Tuesday, September 27, 2016

THE NOBLE MESSENGER (S.A.W.A.S.)'S LOVE FOR THE INFALLIBLE IMAM HUSAYN (A.S.)

The Noble Messenger Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a.s.) had a daughter Sayyida Fatima Zahra (s.a.), the Lady of Paradise and the Chief of the women of the world. On the divine instruction, he (s.a.w.a.s.) married her to the Commander of the faithful, the Lion of Allah, the Conqueror of Khyber, Imam Ali (a.s.). The Master of Martyrs, Imam Husayn (a.s.) was the second son born out of this sacred wed-lock.
When Imam Husayn (a.s.) was born, the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) asked his aunt Hazrat Safia to bring the new born to him, to which she replied that the baby was not yet cleaned. He (s.a.w.a.s) said: “Do you want to clean him? Surely, Allah, the Exalted, has cleaned and purified him.” Hazrat Asma (s.a.) brought Imam Husayn (a.s.) and gave him to the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.). His face was lit up seeing his grandson. He took him in his arms and recited aza’n in his right ear and Iqa’ma in left ear and he wept. On inquiry from Hazrat Asma (s.a.), he said: “This baby will be martyred by a transgressing party. Allah will never grant them my intercession. ”
On the divine advice, he (s.a.w.a.s.) named the baby as “Shabbeer”, which was the name of Hazrat Ha’roon’s second son. He (s.a.w.a.s.) reared Imam Husayn (a.s.). He used to put his tongue into the mouth of Imam Husayn (a.s.), thus transmitting the piety, excellence of his own personality and knowledge to the new born. Once he (s.a.w.a.s.) was passing near Sayyida Fatima Zahra (s.a.)’s house and he heard Imam Husayn (a.s.) crying, he entered the house and said to her: “Do not you know how I am pained to hear the crying of Husain?”
As he grew, the love of the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) grew. At numerous occasions, the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) increased his prostration in Sala’t (nama’az) as young Imam Husayn (a.s.) had climbed onto his back and he did not want to displease Imam Husayn (a.s.). He (s.a.w.a.s.) used to carry Imam Hasan and Imam Husayn on his shoulders. At one such occasion, one of the companions remarked seeing the two grandsons holding the Prophet’s hair in their hands. He said to the two Imams that they had a nice carrier! The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) remarked that the riders were nice!
Umar ibn Khattab reported that the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “Hasan and Husayn are the Masters of the youth of Paradise. Whosoever loves them loves me and whoever has animosity towards them is my enemy”
The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) loved so much that he said: “Husaino Minni wa Ana Minal Husayn” “Husayn is from me and I am from Husayn” He (s.a.w.a.s.) was aware of the Great Sacrifice his grandson will give to protect Islam and his (s.a.w.a.s.)’s life time efforts and sacrifices. He (s.a.w.a.s.) was also fully aware of the “Truthfulness” of his grandsons. Consequently, he (s.a.w.a.s.) selected them to represent in the divine Ayah of Mubahila where Allah wanted to send them as the “Sons” in the Ayah 33 of Surah al-Ahza’ab which reads as: “If anyone disputes after knowledge has come to you, say, “Let us bring our sons and your sons, our women and your women, and ourselves and your selves and pray to Allah to curse the liars among us.” Consequently, Imam Hasan and Imam Husain were treated by Allah as his (s.a.w.a.s.) sons.
The supreme purity and cleanness of Imam Husayn (a.s.) along with his mother Sayyida Fatima Zahra (s.a.), his brother Imam Hasan (a.s.) and his illustrious father, the Lion of Allah, the Conqueror of Khyber, the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.) was pronounced by the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) when he assembled them under the cloak (Kisa’) and the Archangel Jibra’eel brought the Ayah of Tatheer as stated in Ayah 33 of Surah al-Ahz’ab saying “O People of the House! Allah wants to keep away all kinds of uncleanness from you and to purify you thoroughly”
When the Muslims out of gratifications and thankfulness wanted to the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) pay for the guidance and prophetic duties he performed, Allah directed them through Ayah 23 Surah al-Shura saying”Qul La Asalakum Alaihe Ajran Illal Mawaddata Fil Qurba” “(Muhammad), say, “I do not ask you for any compensation for my preaching to you except (your) love for (my near) relatives.” The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “On my visit of Mai’raj, when I reached near the Paradise, I saw the following phrase written on its gate in gold: “There is no god but Allah, Muhammad is the beloved friend of Allah, Ali is the vali of Allah, Fatima is the servant of Allah, Hasan and Husayn are the chosen ones of Allah, and whoever has enmity with them May Allah’s curse be on them.”

