Saturday, August 29, 2015

SURAH AL-JUMAH AND THE IMPORTANCE OF THE JUMAH CONGREGATION

Surah al-Jumah was revealed in Madinah and it has 11 Ayahs. This surah basically revolves around “The Unity” of Allah and the importance of the Jumah Congregation in Islam. If we look at a different angle, this surah addresses the other aspects e.g. the prayers of all and every creatures of Allah, the purpose of the prophet hood of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.s.) to educate and enhance the morals of humanity, warnings to the Muslims not to be distracted from the principles of Islam as the Jews were distracted from their original Message, the general laws of the death being the window towards the permanent abode, strict directives about the attendance in the Jumah Congregation and suspension of all other activities during the Jumah prayer and the sermon by the imam of prayers.
According to a tradition of the Messenger of Islam (s.a.w.a.s.), who said: “Whoever recites Surah al-Jumah, Allah will grant him the virtues equal to ten times the number of the Muslims who attended the Jumah congregations and even those who did not attend the congregation.”
In yet another tradition it is stated that if a person recites this surah daily, he will be safe from every dangerous and frightening thing.
The reason of the advent of the Messenger of Islam is elaborated in Ayah 2 which says: “He it is Who sent amongst the unlettered ones a Messenger from among themselves to recite unto them His Ayahs, to foster them and absolved them of polytheism and discord, and teach them the Heavenly Book and Wisdom. And indeed, they had been formerly in manifest error.”
As for the Blessings of Allah, as referred in Ayah 4, there is tradition that once the not so wealthy Muslims approached the Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) and complained that unlike the wealthy people who can perform Hajj, they did not have resources to go for Hajj, unlike the wealthy, who can pay to liberate the slaves, they cannot do that. The Messenger said: “a person who recites “Allah-o-Akbar” 100 times is more blessed than the one who gets the release of a slave, one who recites “SubhanAllah” 100 times is more blessed than the one who arranges for 100 horses for Jihad, and the one who recites “La Ilaha Illallah” 100 times is more blessed than the virtuous deeds of all the people on that day.” 
Referring to the Jews, Allah says that their carrying Torah but not practicing it is like burdening books on a donkey. And if Jews thought that they were the friends of Allah, and then should wish for death but because of the deeds they had sent to Allah, they will not wish for death.
The call for Jumah prayer is expressly mentioned in Ayah 9 to 11: “O you who believe! When the call is proclaimed for the Friday prayer, hasten toward the remembrance of Allah and leave off the business. That is better for you if you did know. Then when the prayer is ended, you are free to disperse through the land and seek Allah’s Bounties and remember Allah much that you may be saved. And when they see some merchandise or some amusement, they disperse headlong to it and leave you standing (while reciting your sermon). Say, that which Allah has (of Bounties and Blessings) is better than any amusement or merchandise! And Allah is the best of the providers.”                     
  Prayer in congregation gives the Muslims both worldly and spiritual benefits as stated below:
1.       Islamic Unity: In the congregation, rich and poor, high and low, all stand shoulder to shoulder. This destroys the haughtiness of the rich and creates self-respect in the poor.
2.       Unity: In the congregation prayer, all have one niyyah (intention), one language and identical actions.
3.       Love and Co-operation: People meet one another in the congregation prayers. They know the hardships and worries of each other and try to help. New things are known, mutual love develops and circle of friendship is widened resulting in an opportunity to learn from other’s experience and mould their lives accordingly.
4.       Discipline: We stand in rows follow the imam of jama’ah and practice obedience to commands.
5.       Prestige of Islam: Our mosques thrive due to the congregation of prayers. It enhances the prestige of Islam and the unity of Muslims affects greatly the enemies of Islam.
6.       Limitless Reward: The Messenger of Islam (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “If there are only 2 people in a congregation, every rak’at gets the reward of 150 prayers. The reward is increased by the increase in the number of people praying. Thus in a jama’ah prayer of 3 persons, every rak’at gets the reward of 600 prayers. With each increase of the number of people, the reward doubles. Hence, if there are 10 persons, every rak’at gets the reward of 72, 800 prayers. If there are more than 10 people, then nobody can estimate its reward, except Allah. 

