They finally requested permission to offer two raka’at prayers, which was granted.
After the prayer, they looked up towards heaven and prayed, “O’ Thou Alive, O’ Thou Wise, O’ Who is the best of all the Judges. Thou judge us and him with justice.” Then the evil man killed the older brother first and threw his head-less body in the river, the body waited for the younger brother. When the younger brother was also killed and thrown his body in the river, then both the bodies swept away simultaneously.
The man wrapped their heads in a cloth and took it to the court of Ibne Ziyad to collect two thousands Dirham in bounty. Their tomb is at Musaiyab, a place about 10 miles from Karbala.
It is to be noted that even the children of Ahlul Bayt remember prayers in the face of any catastrophic death.
It is an irony that Imam Ali at the age of about 11 years offered to help and assist the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.)  and defend Islam at the First Feast in Islam called “Dawat-e-ZulAshira” in Makkah, when Allah directed his Apostle to warn his kin’s and community members. As time passed, Imam Ali (a.s.)’s Zulfiqar saved and protected not only Islam but also the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) in various battles e.g. Uhad, Badr, Khandaq, and Khyber, to name a few. He (a.s.) saved the Prophet of Islam on the night of Hijra by sleeping in the Prophet’s bed. On that night, who ever slept on that bed was sure to be killed. The Quraish were waiting to kill the Prophet in the morning. In return for these valiant and brave services to Islam and the Prophet of Islam, Imam Ali and his Ahlul Bayt were made to pay dearly. This onslaught on the family of Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) reached the zenith at Karbala. Allah says in Surah al-Rahman Ayah 60, “Hal Jaza-al- Ehsaan Illal Ehasn?” meaning: “Can anything else be a response to a favor but a favor?”History narrates that instead of respecting and loving Ahlul Bayt, the Muslims mercilessly killed, tortured and imprisoned the Ahlul Bayt from Imam Ali (a.s.) to Imam Hasan al-Askari (a.s.)!