Sources:
The Glorious Qur’an , Bihar-ul-Anwar volume 35 page 405, Maqtal al-Husayn by al-Khwarezmi volume 1 page 14
Al-Islam.org/Encyclopedia chapter 5b/2, The Life of Imam Husain by Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi, Ansarian Publication

Kashf-ul-Mahjoob, Arhaj-ul-Matalib chapter 3 page 313, Fourteen Infallibles

Sunday, September 25, 2016

EID-E-MUBAHILA

In the early days of Islam, Najran was a big center of learning whose inhabitants were idol-worshipers. Subsequently, they accepted Christianity as their religion. Najran is in the modern Saudi Arabia, south of Jeddah. The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) had sent letters to the heads of different countries inviting them to Islam. One such letter was also sent to the bishop of Najran.
It read as follows:
In the name of the God of Ibrahim, Ishaaq and Yaqoob. This letter is from Muhammad, the Prophet and Messenger of                                                         Allah to the Bishop of Najran.
Praise be to the God of Ibrahim, Ishaaq, and Yaqoob. I invite you to worship Allah instead of His servants. I invite you to come out of the rule of servants of Allah and into the rule of Allah Himself.
It is also stated that the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) included the following Ayah of the Glorious Qur’an:
“Say, (O’Muhammad) O People of the Book (Bible), come to an agreement between us and you; that we shall worship none but Allah and that we shall claim no partner to Him, and that none of us shall take others for Lords besides Allah” And if they turn away, then say, “Bear witness that we are Muslims (those who have surrendered to Allah).
This was the event of 10 A.H. Sixty learned priests headed by their chief monk priest, Abdul Masih, came to Madinah and went straight to meet the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) wearing golden ornaments and dressed in silken clothes. The Messenger did not like their attire and turned his face away from them. They inquired from a few influential Muslims for the reason but they did not know the state of his (s.a.w.a.s.)’s mind. The Commander of the faithful, Maula Mushkil-Kusha, Imam Ali (a.s.) came to their rescue and advised them to dress in simple clothes. When they returned wearing simple clothes, the Messenger warmly welcomed them. It may be concluded that appearances and attires show the thinking of the person. They wanted to show pride and high status.
 Following conversation followed:
The Messenger: I invite you to the belief of Tauheed and the worship of one God and submission to His will. (Then he recited Ayah 64 of Surah Aale Imran.)
Abdul Masih: If Islam means faith in one God of the universe, we already believe in Him and follow His commands.
The Messenger: Islam has a few other signs and some of your actions show that you have not accepted true Islam. How do you claim worship of one God when you worship the cross and do not abstain from eating pork and believe that God has a son?
Abdul Masih: Certainly he [I’sa (a.s.)] was the son of God because his mother Mary [Mariyam (s.a.)] had given birth to him without marrying anyone in the world. Therefore, obviously his father is the God of this universe. And also because he used to bring the dead back to life, cure the sick and create birds from clay and make them fly. It shows that he is God.
The Messenger: No, he was the servant and creature of God, and placed in the womb of his mother Mariyam (s.a.). All his power and strength was granted to him by God.
At this time, Archangel Jibra’eel brought the following Ayah 59 of Surah Ale Imran:
“Surely, the example of I’sa to Allah is like that of Adam; He created him from dust and then said to him, “Be” and he was”