Sources used:    Fawaid-e-Qur’an by Sayyid Mustafa Musawi,
                          Elements of Islamic Studies by Allama Saeed Akhtar Rizvi
                          Enlightening Commentary of Light in Qur’an

Wednesday, August 26, 2015

KHALID BIN WALID

Khalid bin Walid was the son of Walid bin al-Mughirah, who belonged to the tribe of Banu Maghzum. His father was the wealthiest man of his time. His father Walid al-Mughirah used to say, “Should the Qur’an and the Prophetic mission be revealed unto Muhammad, the indigent while I, the master of and the greatest among Quraish, be left out?”
Khalid grew up bearing animosity towards Islam and the Prophet of Islam. Hence he participated in each and every war waged against the Messenger of Allah. He raised a huge army and financed it from his own wealth to fight in the Battle of Uhad, lying in ambush to kill the Allah’s Messenger.
After seeing the Messenger of Allah had become invincible and people were accepting Islam in large numbers, he also accepted Islam 4 months before the “Conquest of Makkah”. Contrary to the clear instruction of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.s.), he killed 30 people on the day of the Conquest of Makkah.
On yet another occasion he disobeyed the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.s.) when he was sent by the Messenger to Banu Khuzaymah to invite them to Islam but did not ask him to fight anyone. Yet Khalid went there and afflicted them with treachery even after their declaration of acceptance of Islam, by asking them to lay down their arms, still killing some of them in cold blood. Abdul Rahman bin Awf, who was eye-witness to that incident, said that Khalid killed them only to seek revenge for both of his uncles whom Banu Khuzaymah had killed. (Tarikh al-Yaqubi, volume 2 page 61). When the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.s.) heard about that shameful treachery, he thrice dissociated himself before Allah from what Khalid bin Walid had done. Then he sent them Ali ibn Abi Talib (a.s.) carrying with him lot of money to pay their blood-money, the blood spilled by Khalid. As a rule, a brave man is always kind and merciful.
During the time of the First Caliph Abu Bakr, Khalid betrayed Malik ibn Numayrah and executed his men in cold blood, although they were Muslims. Then married Malik’s wife and cohabited with her the same night of her husband’s murder, discarding Islam’s Shariah with regard to the “Iddah” and the Arab’s principles of valor and manliness.
Even the second Caliph, Umar ibn al-Khattab exposed him and called him an enemy of Allah, promising to stone him to death, which he never carried out even after he became the caliph.
Al-Tabari, in his book “Al-Riad al-Nadira” indicates that Banu Saleem had reneged, whereupon the First Caliph Abu Bakr sent them Khalid bin Walid, who gathered some of their men inside the sheds of animals then set them on fire. (Islam prohibits burning humans or animals or even green plants). When Umar ibn al-Khattab came to know about this incident, he went to see Abu Bakr and said, “Why do you let a man employ the same method of torture employed by Allah?”Abu Bakr replied, “By Allah I shall not shame a sword which Allah unsheathed against His foes till He Himself shames it.” In his Sahih, al-Bukhai indicates that the Messenger of Allah had said, “Nobody employs the fire for torture except Allah”
During the caliphate of Umar ibn al-Khattab, two incidents occurred which brought his dismissal from his military career.  At a city called Emesa, Khalid had a special bath with certain substance prepared with alcoholic mixture. Caliph Umar’s spies informed him about it as alcohol is forbidden in Islam. Another incident occurred shortly after the capture of Marash, when Khalid heard about a poet Ash’as, who had recited a poem praising him (Khalid). Khalid gave him a gift of 10,000 dirham apparently from the state treasury. (WIKIPEDIA)

Sources used:
  WIKIPEDIA
  Misbah- ul-Zulum, Roots of the Tragedy of Karbala                by Sayyid Imdad Imam
 Tragedy of al-Zahra: Doubts and Responses                              by Jafar Murtadha al-Amili