Saturday, October 3, 2015


A great Sunni Doctor, Allama Shahab-ud-Deen Ahmed, have preserved the entire Sermon of the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.), delivered on the auspicious occasion of the Coronation of the Conqueror of Khyber, the Gateway of Knowledge, the Commander of the Faithful, the Infallible Imam Ali (a.s.), in his famous book titled “Taudih-ed-Dala’el” Following is a condensation of the speech as recorded in “Taudih-ed-Dala’el”:
I offer Praise and Thanks to Allah (s.w.t.) for all His Bounties. I bear witness that there is no God but Allah, and He is One, the Almighty, the Perfect .He has no consort or son, no partner (s), and I am one of His slaves but He chose me as one of His Messenger for the guidance of all mankind. O people! Fear Him at all times and never disobey Him. Remember that Allah’s knowledge encompasses everything.
O Muslims! Beware that when I am gone, there will arise men who will attribute false statements to me and there will be people who will believe in them. But I seek Allah’s protection that I should ever say anything but the Truth and invite you toward anything but what He has revealed to me. Those who transgress in this matter will pay the penalty. At this point, Ibada ibn Samit, a companion, rose and asked: “O Messenger of Allah! When that time comes, whom should we look up to for guidance?” The Messenger replied: “You should follow and obey “The people of my House (Ahlul Bait)” They are the heirs of my apostolic and prophetic knowledge. They will save you from going astray, and they will lead you to salvation. They would invite you toward the Book (Al-Qur’an al-Majid) and my Sunnah. Follow them because they are never in doubt about anything. Their faith in Allah is unshakable. They are the rightly-guided ones; they are the Imams, and they alone can save you from misbelieve, heresy and innovations.
Allah has commanded you to love my Ahlul-Bait. Devotion to them is made mandatory for you (Chapter 42 verse 23). They are the ones who are sanctified (Chapter 33 verse 33). They are the ones endowed with virtues and excellence which no one else possesses. They are the chosen ones of Allah Himself. Now I have been commanded by Allah to make this announcement: At this point he held Ali’s hand, lifted it high and said:
“Know you all, of whomsoever I am the Maula (Master), Ali is his Maula (Master). O Allah! Be You a Friend of him who is a friend of Ali, and be You an Enemy to him who is an enemy of Ali. O Allah! Help him who helps Ali, and abandon him who abandons him.”
The speech was over. Muhammad Mustafa, the Messenger of Allah, had formally and officially declared Ali ibn Abi Talib to be the Sovereign of all Muslims, and had appointed him as the head of the State and Government of Islam.
As soon as this announcement was made, another verse, the last one of the Al-Qur’an al-Majid, was revealed to Muhammad. It reads as follows:
“This day I have perfected for you, Your Religion and have completed My favors on you, and have Chosen for you Islam to be your Religion.” (Chapter 5 verse 3)
It was the 18th day of the 12th month of 10 A.H. (March 21 632 A.D.), when the last word of the Revelation was sent down to this earth. The Revelation started in 610 A.D. in the cave of Hira in Makka, and was brought to a conclusion in 632 A.D. in the plain of Khumm with the proclamation that Ali ibn Abi Talib would be Chief Executive, after Muhammad himself, of the Government of Madina and the State of Islam. Ibn Hajr Asqalani writes in “Isaba” that after making this announcement, the Apostle of God placed a turban on the head Ali ibn Abi Talib, thus completing his Coronation.
All the companions congratulated Ali on this glorious occasion when the Apostle of God himself crowned him and proclaimed him his vicegerent and successor. Among those who congratulated him were Umar bin al-Khattab and the wives of the Apostle.
Hassan bin Thabit Ansari and Qays ibn Ubada Ansari composed verses on this occasion.
Most of the Sunni commentators have conceded that the command of God to His Messenger in the first verse pertains specifically to the declaration that Ali is the Sovereign of all Muslims. Some of these commentators are: Wahidi in Asbab-un-Nazool, Suyuti in Tafsir Durr al-Manthoor, Ibne Kathir, Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, Abu Ishaq Naishapuri, Ghazali in Sirrul Alameen, Tabari in Tarikh -ar-Rusul wal –Mulook, Shaikh Abdul Haq Muhaddith of Delhi, India.
Muhammad did not pick out Ali to be his successor merely because Ali was his cousin, his son-in-law, and his favorite disciple; nor did he pick out Ali because of his personal qualities. Muhammad had very little to do with this choice. The timing of the revelation of the last two verses of Al-Qur’an al-Majid (5:70 and 5:4), the events that transpired during the interval of these two revelations and their correlation, lead the observer to but one conclusion, viz., the choice of Ali as the successor of the Prophet of Islam, was made in Heaven. God Himself Chose Ali.

Source: A Restatement of the History of Islam and Muslims by Sayyid Ali Asghar Razwy