It means that if Isa (a.s.) could be called the son of God because he was born without father, then Adam (a.s.) deserves this title more because he was born without a father and a mother. The priests could not reply to this argument and continued to argue out of obstinacy.
Then the following Ayah 61 of Surah Ale Imran was revealed:
              “And whoever argue with you in this matter after what has come to you of knowledge then say, come, let             us call our sons and your sons, and our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves, then let us             humbly pray (to our Lord) and invoke the curse of Allah upon the liars” 
The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) produced this verse before the priests and challenged for “Mubahilah”. The priests consulted each other and accepted the challenge. It was agreed that the two parties' contest would take place the next day in the open desert outside Madinah. On 24th Zilhajj, the the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) came out for Mubahilah. He was holding Imam Husayn (a.s.) in his arms, and held Imam Hasan (a.s.) by his hand; Lady of Paradise Sayyida Fatima Zahra (s.a.) was behind him, while the Lion of Allah, Imam Ali (a.s.) was behind her. The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) said to them, “When I pray for curse of Allah, you should say Ameen”.
In compliance of the Ayah of Mubahela, the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) brought Imam Hasan and Imam Husayn (a.s.) as his “SONS”, Sayyida Fatima Zahra (s.a.) in place of “WOMEN” while he could have brought three women, and Imam Ali (a.s.) as his “SELF “while the Ayah had the accommodation for three.
The priests, by seeing these shining faces emitting light, were spellbound. Their hearts trembled and they began to shake on seeing the light radiating from the faces of The Sacred Panjetan (a.s.).
Their leader asked: “who are these persons who have come with Muhammad”
A man told their names and their relationship with the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.). He could no longer hold his patience and cried out:
“By God, I am seeing such faces that if they were to pray to God to move the mountain, God Almighty would move the mountain for them. O You People of Najran, if you contest with Muhammad in this prayer of invoking curses on the liars, then I warn you that all of you will be destroyed and not a single soul will remain on this earth. I feel that it would be better to surrender to them and obey them
After the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) heard these words, he later remarked:
“By God, had the Christians of Najran contested with us, they would have been transformed into monkeys and swine. Fire would have rained over them”  
It is a historic event of a unique triumph of Islam. This event unquestionably established the truth about Islam and the spiritual purity of the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.). It proved beyond doubt as to who were the members of The House of the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) and their “unquestionable Truthfulness!”
There is a point to be remembered here that in Arabic language the plural tense is used for more than three persons. Allah had provided the place for three or more than three persons in the categories of “SONS”, “WOMEN”, and “SELVES”. But the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) had to decide as to who were the persons who were “TRUTHFUL and never lied in their life time, because Mubahilah would bring up Allah’s wrath on the “LIARS”. It was a crucial test for IslamHence, he picked-up Imam Hasan (a.s.) and Imam Husayn (a.s.); only two persons for the place in “SONS”. While in the place of “WOMEN”, he picked-up only his daughter, The Lady of Paradise, Sayyida Fatima Zahra (s.a.). Similarly, in the place of “SELVES”, he picked up The Conqueror of Khyber, Imam Ali (a.s.).

After the sad demise of the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.), when Sayyida Fatima Zahra (s.a.) claimed her gifted property of Fidak, which was given to her by her father, the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.), the Caliph did not accept her testimony, that of Imam Ali (a.s.) nor Imam Hasan (a.s.) and Imam Husayn (a.s.). These were the same Panjetan, whose Truthfulness was accepted by Allah on the eve of Mubahilah!

Thursday, September 22, 2016

THE YOUNG MARTYRS OF HAZRAT MUSLIM BIN AQEEL (A.S.)