Saturday, August 22, 2015

THE COMMANDER OF THE FAITHFUL, THE GATEWAY OF KNOWLEDGE, IMAM ALI (A.S.)'S ADVICE ON LEADING A USEFUL LIFE

Imam Ali (a.s.) said:
Do not be among those people who want to gain good returns without working hard for them, who have long hopes and keep on postponing repentance and penance, who talk like pious persons but run after vicious pleasures. Do not be among those who are not satisfied if they get more in life and are not content if their lot in life’s pleasures is less (they are never satisfied), who never thank Allah for what they get and keep on constantly demanding increase in what is left with them: who advise others for such good deeds that they themselves refrain from; who appreciate good people but do not follow their ways of life; who on account of their excessive sins hate death but do not give up the sinful ways of life; who, if fallen ill, repent their ways of life and on regaining their  health fearlessly readopt the same frivolous ways; who get  despondent and lose all hopes, but on gaining health, become arrogant and careless; who, if faced with misfortunes, dangers or afflictions, turn to Allah and keep on beseeching Him for relief and when relieved or favored with comfort and ease they deceived by the comfortable conditions they found themselves in forget Allah and forsake prayers ; whose minds are allured by day dreams and forlorn hopes and who abhor to face realities of life; who fear for others the enormous repercussions of vices and sins but for their own deeds expect very high rewards or very light disciplinary actions. Riches make such people arrogant, rebellious and wicked, and poverty makes them despondent and lethargic. If they have to work, they work lazily and if they put up a demand they do it stubbornly.
Under the influence of inordinate cravings, they commit sins in quick succession and keep on postponing repentance. Calamities and adversities make them give up the distinguished characteristics of Muslims (patience, hope in future and work for improvement of circumstances). They advise people with narrations of events and facts but do not take any lesson from it. They are good at teachings but bad at practice, therefore they always talk of lofty deeds but their actions belie their words. They are keen to acquire temporal pleasures but are careless and slow to achieve permanent (Divine) benefits. They think good for themselves the things which are actually injurious to them and regard harmful the things which really benefit them. They are afraid of death but waste their time and do not resort to good deeds before death overtakes them. The vices which they regard as enormous sins for others, they consider as minor shortcomings for themselves. Similarly, they attach great importance to their obedience to the orders of Allah and belittle similar actions in others. Therefore, they often criticize others and speak very highly of their own deeds. They are happy to spend time in society of rich persons, wasting it in luxuries and vices but are averse to employing for useful purposes in the company of poor and pious people: They are quick and free to pass verdicts against others but they never pass a verdict against their own vicious deeds. They force others to obey them but they never obey Allah. They collect their dues carefully but they never pay the dues they owe.  They are not afraid of Allah but fear powerful men.

These are the Golden Words of the man who was born in the House of Allah and was martyred in the House of Allah, who was nurtured by “The Perfect Intellect”, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s), who named him as “The Gateway of Knowledge”, who attained perfection in every walk of life. We should review his invaluable pearls of wisdom frequently!


Reproduced from “The Peak of Eloquence”

Thursday, August 20, 2015

RESPECTFUL LOVE AND DEVOTION OF AHLUL BAYT (A.S.)

       Surah al-Shu’rah Ayah 23: “Qul La Asalukum Alaihe Ajran Illal Mawaddata Fil Qur’ba”                                                                                                                                                                  (Muhammad), say, “I do not ask you for any recompense for my preaching to you except (your) love of my (near) relatives.”
When Islam was firmly anchored in Madinah, the Ansars came to the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) and offered financial help to him. Thereupon the above Ayah of Mawaddah was revealed. Mawaddah is a deep, respectful love. The hypocrites commented that it was not from Allah but he (s.a.w.a.s) made it up. The Ayah 24 was promptly revealed saying: “Do they say that he (Muhammad) has invented falsehood against Allah?” Some of the hypocrites felt guilty and started crying. People tried in vain to interpret this Ayah differently to keep the Ahlul Bayt away from the real intended Infallibles. The word “Qur’ba” has been used 15 times in the Glorious Qur’an meaning near relatives in every case.