Friday, October 2, 2015


Shia Muslims celebrate 5 Eid: Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Azha, Eid-e-Mubahela, Eid-e-Ghadeer,
Wedding of Lady of Paradise Hazrat Fatima Zahra (s.a.) and Commander of Faithful Imam Ali (a.s.),
Apart from these, the birth days of Chahardah Masoomeen are also days of rejoicings and celebrations are treated as Eid.
On the 17th day of Dhul-Hijjah 10 A.H. the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s) was returning along with over 120,000 Muslims after performing last Hajj, when Archangel Jibra’il descended on earth and brought Sura al-Mai’dah Ayah 67, “O Apostle, deliver what has been sent down to you from your Lord, and if you don’t do it, you have not delivered His message (at all); and Allah will protect you from the people.” By this time, every command of Allah has been delivered to Muslims and nothing was added after this day. A question arises in every mind as to why Allah was threatening His Messenger that if he did not comply with the directive of Allah then it would liquidate his efforts of whole life. The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) died about 70 days after the event of Ghadeer. The last sentence indicates that the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) was apprehensive of the reaction of his people in delivering that message but Allah informed him not to worry, for He will protect His Messenger from the people!
The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) spent about 5 hours at Ghadeer-e-Khumm in the scorching heat of Arabian Desert. He recited about 100 Ayahs of the Glorious Qur’an for about 3 hours. The Messenger declared “It seems the time has approached when I shall be called away (by Allah) and I shall answer that call. I am leaving for you two precious things (thaqalayn) and if you adhere to them both, you will never go astray after me. They are the Book of Allah and my Progeny that is my Ahlul Bayt. The two shall never separate from each other until they come to me by the Pool of Kauthar (in Paradise)” Then the Messenger continued “Do I not have more right over the believers than what they have over themselves.” People cried and answered “Yes, O Messenger of Allah” Then followed the key sentence denoting the clear designation of Imam Ali (a.s.) as the Leader of Muslim ummah. The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) held up the hand of Imam Ali (a.s.) and said “For whoever, I am his Leader (Maula), Ali is his Leader (Maula) .The Prophet continued “O’Allah, love those who love him and be hostile to those who are hostile to him.”
Immediately after the Prophet finished his speech, the following Ayah was revealed, Sura Al-Ma’idah Ayah 3 “Today, I have perfected your religion, completed My favors to you, and have chosen Islam as your religion”. This Ayah clearly indicates that Islam, without clearing up matter of leadership after the Messenger, was not complete, and completion of religion was achieved by the appointment of the Messenger’s successor.
As soon as the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) completed his sermon, Has’san Bin Thabit, the companion and poet of the Messenger of Islam, asked for his permission to compose a few verses of poetry for the newly crowned successor Imam Ali (a.s.) for the audience. The Prophet said “Say, with the blessings of Allah”. Has’san stood up and said “O People of Quraysh, I follow with my words what preceded and witnessed by the Messenger of Allah. He then composed the following verses extempore:
            He calls them on the Day of Ghadeer, their Prophet
            In Khumm so hear (and heed) the Messenger’s call
            He said “Who is your Guide and Leader?
            They said, and there was no apparent blindness clearly:
            “Your God, our Guide, and you are our leader
            And you won’t find from among us, in this, any disobedient”
            He said to him “Stand up O Ali, for I am
            Pleased to announce you Imam and Guide after me
            So whoever I am his leader (mawla), then this is his leader (mawla)
            So be to him supporters in truth and followers”
            Then he prayed “Allah! Be a friend and Guide to his follower
            And be, to the one who is Ali’s enemy, an enemy”
After his speech, The Messenger of Allah asked everyone to give the oath of allegiance to Imam Ali (a.s.) and congratulate him. Among those who did so was Umar bin al-Khattab, who said “Well done, Ibne Abi Talib! Today you became the Leader (mawla) of all believing men and women.”
Allah ordered His Prophet to inform the people of this designation at a time of mammoth congregation so that all become the witnesses and narrators of the tradition, while they exceeded a hundred twenty thousand. Narrated by Zayd bin Arqam: Abu al-Tufayl said “I heard from the Messenger of Allah and there was no one there except that he saw him with his eyes and heard him with his ears”
Some Sunni commentators report that when the first three Ayahs of Sura al-Maa’rij were revealed, a man challenged the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) when he reached Madinah as detailed below:
On the day of Ghadeer, the Prophet summoned the people towards Ali and said “Ali is the mawla of whom I am the mawla. The news spread quickly all over the urban and rural areas. When Harith Ibne Nauman al-Fahri came to know of it, he rode his she-camel and came to Madina and went to the Messenger of Allah and said to him “You commanded us to testify that there is no deity but Allah and that you are the Messenger of Allah. We obeyed you. You ordered us to pray five times a day and we obeyed. You ordered us to observe fasts during month of Ramadan and we obeyed. Then you commanded us to offer pilgrimage to Makkah and we obeyed. You are not satisfied with all this and you raised your cousin by hand and imposed upon us as our master as saying ‘Ali is the mawla of whom I am the mawla.’ Is this imposition from Allah or you?”
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) said “By Allah, who is the only deity! This is from Allah, the Mighty and the Glorious” On hearing this, Harith turned back and proceeded towards his she-camel saying “O Allah! If what Muhammad said is correct then fling on us a stone from sky and subject us to severe pain and torture” He had not reached his she-camel when Allah, who is above all defects, flung at him a stone which struck him on his head, penetrated his body, and passed out through his body and left him dead. It was on this occasion that Allah, the Exalted sent the following verse “A questioner questioned about the punishment to fall. For the disbelievers, there is nothing to avert it, from Allah, the Lord of the Ascent.” (Surah al-Maa’rij Ayahs 1-3)
Some of the opponents of Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) tried to belittle the occasion by interpreting that “Maula” means friend!
In the scorching heat of the desert, making a pulpit of the camel seats, reciting more than 100 Ayahs of the Glorious Qur’an, giving sermon for 5 hours in the light of the Divine threat that if he (the Messenger) did not deliver the Message of Allah to Muslims as if he did not deliver any message and that in consequence of delivering the Message, Allah will protect the Messenger. It is plain and simple logic!