Hazrat Aqeel (a.s.) was one of the brothers of the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.).Hazrat Muslim (a.s.) was the son of Hazrat Aqeel (a.s.). Hazrat Muslim (a.s.) had two sons aged about 10 and 12 years. The name of older son was Muhammad and the younger one was Ibrahim.
There are two versions of their whereabouts. One version states that they were with their father Hazrat Muslim bin Aqeel (a.s.) in Kufa at the time of his martyrdom. The second version says that they were with Imam Husayn (a.s.) in Karbala and subsequently imprisoned in Kufa. But it is confirmed that they were in Kufa and imprisoned. They were in prison for about one year. They underwent extreme hardships. They were provided barley bread and one cup of water every day.
After a year they talked to each other and decided to disclose their identity to the jailor. When the jailor came to know that they were from Ahlul Bayt and belonged to the Hashemite tribe, he apologized to them and set them free. He also gave them some provisions and direction to Madina. As it was becoming dark, they lost their way to Madina. They were tired and exhausted and approached an old woman who was sitting outside her house and requested for shelter for the night. When she learnt that they were from Prophet’s family, she was very kind to them. But she was worried about her son-in-law, Harith who was a supporter of Ibne Ziyad, the governor of Kufa. Earlier, the Governor had proclaimed that two prisoners had escaped from the prison and offered to pay two thousands Dirham to any one who would bring the heads of the sons of Hazrat Muslim bin Aqeel.
The two brothers slept in a dark room. Both the brothers saw their father in the dream. They woke up and started crying and sharing their dreams with each other. Harith had returned home and was sleeping when he heard the crying voices. He searched the whole house and found them. He bounded their feet together and attached to a pillar.
Next morning, Harith ordered his slave to take them to the river, kill them and bring back their heads. The slave refused to comply when he learnt that the boys were from AhlulBayt. He asked his son to kill them but he also refused. Finally, the man took the boys to the Euphrates River to kill them. They pleaded with him to sell them as slaves rather than kill them. But he refused. They again pleaded with him to take them to Ibne Ziyad, and let him decide their fate. But the cruel and greedy man would not listen. He said, “I better earn his nearness by spilling your blood and also collect the prized money. They finally requested permission to offer prayer, which was granted.
After the Salaat, they looked up towards heaven and prayed, “O’ Thou Alive, O’ Thou Wise, O’ Who is the best of all the Judges. Thou judge us and him with justice.” Then the evil man killed the older brother first and threw his head-less body in the river, the body waited for the younger brother. When the younger brother was also killed and thrown his body in the river then both the brothers bodies swept away simultaneously.
The man wrapped their heads in a cloth and took it to the court of Ibne Ziyad to collect two thousands Dirham in bounty. Their tomb is at a place called Musaiyyab, about 10 miles from Karbala.
It is to be noted that even the children of Ahlul Bayt also remembered prayers in the face of any catastrophe.

It is an irony that Imam Ali at the age of about 11 years offered to help the Holy Prophet to assist him and defended Islam at the First Feast in Islam called “Dawat-e-ZulAshira” in Makkah, when Allah directed his Prophet to warn his kin’s and community members. As time passed, Imam Ali(A.S.)’s Zulfiqar saved and protected not only Islam but the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) at the battles of Uhad, Badr, Khandaq, and Khyber, to name a few. He saved the Messenger of Islam on the night of Migration (Hijra) to Madinah by sleeping in the Messenger’s bed. On that night, who ever slept on that bed was sure to be killed. The Quraish were waiting to kill the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) in the morning. In return for these valiant and brave services to Islam and the Messenger of Islam, Imam Ali and his Ahlul Bayt were made to pay dearly. This onslaught reached the zenith at Karbala. Allah says in Qur’an Surah al-Rahman Ayah 60, “Hal Jaza-al- Ehsaan Illal Ehasn?” meaning is it not the reward of gratefulness or favor, gratefulness? History narrates that instead of respecting and loving Ahlul Bayt, the Muslims mercilessly killed, tortured and imprisoned the Ahlul Bayt from Imam Ali (a.s.) to Imam Hasan al-Askari (a.s.)!