Love of Ahlul Bayt in the light of the Prophetic Traditions:
1.       Ahmad reported from Sa’eed bin Jubair from A’mir in the book Ahqaq al-Haq, the companions asked about who were the “Qur’ba”? He (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “Ali, Fatima and their two sons.” He (s.a.w.a.s.) repeated 3 times.
2.       In “Mustadrak Sahihain” Imam Zain al-Abedin said that after the martyrdom of Imam Ali (a.s.), Imam Hasan (a.s.) addressing the people, had said: “I belong to that family whose love has been made obligatory in Ayah Mawaddah.”
3.       Suyuti in Tafsir-e-Dur-e-Mansoor, Ibne Abbas narrated that the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “Protect my right over you and for my sake (respectfully) love them.”
4.       Famous Sunni traditionalist Hakim Haskani reported in “Shawahid-al Tanzil” through Abu Amama Bahili that the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “Allah had created other Prophets by different trees, but He created me and Ali from one tree. I am the root, Ali is the branch, Fatima is the cause of its growth, Hasan and Husayn are the fruits and our Shias are the leaves. If anyone prays between the Safa’ and Marwa for thousands of years and become absolutely thin but if he does not have our love in his heart, Allah will send him to Hell.
5.       Zamakhshari in his Tafsir “Kashshaf” and Allama Fakhr-ud-din Razi and Allama Qartabi in their tafsirs. This tradition shows the status and the importance of Ahlul Bayt (a.s.). The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) said:
       Whoever dies with the love of Ale Muhammad in his heart dies as a martyr, his sins will        be deleted, he dies   with the perfect faith, the angels of death will give him the good              news of going to Paradise, Munkir and Nakir in the grave will greet him, he will be                taken to Paradise respectfully like a bride is taken to her groom’s house, two doors will        be opened two doors of Paradise in his grave, Allah will make his grave pilgrimage site          of angels of mercy.
       And whoever dies with enmity of Ale Muhammad in his heart, will enter the plain of           Qiymat with the wordings “This man is disappointed of the Mercy of Allah, he will die          as faithless (kafir) and he will not even smell the scent of Paradise.”
Allama Fakhr-ud-din Razi had reported the above-mentioned tradition by the name of “Hadees Mursal Musallam” and further said: “Ale Muhammad are Ali, Fatima, Hasan, and Husayn who had the strongest bond with Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.s.)” He also narrated a tradition from Zamakhshari in Kashshaf that when the above Ayah was revealed, the companions asked the Prophet as to who were his near ones whose love had been made obligatory on Muslims, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “They are Ali, Fatima and their two sons”
Allama Fakhr-ud-din Razi concluded his tradition with the famous poetry of Imam Sha’fe’i (one of the Four Schools of Sunni Muslim Jurisprudence): “If the person who loves  Ale Muhammad is known as Ra'fzi, then let the Jinn and Humans be witness that I am Rafzi”

Source used:
The Glorious Qur’an (Urdu Translation) Tafsir-e-Namoona   by Ayatollah Nasir Makarem Shirazi

                

Wednesday, August 19, 2015

PROPHET IBRAHIM (A.S.) - APOSTLE TO IMAM

Surah al-Baqarah Ayah 124: “Wa Izibtala Ibrahima Rabbahu Bekalematin Fa-atammahunna  Qala Inni Ja’eluka Linnase Imama Qala Wa Min Zurriati Qala La Yanalu Ahid Za’lemeen.” “When His Lord tested Ibrahim’s faith (by His words) and he satisfied the test, He said, “I am appointing you as the leader of the mankind.” Ibrahim asked, “Will this leadership also continue through my descendants?” The Lord replied, “The unjust do not have the right to exercise My authority.”
The “tests” stated in the above Ayah refers to the following:
                His opposing and blaming the patriarch Azar against the idolatry,
                His rise to the observation of the holding authorities on the earth and in the heavens,
                His attainment of the stage of certainty,
                His method of argument to take the people out of the idolatry or polytheism to the utmost                     heights of  monotheism,
                His efforts to translate the monotheistic theory into the practical unity of worship by                             building the House of Worship-Ka’ba’,
                His sacrificing all the limitations of the Ego by directing his attention to Allah,
                His conscience beginning to focus the Divine Will in the dream as well as while he was                       awake,
                His leaving of his wife and infant son in the desolated desert of Arabia, where the present                     day Makkah is situated,
                Taking his young son, Ismail, to the place of sacrifice and showed determination to                                slaughter him in accordance with the Divine Instruction in the dream,
                His showing of exemplary faith, peace and determination in the face of Babul’s idolaters,                     breaking the idols,consequently punished by the idolaters in the mammoth fire,
                Migrate from the city of idolaters sacrificing his financial assets to go to other places to                       promote the Unity of Allah.
The status of Imamate entails not only bringing message from Allah, give good news to the pious, warn those who oppose the Divine Commandments, but also enforcement of Divine laws and purify the souls of the faithful. Surah al-Sajdah Ayah 24: “We appointed some of the Israelites as leaders for their exercising patience to guide the others to Our commands. They had firm belief in Our revelations.”
Abdullah ibn Masood narrated a tradition saying the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “Allah said to Prophet Ibrahim ‘I will not assign the status of Imamate to the “Unjust” or “Za’lim”.’ Prophet Ibrahim inquired; “Who are the unjust ones?” Allah said: “Who ever had prostrated to the idols.”
So any one who had committed sins, either small or big, including idol-worshipping (Shirk) is an “Unjust” person and is incapable for the status of Imamate. Consequently, the Imam should be “Infallible”. From this stand point no one except Imam Ali (a.s.) was capable to succeed the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). A person is Infallible or not, only Allah (s.w.t.) knows the conditions of our hearts heart. Hence the title of Imamate is a Divine status and only Allah (s.w.t.) can appoint an Imam.
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) and the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.) were the direct descendants of Prophet Ibra’him. They were Infallible and sinless. Hence the prayer of Prophet Ibrahim was accepted by Allah.  Similarly, the eleven Infallible Imams after Imam Ali (a.s.) are the Imams as promised by Allah (s.w.t.) and the last one, Imam Mahdi (a.s.) is guiding the humanity as the sun continues to supply life to the inhabitants of the planet earth, humans, animals and the plants.