Sources used:

The Glorious Qur’an
Al-Ghadeer                                                                 by Allama Abdul Husayn Al-Amini Al-Najafi


Thursday, October 1, 2015


This Surah was revealed in Makkah. It was reportedly revealed just after Surah al-Zuha. In both the Surahs, some of the Divine Bounties are enumerated for the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.). Three spiritual bounties mentioned in this Surah are; the expression of these bounties, good news for the Messenger that his burden and difficulties of his prophetic mission will be removed soon, and that attention should be paid to Allah alone, and be hopeful and encouraged in worship and supplication to Him. Although, the Surah is Makki but the contents of the Surah were manifested near the end of the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.)’s apparent life. Time is for the creatures but for the Creator, time is meaningless!
                “(Muhammad), did We not comfort your heart”
                “Relieve you of the burden,”
                “Which had been a heavy weight upon your back (by creating Ali ibn Abu Talib to                       help you against your enemies),”
                “And grant you an exalted reputation?”
                “After every difficulty there is relief,”
                “Certainly, after every difficulty there comes relief”
                “When you are free (from your farewell pilgrimage), appoint (your successor)
                “And commit yourself to be in the presence of your Lord”
In the broader sense, the concept of “expansion of sadr” means the expansion of the knowledge of the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) through inspiration and revelation, and the expansion of his patience and perseverance against the sabotage and obstruction of his enemies and opponents. It is in the same light as in Surah Taha Ayah 24: “(Musa) said’O My Lord! Expand me my breast”.  Prophet Musa himself requested for the expansion of his breast. When the Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.)’s life is scrutinized, it is evident that the enormous difficulties faced by him was possible through the Divine assistance of the expansion of his breast.
Another gift of Allah (s.w.t.) to the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) was the removing of the “burden” by appointing a wazir for him. The term “Wizr” means weight and the term “Wazir” or minister is derived from the same term as the wazir or minister takes away the burden of governance from the shoulders of a king, or a president or a prime minister of any country. Hence, the Infallible Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (a.s.) was appointed by Allah (s.w.t.) to relieve the burden of propagation and protection of Islam and history proves that Imam Ali was helping the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) from the “Dawat Zul-Ashira” to his last day in this world. Three years after the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) was appointed for the prophetic mission, he was ordered to invite the close relatives as stated in Surah as-Shua’ra Ayah 214: “Warn your close relatives”. He ordered Imam Ali (a.s.) who was about 11 years old to arrange a feast which was called “Dawat-e-ZulAshirah”, the first feast in Islam where more than 40 members of Quraish were invited. After the feast, the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) invited the people towards Islam and solicited help in the prophetic mission and said: “Whoever helps me in this mission will be my successor, wazir and Wasi” Imam Ali (a.s.) stood up and offered to help him.
As for the exaltation of the reputation and name of the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.), it is sufficient to say that for the last fourteen centuries, the Muslims all over the world had been calling the Unity of Allah (s.w.t.) five times a day and his name is also called in the “Azaa’n”. What a magnificent honor it is! And what a lofty rank higher than this could be thought of! About the appointment of successor, Hafiz Hakim Haskani in Shawahid al-Tanzil narrated that Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq (a.s.) said: “When you finish, appoint the leadership (Wilayah) of Ali (a.s.)”
The famous Ibne Abil Hadid Mu’tazili had narrated in his “Shrah Nahjul Balagha” that Zubair bin Bakar who was neither a Shia of Imam Ali (a.s) nor an enemy of Mua’wiyah, reported from Mughirah bin Sha’bah as: “My father, Mughirah used to praise Mua’wiyah but one night he returned from Mua’wiyah very depressed and worried. On my inquiry, he was cursing Mua’wiyah and said: “Tonight I told Mua’wiyah that he had achieved success and it is time to be fair and judicious towards Bani Hashim because you have no danger from them.” Mua’wiya replied: “What goodness will be left for me now, the first two caliphs had done so much but they are not being remembered. But you see Ibne Abi Kabsha (the Messenger); his name is recited five times in aza’an. Who will remember me? The only way is to bury his name!”