Wednesday, September 7, 2016

HAJJ, ITS BACKGROUND AND PHILOSOPHY

Muslims, who are physically and financially capable, are required to perform pilgrimage to Makkah at least one time in their life time. Muslims from all over the world converge on Makkah during the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah. It is the worship made obligatory by Allah in recognition of the events surrounding Prophet Ibra’him, young prophet Isma’il and his mother Hazrat Hajirah. As instructed by Allah (s.w.t.), Prophet Ibra’him left his suckling child Isma’il and wife Hazrat Hajirah in the barren desert of Hijaz where the present city of Makkah is situated. When the small quantity of water finished and the baby was crying with thirst, Hazrat Hajirah searching for water ran between the small mountains of Safa and Marwah. Allah miraculously produced the spring of Zamzam from the place where Isma’il rubbed his heels. In the desert when water is found, caravans of people started arriving and settled and thus modern city of Makkah is inhabited. Later prophet returned to Makkah and raised Isma’il. When he was about 14 years old, Prophet Ibra’him dreamed that he was slaughtering his son Isma’il. He told his son about the dream and the son knew that it was the order of Allah hence he agreed to be sacrificed. Both father and son proceeded towards Mina and Shaytan tried to dissuade Prophet Ibra’him from sacrificing his son. Prophet Ibra’him threw pebbles towards him. He blind-folded himself and tried to slaughter his son when Allah accepted his selfless sacrifice and replaced Isma’il with a goat.
All the acts performed by the pilgrims during Hajj represent different actions of this family.
The philosophical aspect of Hajj may be divided into four dimensions; ethical, political, cultural, and financial.

THICAL: When the hajji wears “ihram”, he is removed from the material world and its attachments and moves closer to his Creator. As he performs different parts of Hajj, he slowly travels towards light, purity and spirituality.
“One who performs Hajj completely and perfectly becomes free of sins just as he was on the day when his mother gave him birth.” (Bihar-ul-Anwar volume 99 page 26) While performing Hajj, he should visualize the persons involved i.e. Prophet Ib’rahim, Prophet Isma’il, Hazrat Hajira at different situations. Remember the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.), the Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (a.s.) and other Infallible Imams (a.s.) in Makkah and Madina.

POLITICAL: The essence of worship is attention towards Allah, while the essence of politics is attention to the creation of Allah-and these two aspects are observed to be as closely intertwined in Hajj as the yarns in a fabric!
Islam is a religion emphasizing on community. Congregational prayer is recommended compared to praying at home. Similarly, Friday prayer has been given more importance. Likewise, Eid prayers are organized in the central Jama Masjid where Muslims from different parts of a city assemble exhibiting a sense of cohesion and unity. Hajj is the largest congregation of Muslims meeting once a year coming from all over the globe. It is an effective factor in establishing unity among all Muslims irrespective of color, ethnicity, nationality social status etc. It is intended that Muslims share their problems, learn from one another to resolve them. The Infallible Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (a.s.) said in “Nahjul Balagha” saying # 252: “Allah has ordained (the rituals of) Hajj for the purpose of strengthening the religion.”

CULTURAL: It is an interaction between the various segments of the global Muslim society during the Hajj which is an effective factor for cultural exchange and transfer of thoughts and ideas. During the early part of Islam, Hajj provided a golden opportunity for Muslims from all over the world to meet the Infallible Imams (a.s.) and discuss their problems. Another benefit of the Hajj was the spread of the traditions of the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.). The greatest benefit of the Hajj is the show of strength of the gigantic unity and congregation of Millions of Muslims making a deterrent to the enemies.