Sources used:
The Glorious Qur’an (English Translation) by Ayatollah Agha H.M.M. Pooya Yazdi

The Glorious Qur’an (Urdu Translation) by Ayatollah Nasir Makarem Shirazi

Tuesday, August 18, 2015

SURAH AL-QAMAR

Surah al-Qamar was revealed in Makkah. It has 55 Ayahs. The contents of the Suarh may be highlighted as under:
It relates to:
                 The “Nearness of the Day of Resurrection”, rent asunder of the moon, negation from                            opposition,
                 The hostile people of the Prophet Noah,
                 The chastisement of the people of A’d,
                 The opposition by the people of Thamud to the Prophet Saleh and the She camel,
                 The people of Prophet Lot and their irregular sexual behavior and the painful chastisement,
                The Pharaoh (Fir’aun) and his followers, their punishment,

                 According to the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.): “Whoever recites this Surah on alternate days, his face will be shining like the full moon on the Day of Resurrection”
In order to attain the maximum benefits of this Surah, one should ponder and think over the contents of this Surah and make every effort to put into practice in his life.
Like other Surahs of the Glorious Qur’an revealed in Makkah, this Surah also deals with the Roots of Islam e.g. Unity of Allah, Prophet Hood of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) and the Day of Resurrection.
As the unique style of the Glorious Qur’an is to discuss and describe various concepts and the events of many Prophets and their people’s hostile behavior and the Divine Chastisement. Similarly, in this Surah also the stories of the Prophet Noah, Prophet Saleh and Prophet Lot are described.

The rent asunder of the moon had been narrated by some reliable sources. The companions such as Anas bin Malik, Ibne Masood, Huzaifa-e-Yamani, Jabir bin Mat ‘am have also narrated this event. This was a unique miracle of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). It is reported that Abu Jehl and some Jews came to the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) and said: “O’ Muhammad, if you are in fact the Apostle of God, cause the moon to get rent asunder.” The Noble Prophet prayed to the Lord and with God’s help, he pointed to the moon with his finger and the moon was seen split into two parts. Ibne Masood says that he saw the peak of the Mount Hira interposing between the two parts. Then the people wanted the two parts to be joined together and it was done. The Jew, convinced of the great miracle, embraced Islam but Abu Jehl remained the same saying that it was a transient sorcery. According to the tafsir of Dur al-Mansour, the caravans from Syria when arrived in Makkah did confirm the miracle but the Polytheists did not change.
In reply to the objections from certain quarters about the lack of universal attestation of this miracle, it may be stated:
                The earth is always lighted by the sun’s light on the half of the globe, hence only half                   of the globe was in dark.
                As this miracle occurred past the midnight, naturally about one-fourth of the                               inhabitants may be aware of        this.
                Even in parts of the globe might be covered by clouds.
                People may be looking towards sky only in abnormal conditions like thunder storms                   or Lunar Eclipse etc.
                At that period of time the means of communications were not as prompt as the                             modern times.