Source: The Glorious Qur’an (Urdu Translation) by Ayatullah Nasir Makarem Shirazi

Sunday, September 27, 2015


Ayatullah Shamsuddin Muhammad al-Maliki al-Amili (r.a.) was called “Shaheed-e-Awwal” meaning “The First Martyr”. He was born in the year 734 A.H. in Jabal al-Amel, an area which is located in present day South Lebanon. He became a Mujtahid at an early age of 35 years and more than 1,000 Mujtahid obtained their permission for Ijtehad from him which is unique! Apparently, he did not perform any ‘Haram’, and ‘Makrooh’ act during his life-time. He was equally proficient in other Sunni Schools of Jurisprudence. Due to the professional jealousy from non-Shia scholars, he was imprisoned for about one year. While in prison, he compiled in 7 days, the famous book on Shia laws of Jurisprudence, al-Lum’ah meaning “The Damascene Glitter”.
Apart from other books, he had also compiled a book called “Forty Hadith”. In hadith number 39; he narrated a hadith from Sheikh Saduq (r.a.) as follows:
                “One of the companions of the Infallible Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq (a.s.), Hammad bin I’esa                    said: “One day Imam Sa’diq (a.s.) said to me: “I hope you perform namaz correctly!” I                         replied: “O my Imam! I have learnt by heart the book “Hariz” about prayer.” The Imam                       said: “Rise up and perform namaz now.” I stood near the Imam facing the House of Allah,                   Ka’ba and recited two rak’at namaz. The Imam said that the namaz was not correct. I felt                     very embarrassed and ashamed. I said: “My life may be ransomed for you; I want to learn                   from you.” The Imam  stood facing Ka’ba while keeping his hands in front on his                         sacred thighs, fingers closed and pointing towards his knees. While standing, he kept                   the distance between the feet as long as three open fingers and pointing straight                             forward. With peace and tranquility he said: “Allaho Akbar” Then the Imam Recited                 Surah al-Hamd and Surah al-Tawheed. After completing Suarah al-Tawheed, he                         paused for a moment and then said: “Allaho Akbar” and went in ruk’u while putting                   his palms on his knees pushing them backwards keeping his fingers open. In this                           position, his back was straight enough that if a drop of water or oil is placed on his                       back, it will stay there. His head was straight in line with the back. Comfortably, he                     recited three times: “Subhana Rabbial Azime Wa Behamdehi” Then he stood up firm                 and said: “SameAllaho Leman Hamedah”. Raised his hands near to his head and                        went into Sajdah while keeping the fingers of the palms closed to one another. He said                  three times:“Subhana Rabbi al-A’la Wa Behamdehi” While in Sajdah, eight parts of                    his body were touching the ground; two palms, two knees, two finger tips of the feet,                    fore-head and nose.
                The Imam said: “It is obligatory (Wa’jib) to place the seven parts of the body on the                  ground; forehead, palms, knees, fingertips of feet. Placing nose on the ground is                            recommended (Sunnah). The Omnipotent Allah said in His Glorious Qur’an: “Verily, the                  mosques are for Allah and do not worship anyone other than Allah”
                After first Sajdah said “Allaho Akbar” sitting by placing his right foot on the sole of his left                foot and said: “Astaghferullahe Rabbi Wa Atoobo Ilaih” and said: “Allaho Akbar” and                 went in Sajdah again. After the completion of first raka’at, the Imam recited the second                        rak’at exactly as the first raka’at then the Imam recited the “Tasha’hud and Salaam” and                 finished the namaz. During the entire namaz, he kept the fingers closed to one another.

                Source used:
                Chehel Hadees (Persian)                                                            by: Muhammad Ali Kusha