FINANCIAL: Hajj gathering of the Millions of Muslims offers a golden opportunity to form a joint common market, make any type of financial transactions, and utilize the natural resources of the Ummah for their betterment. Ayah 198 of Surah al-Baqarah says: “There is no blame on you in seeking bounty from your Lord.”
Hajj is an expansive field for self-development, self-rectification and Greatest Battle with self (Nafs)

Sources used:

The Glorious Qur’an, Secret and Philosophy of Hajj by Ayatullah al-Uzma Sayyid Nasir Makarim Shirazi

Sunday, September 4, 2016

THE LUNAR MONTH OF DHUL HIJJAH

All Islamic activities are performed following the Lunar Calendar, whose first month is Muharram and the last month is Dhul Hijjah, which is the twelfth month. As everyone knows that Lunar Calendar month is either of 29 days or 30 days.
The important events which occurred during this month are:
The Nikah of Sayyida Fatima Zahra (s.a.) with Imam Ali (a.s.)                                        1 Dhul Hijjah
Martyrdom of the Infallible Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s.)                                          7 Dhul Hijjah
The Infallible Imam al-Husayn (a.s.), the King of Martyrs, left Makkah for Karbala       8 Dhul Hijjah
Day of Arafah                                                                                                                     9 Dhul Hijjah
Martyrdom of Hazrat Muslim Ibne Aqil (a.s.), the ambassador of Imam Husayn (a.s.)  10 Dhul Hijjah
Eid-ul-Adha                                                                                                                       10 Dhul Hijjah
Birth Day of the Infallible Imam Ali al-Naqi (a.s.)                                                           15 Dhul Hijjah
Eid-al-Ghadeer, the Day of Coronation of Imam Ali                                                        18 Dhul Hijjah
Sayyidah Fatima Zahra (s.a.) went to the house of Imam Ali                                           19 Dhul Hijjah
Eid-al-Mubahila                                                                                                                25 Dhul Hijjah

In Islam, the birth days of the twelve Infallible Imams are celebrated as Eid which is a joyous occasion.
Similarly, the Martyrdom of the Twelve Infallible Imams is commemorated as the Days of Mourning as they were martyred in the Path of Allah (s.w.)
The Day of Arafat and the Eid-al-Adha form the Days of Hajj, which needs a detailed discussion.

EID-E-GHADEER: On 17 Dhul Hijjah 10 A.H., The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) was returning from Makkah along with over 120,000 Muslims after performing last Hajj, when Allah (s.w.t.)’s messenger Jib’raeel descended with Ayah 67 of Surah al-Ma’idah saying: “O Apostle! Deliver what has been sent down to you from your Lord, and if you do not do it, you have not delivered His message (at all); and Allah will protect you from the people.” The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) had already delivered almost the entire Glorious Qur’an, all commands of Islam like salaat, fasting, poor tax, Hajj etc. He (s.a.w.a.s.) died after 70 days of his memorable sermon at Ghadeer which means nothing more was to be delivered to the Muslims. He (s.a.w.a.s.) spoke for 3 hours in the scorching heat of the desert and ultimately delivered the message reminded by Allah (s.w.t.). He (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “Man kuntu Maula fahaza Aliun Maula-For whomever, I am his leader, Ali is also his leader.” Immediately Ayah 3 of Surah al-Ma’idah was revealed saying: “Today, I have perfected your religion, completed My favors to you, and have chosen Islam as your religion.” It is abundantly clear like crystal that Islam was incomplete without the confirmation of the successor of the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.). He (s.a.w.a.s.) ordered everyone present to pay allegiance to Imam Ali (a.s.) among whom the second caliph Omar bin al-Khattab also congratulated Imam Ali (a.s.). The details may be seen in my article “Eid-e-Ghadeer”