The Ayah “We made the Qur’an easy to understand, but is there anyone who would take heed?” has been repeated in this Surah four times.
NASA Photograph: Appolo Mission photographs of Rima Ariadaeus revealed a rift line across the surface of the moon. A 2004 book by Naghloul El-Naggar reproduces one of these photographs and says that British Muslim David Musa Pidcock told him he had seen a 1978 “program” (sic) in which he claimed that unnamed US space scientists had said that “the moon had been split a long time ago and rejoined, and there is a lot of concrete evidence on the surface of the moon to prove this.”(WIKIPEDIA)

Sources used:
The Glorious Qur’an (English translation) by Ayatollah Agha H.M.M. Pooya Yazdi
The Glorious Qur’an (Urdu translation) by Ayatollah Nasir Mukarem Shirazi

WIKIPEDIA

Saturday, August 15, 2015

DESCENT OF THE STAR AND THE KHILAFAT AND THE IMAMAT

Suarah An-Najm Ayah 1 to 4: “Wan-Najm-e-Iza Hawa, MaZalla Sahebukum Wa Ma Ghawa,Wa Ma Yantiqu Anil Hawa,  In Howa Illa Wahian Yuha.” “By the star, when descending (in space), your companion (Muhammad) is not in error nor has he deviated. He does not speak out of his own desires. It (whatever he says) is a revelation which has been revealed to him.”
This Surah was revealed in Madinah. The houses of the emigrants from Makkah were built around the Masjid-e-Nabawi with doors opening inside the mosque. When the number of Muslims increased, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) received the Commandments from Allah (s.w.t.) to close all the doors of the houses of Muslims except the doors of the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (a.s.). When the revelation was announced, Imam Ali (a.s.) was prepared to close the doors of his house. The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “O ‘Ali! The order does not apply to you, as you are of me and I am of you. Some people remarked that the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) has been maddened of his love for (Imam) Ali and has gone astray.
The famous narrator of the Traditions Ibne Abbas says: “Once we offered our ‘Isha’ prayer, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) turned towards us and said: “At dawn a star will descend from heaven. On whosoever’s house it gets down, he shall be my heir, my Caliph, and the Imam.” Everyone sat waiting for the star, and more than any one, Abbas the uncle of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), coveted for the star, but the star from heaven, and descended on (Imam) Ali’s house. The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) told Imam Ali (a.s.): “O’ Ali! By the One Who has sent me as His Apostle, I say that for you have been assigned by Allah, to be my Heir, my Kalif and Imam.” (Minhaj -us-Sadiqeen, Persian Tafsir). The hypocrites, who could not relish it, said that the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) in his love for Ali had gone mad or gone astray. On this occasion this Ayahs were revealed.
The famous Sunni scholar, Suyuti narrated in his book “Durrul Manshur” as: “One day the Prophet of Allah ordered that all doors of the houses which opened in the Mosque should be closed, (Except the doors of Ali’s house). It was not like by the Muslims. The Prophet’s uncle Hamzah complained that why his doors and the doors of Abu Bakr, Omar and Abbas were closed?
 On hearing these complaints, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) ascended the pulpit and delivered a matchless sermon and said: “O’ People! Neither I have opened nor closed the doors; I did not expel any one from the mosque nor stationed him (Ali) in the mosque. (Whatever happened was in accordance with the Commands of Allah). Then he recited these Ayahs of the Glorious Qur’an.
This hadith not only highlights the supreme stature of the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.) after the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), but also points out to the fact that all actions (speech or otherwise) of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) has the backing and support of the Divine Commandments. It also strengthens the Shia belief about the Infallibility of the Prophets and the Pure Ahlul Bayt (a.s.)

Sources used:
The Glorios Qur’an (English Translation) by Muhammad Sarwar
The Glorious Qur’an (English Translation) by Ayatollah Agha H.M.M. Pooya Yazdi
The Glorious Qur’an (Urdu Translation) by Ayatollah Nasir Makarem Shirazi
The Glorious Qur’an (Urdu Translation) by Maulana Farman Ali
Al-Amali by Shaikh Saduq
Manaqib Mullah Abul Hasan bin Mughazili Shafe’I, Sharf-ul-Mustafa Abu Hamid Sha’fei, Ibne Marduya