Saturday, September 26, 2015


Some phenomenon occurring in nature has uncommon characteristics which create fear among the people. In Islam, Salat al-Ayat has been made obligatory so that man’s attention is diverted towards the Creator of the universe and regard His Power as the source of these changes and occurrences.  
When the son of the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.), Ibrahim died, there was a Solar Eclipse. The people started saying that because of the death of Ibrahim, there was a Solar Eclipse. The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) mounted the pulpit (minbar) and said: “O People! The sun and the moon are the signs of Allah. They run on the respective courses by His command, and they are subservient to Him. Eclipses take place not on account of death or life of anyone. So, if there is Solar or Lunar Eclipse, you offer prayer.”The Infallible Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (a.s.) narrated that his father the Infallible Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s.) said: “Earthquakes, Solar and Lunar Eclipses, strong and dreadful winds, are among the Signs of the Day of Resurrection. Whenever you happen to witness them, think of the Day of Resurrection, seek refuge in the mosques, and stand in prayer.”
 Salat al-Ayat is obligatory on every Muslim, and should be performed at any time as long as he lives. But sooner one performs it, the better. It should be recited on the eve of celestial phenomena like partial or total Solar and Lunar Eclipses, Earthquake, thunder and lightning, red and black strong winds which frightens most of the people. It is obligatory on the Muslims of that particular city where that phenomenon is taking place with intention(niyyah) of “Ada”. It should be recited after the commencement of the event like Lunar Eclipse and before it comes out of the Eclipse. If the Eclipse is ended then the niyyah should be of “Qaza”.  
Method of offering salat al-Ayat:
Salat al-Ayat consists of two raka’at. In each raka’at there are five Ruku. After making the niyyah of offering the salat, one should say Takbir (Allaho Akbar) and recite Surah al-Hamd and any other Surah, and then perform the Ruku. Thereafter, he should stand and recite al-Hamd and any other Surah and then perform another Ruku. He should repeat this action five times, and, when he stands after the fifth Ruku, he should perform two Sajdah, and then stand up to perform the second Raka’t in the same manner as he has done in the first Rak’at. Then he should recite Tashahud and Salam.
If a person doubts as to how many Raka’ats he has offered in Salat al-Ayat, and is unable to arrive at a decision, then his prayer is void, and he should start again.