EID-E-MUBAHILAH: The Christians of Najran, a city in Arabia, visited the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) and argued at length with him but did not respond to his arguments which were supplemented by Ayah 59 of Surah Ale Imran saying: “Surely, the example of I’sa to Allah is like that of Adam; He created him from dust and then said to him “Be” and he was.” It means that if I’sa was called son of God because he was born without a father, then Adam deserved to be called a son of God because he was born without a father and a mother. When the arguments failed then Ayah 61 of Surah Ale Imran was revealed saying: “And whosoever argue with you in this matter after what has come to you as knowledge then say, come, let us call our sons and your sons, and our women and your women, ourselves and your selves, then let us humbly pray (to our Lord) and invoke the curse of Allah upon the liars.” For details, please see my article “Eid-e-Mubahila” The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) brought Imam Hasan and Imam Husayn as his sons (he could have brought 3 or more), Sayyidah Fatima Zahra (s.a.) to represent “women” (he could have brought 3 or more) and brought Imam Ali (a.s.) as his “Nafs”. The priests from Najran did not do Mubahilah.
Also please see my article “The wedding of Sayyidah Fatima Zahra (s.a.) with Imam Ali (a.s.)


Sources used: The Glorious Qur’an, Al-Ghadeer by Allama Abdul Husayn al-Amini, WIKIPEDIA

Saturday, August 27, 2016

IMAM ALI (A.S.) IS THE CHIEF OF THE WORLD

George Jordac, a Lebanese Christian authored a book in Arabic titled “Sautul Adalatil Insaniyah” translated in English as “The Voice of Human Justice” and was published in 1987 (second edition) by The Islamic Seminary under the patronage of His Eminence Ayatollah al-Uzma As-Sayyid Abul Qasim al-Musavi al-Khu’i.

Excerpts from the last chapter of the book titled “Let them mourn”, is reproduced below:
“A stranger is sitting in a corner of the world. Time did not recognize him. This stranger used to spend everything he possessed on others but did not seek anything from them. He was subjected to great oppressions, but he never thought of revenge. He forgave his enemies after gaining victory over them. He never did any injustice to his enemies and never performed any unlawful act for the sake of his friends. He was the helper of the weak, the brother of the indigent, and the father of the orphans. He was an erudite, and extremely forbearing. However, his heart was full of grief. His majesty and loftiness were resounding in all the mountains and deserts. He cut off the heads of big giants but was himself overcome by love and kindness. During day time, he administered justice and enforced the divine laws and in the darkness of the night, he wept bitterly for the sake of the indigent and helpless. He was stranger whose thundering voice made the oppressors tremble when any oppressed person approached him with a complaint. Whenever a man complained to him his sword flashed like lightening and consumed the darkness of the deceitful. He was stranger on the face of the earth whose word was true and correct. He wore coarse dress and walked meekly. He was stranger and a lovely person who suffered all sorts of hardships so that the people might remain happy. He sought the welfare of the people in this world and in hereafter although they always grieved and harmed him. Who was this unique and angelic person whose enemies denied his virtues on account of their envy and avarice and whose friends deserted him on account of fear? He fought alone against corruption and destruction. He was never enamored of victory.
Who could this unique person be except Ali, the vexed and distressed Commander of the Faithful? That night he reviewed his entire life. He remembered that from his boyhood, his sword made the Quraysh tremble and he did his best to spread Islam. He remembered the night of migration when he slept in the bed of the prophet under the shadow of the swords of the Quraysh with the hope that the polytheists would be mistaken and would not harm the prophet. He remembered the time when the prophet came to his house one day while he was asleep. Fatima wanted to awaken him but the prophet said: “Let him sleep, because after me he will be deprived of sleep for a long time!”  He recollected the time when the prophet had said: “O Ali! God had adorned you in the best manner. He has endowed you with the love for the poor and the helpless. They will be happy to make you their Imam and you will be pleased to see them as your followers.” He also recollected the faces of the companions of the prophet who used to say: “During her time of the prophet we could identify the hypocrites because of their enmity with Ali.”
Ali recollected his own friends like Abu Zar Ghifari, the distinguished companion of the prophet who could not tolerate that the human life should be insulted and hence stood up to oppose oppression and injustice. In the time of the third caliph, he opened a campaign against the Bani Umayyah. As a consequence, he was exiled to a barren place called Rabazah, where his children died before his own eyes. Abu Zar died of hunger, whereas Bani Umayyah had the entire wealth of the earth at their disposal.  Similarly, he remembered his pious and faithful brother Ammar Yasser who was martyred by a rebellious and oppressive group in the Battle of Siffin.
The eagles were sitting in their nests with their heads cast down, because on the following day their feathers were going to fall and they were to go in mourning for the chief of the world.
     