Sources used:
Islamic Laws by Ayatullah sayyid Ali al-Husayni al-Seestani

Salat al-Ayat by Hujjatal Islam Muhsin Qara’ati

Thursday, September 24, 2015


The story of Prophet Ibra’him (a.s.) and his son Prophet Isma’il (a.s.) is narrated in the Glorious Qur’an in Sura al-Saffat Ayah 99 to 109 as stated below:
“And he said: “Verily, I am going to my Lord, He will guide me. My Lord grant me a righteous son. So We gave him the glad tidings of a forbearing boy. And when he (the son) reached (the age of working) with him, he said: O my son! Verily I see in a dream that I shall sacrifice you. Now see what is your view?’ He said, O my father, Do what you are commanded; you will find me, Allah willing, of the patient ones. So when they both submitted (to our command) and he (Ibra’him) laid him (his son) prostrate on his forehead (for sacrifice), And We called out to him: O Ibra’him! Indeed you have proved true the dream; verily thus do We reward the doers of good! This is indeed the manifest trial. And We ransomed him with great sacrifice. And We left (praise) for him among generations (to come) in later times. Peace be on Ibra’him.”
Hazrat Ibrahim is called the “Father of Prophets”. He was in his seventies but did not have any children with Bibi Sarah. Both were very fond of children. Bibi Sarah advised him to marry their servant Bibi Hajerah (Hagar) so that they can have a baby in the house. Hazrat Ibrahim married Bibi Hajerah and Prophet Ismail was born.
A time came when disagreement grew between his two wives and at last one day Prophet Ibrahim brought Prophet Ismail, who was still an infant and Bibi Hajerah to the place where the present day Makkah is located. He left some food and water for them and departed.
When water was finished, Bibi Hajerah went in search of help. She first climbed the Mount Safa and looked around then ran to the opposite side and climbed the Mount Marwah. She kept on running between these mountains in search of water but found nothing. Hazrat Ismail was dragging his feet on the ground and to her surprise she saw a spring of water erupted near his feet. She quenched the thirst of the baby. During the Hajj, Muslims repeat her act of running between these mountains. The spring is still there and is called Zamzam and Hajjis drink this sacred water and take with them. The Glorious Qur’an Sura al-Baqarah Ayah 58 says: “Safa and Marwa (Names of these mountains) are reminders of Allah. It is no sin for one who visits the Sacred House (In Makkah) to walk seven times between Safa and Marwa. Whoever willingly does a good deed in obedience to Allah, he will find Allah All-knowing and fully Appreciative.”
When Hazrat Ismail grew up then Allah commanded them to reconstruct The House of Allah; The Kaabaa. Hence, these two prophets extended the walls of Kaabaa. Allah then revealed Ayah 26-27 in Sura al-Hajj: “When We prepared for Ibrahim the place to build the Sacred House, We told him not to consider any thing equal to Me and to keep the House clean for those walking around it, those standing, bowing down, and prostrating in prayer. (We commanded Ibrahim), Call people for Hajj. They will come on foot and on lean camels from all the distant quarters.”
When Hazrat Ismail was about 14 years of age, one day Hazrat Ibrahim told him that he had a dream which showed as if he was sacrificing him (Ismail), and asked for his decision. By the way he saw that dream 3 times. Unlike normal people, Prophet’s dreams are real and a command of Allah to do certain act. Hazrat Ismail was also a prophet and he was fully aware that it was a command of Allah. He replied to his father that he should comply with Allah’s command and that, by the Will of Allah, he will be among the patient ones.
Next day Hazrat Ibrahim picked up a knife and a rope and took Hazrat Ismail along with him and both proceeded towards Arafaat, a suburb of Makkah. When Hazrat Hajerah inquired as to why he was taking a knife and a rope, he replied that he might need it at his friend’s house to slaughter a goat. At Mina, Shaytan tried to persuade him to abandon the sacrifice. He refused to listen and as he was bothering the prophet, he threw stone at him (Shaytan) 7 times. During Hajj, Muslims go to the place “Jamaraat” and repeat the sunnat-e-Ibrahimi and they also throw stones 7 times. Prophet Ibrahim had blind-folded himself so that he may not witness the pain and distress of his son. He also tied-up Hazrat Ismail’s hands and legs to reduce struggle during the sacrifice. He placed the knife on Hazrat Ismail’s throat and kept cutting. When he had finished the sacrifice and removed the blindfold, he was both surprised and delighted to see his son was safe. Instead, a goat was slaughtered.
Allah is All-Knowing and is aware of our intentions and in this case also Hazrat Ibrahim was blindfolded and he thought he had sacrificed his son but by Allah’s order he was replaced by a goat.
As mentioned above, Sura al-Saffat verse 107 “We ransomed his son with a great sacrifice”. This great sacrifice was the Martyrdom of Imam Husayn. In Karbala, when Imam Husayn (a.s.) was talking to his son, Hazrat Ali Akbar, The Ismail of Karbala, and forecasted that they all were going towards death. Hazrat Ali Akbar asked “Father, are we not on the Right Path?” When Imam Husayin (a.s.) replied in affirmative then he said “We are not worried about death”. Similarly, when Hazrat Qasim ibne Hasan wanted permission to go to the battlefield to sacrifice his life for his uncle, Imam Husayin (a.s.) asked him “Qasim! How do you see death?” He replied “Sweeter than honey”
For a moment, just compare these youths. Hazrat Ismail was a prophet and when his father narrated his dream about sacrifice in Allah’s path, he replied that in the face of death, he will be found among “the patient ones”. In Karbala, the grandsons of Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (a.s.) were welcoming death!

Once Hazrat Ibrahim inquired from Allah as to how He revives the dead as stated in the Glorious Quran, Sura al-Baqara Ayah 260 “When Ibrahim prayed ‘ Lord show me how you bring the dead back to life,’ the Lord said, ‘ Do you not yet believe? Ibrahim replied ‘I believe but want more confidence for my heart’ Allah told him,’ Take four birds, induce them to come to you, cut and scatter their bodies leaving parts on every mountain top, then call them and they will swiftly come to you.’ Know that Allah is Majestic and Wise.”
The Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (a.s.)’s faith in Allah was at the zenith of faith as he said “There will not be any change in my faith even if the curtains are lifted!”

So every year, Muslims from all over the world congregate in the Holy City of Makkah to perform Hajj and repeat all the above-mentioned acts including running between the Mounts of Safa and Marwa called “Sa’ee”, throwing stones to the three Shaytaan called  ‘Rammi-e-Jamaraat”, slaughters a goat and drink water of Zamzam.
Every Muslim, who can afford should perform Hajj at least once in his life-time. However, every Muslim should slaughter a goat or any allowable (halal) animal every year on the eve of Eid-al-Azha.

Sources used:
The Glorious Qur’an (Urdu Translation) by Ayatullah Nasir Makrem Shirazi
The Glorious Qur’an (English Translation) by Ayatullah Agha H.M.M. Pooya Yazdi