 Source:

                The Voice of Human Justice                                                                        by George Jordac

Monday, August 22, 2016

TRADITIONS COMMUNICATED BY THE INFALLIBLE IMAM ALI AL-REZA (A.S.)

The traditions reported by any of the Infallible Imams of the Progeny of the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) are the most authentic because every member of the “Golden Chain” were the Infallible Imams because the chain of narrators goes upwards that any Imam when he narrates a tradition had heard from his father who was also an Infallible Imam.

Reproduced below are the two traditions as narrated by the eighth Infallible Imam, Imam Ali al-Reza (a.s.):
“The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “One who desires a long life and increase in his livelihood should exhibit goodness towards his parents and establish bonds of kinship with his relatives.”
The Glorious Qur’an emphasizes about the status of parents in the following Ayahs: Surah al-Baqarah Ayah 83 and 180: “We made a covenant with the children of Israel that they should not worship anyone except Me, that they should serve their parents, relatives, orphans and the destitute….” and “If one of you facing death can leave a legacy, he should bequeath it to his parents and relatives, according to the law.”
Surah al-Nisa Ayah 36: “Worship Allah and consider no one equal to Him. Be kind to your parents, relatives, orphans, the destitute, your near and distant neighbors…..”
Surah al-An’am Ayah 151: “(Muhammad), say, “Let me tell you about what your Lord has commanded :Do not consider anything equal to Allah; Be kind to your parents; do not murder your children out of fear of poverty for We give sustenance to you and to them. Do not even approach indecency either in public or in private. Take not a life which Allah has made sacred except by way of justice and law. Thus does He command you that you may learn wisdom.”
Followers of other religions presume that keeping away from society and praying in seclusion enhances piety and virtues. But Islam is a religion which lays more emphasizes on family and community. Prayers in mosques and in congregation are recommended. The bottom line is caring and sharing with our families, kin, neighbors, community members.  
As for the increase in the life-span, two actions have been recommended by the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) and his Progeny (a.s.); one is the “sadaqa” and the other is the “Silae Rahm” or good behavior with the kin. Kin include all near and far relatives. Silae Rahm includes; being in contact with them, extend every possible help and assistance, financial or otherwise, visits if they are sick, caring for their social and emotional needs.
“The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “The elder brother in a family holds the position of the father.”
If the siblings are minor, the elder brother should provide the comfort of the home as his father would have provided. He should feed them, be kind to them, provide every possible comfort of life, think of their safety and security, and protect them from any danger from outside. Provide financial support for clothing, schooling etc. Provide all and every care so that they may not miss their father.
If the siblings are adults, the elder brother should be supportive in all their needs; financial, emotional and psychological. He should become their friend so they ma confide in him and share their problems and concerns. 
The siblings in turn respect his elder brother, follow his advises and take care of him.

  Sources used:

 The Glorious Qur’an (English Translation)              by Ayatollah Agha H.M.M. Pooya Yazdi
 The Glorious Qur’an (Urdu Translation)                 by Ayatollah Nasir Makarem Shirazi
 The Glorious Qur’an (Urdu Translation)                 by Ayatollah al-Uzma Sayyid Muhammad                                                                                                    Husayn Tabatabai
 The Glorious Qur’an (Urdu Translation)                 by Maulana Sayyid Farman Ali

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