Saturday, September 20, 2014

HAZRAT D'ATA GANJBKAHSH (R.A.)

Hazrat Sayyid Hafiz Haji Abul Hasan Ali bin Usman bin Ali Al-Jalabi Al-Hajwiri was also known as “Data’ Ganj Bakhsh”, was a great Persian Sufi scholar, writer and poet, who lived during the 5th century A.H. He had significantly contributed to the spread of Islam in South Asia. Hazrat Ali Hajweri was born both a Hussayni and Hasani Sayyid! He was blessed with the direct lineage to the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) through his father who was a direct descendant of Hazrat Imam Hasan (a.s.) as explained below:
Hazrat Ali Hajweri, son of Hazrat Muhammad Usman, son of Hazrat Abul Hasan Ali, son of, Hazrat Abdul Rahman, son of Hazrat Shah Shuja, son of Hazrat Abul Hasan Ali, son of Hazrat Hasan Asghar, son of Hazrat Zaid, son of Hazrat Imam Hasan (a.s.), son of Hazrat Ali (a.s.). His mother was a descendant of the King of Martyrs, Imam Hussayn (a.s.). She was greatly devoted to religious worship and was committed to the betterment of welfare of the poor and suffering.
After the tragedy of Karbala, many of the descendants of Imam Ali (a.s.), dispersed to foreign lands, and the forefathers of Hazrat Ali Hajweri moved to the Ghaznavid Empire-modern day Afghanistan.
He was born in Ghazni during the reign of Mahmud Ghaznavi between 400 to 406 A.H.
After acquiring basic education, he travelled to different parts of the Middle East in search of a spiritual leader (Murshid) and was accepted by Shaikh Abul Fazl Muhammad. His other associates/teachers were:
Abul Abbas Ahmad, Abul Qasim bin Ali, Abu Ahmad  Muzaffar, and Abul Qasim Abdul Karim.
Arrival in Lahore:
One night, he saw his spiritual leader in dream saying to him: “O’ My son! We have appointed you as Qutb for Lahore.” After reaching Lahore, he constructed a monastery for himself and a mosque. While the mosque was still under construction, the Ulemas of the city raised huge storm of opposition to the effect that the mosque was not aligned exactly towards Qibla. Upon completion of the mosque, he invited all the Ulemas, Sufis, Saints, and the leading citizens and they offered prayers behind him.  He asked the people to close their eyes, meditate and then decide whether it is correct or not. Thereafter, he meditated and curtains were removed from the eyes of the people. All of them saw that the Sacred Ka’ba was before their eyes.
Khawaja Moin-ud-Din Chishti (r.a.) at his Mausoleum:
Hazrat Khawaja Moin-ud-Din Chishti (r.a.), the great saint of Ajmer, India came to Lahore to meditate for 40 days at the altar of Hazrat Ali Hajwiri (r.a.), and after achieving spiritual enlightenment, Khawaja Moin-ud-Din Chishti (r.a.) expressed his gratitude and out of love and devotion uttered the following couplet in Persian:
                                          Ganj Bakhsh-e faiz-e Alam, mazhar-e Nur-e Khuda
                                            Naqisaan ra Pir-e Kaamil, Kaamilan ra Rahnuma
      The giver of bounties, the benefactor of the world (and) the manifestation of the light of God
                            To the imperfect, a perfect spiritual guide, and to the perfect, a guide
This couplet had been written on the head plate of his grave.
Kashf-al-Mahjoob or Revelation of the Veiled:
This is one of the most famous books of Hazrat Data GanjBakhsh. It was written in Persian and has been translated in many languages including Urdu and English. The book is about Sufism starting with a chapter on “Ilm” or knowledge! There are other six books. Kashf al-Mahjoob was translated in English by Reynolds A. Nicholson Litt. D., lecturer in Persian in the University of Cambridge in the year 1911 A.D. There are 25 chapters of the book. Some of the chapters are about the Imams pertaining to the companions, to the House of Prophet, the followers (Ta’biun) etc. There are 11 chapters each for “one Veil”. The “Eleven Veils” are: “Gnosis (Marefat) of God, Unification (Tauheed), Faith, Purification from Foulness, Prayer (Salaat), Alms (Zakaat), Fasting (Saum), Pilgrimage (Hajj), Companionship, Definition of terms, and Audition (Sama’).
There are about 112 sayings of Hazrat Data GanjBakhsh on “Sufiwiki.com”. Some of them are: “Faith and gnosis are love, and obedience is a sign of love. Although hunger is an affliction of the body, it illuminates the heart, purifies the soul, and leads the spirit into the presence of God! Hunger sharpens the intelligence and improves the mind and health. Religion is the root and Sufism is the branch. Eternal life is gained by spiritual sacrifice and by the renunciation of self-interest in fulfilling God’s Commandments. The friends of God behold in every gift and benefit the Giver and the Benefactor. Men are looking to the Ka’aba, but the God is ever looking to the heart! Knowledge is a Divine attribute and action is a human attribute. Human nature is more prone to ignorance than to knowledge. Lust is our shackle, and sins are our chain. Our religion takes the middle course between free will and predestination.


Sources: WIKIPEDIA, SUFI-WIKI.COM, QALANDERIA.BLOGSPOT.COM

Wednesday, September 17, 2014

IMAMAT ACCORDING TO THE GLORIOUS QUR'AN

According to the Ahlul Bayt News Agency, Dr. Majdi Wahba  Al-Shafi’i, of Al-Azhar University, had established from the Ayahs of the Glorious Qur’an that the number of Imams is twelve and they are Infallible and the Shiite Islam is correct and authentic. This article was published in an Egyptian magazine “Roz al-Yusuf”. 
There is a philosophy in the number of the words; the word “Yom” (Day) has been used in the Glorious Qur’an 365 times meaning the number of days in a year are 365. Similarly, the word “Shhar” (Month) has been used in the Glorious Qur’an 12 times meaning there are 12 months in a year. On the same lines the word “Imam”, either singular or plural, has been used 12 times in the Glorious Qur’an meaning there are 12 Imams in Islam. According to a Tradition of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.): “The number of Imams are 12, the first three are Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.), Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (a.s.), and the King of Martyrs, Imam Hussayn (a.s.) and the balance 9 Imams are from his lineage.
The word “Imam” has been used in the Glorious Qur’an in the following Ayahs:
1.       Surah al-Baqarah Ayah 124; “…..I am appointing you as the Leader (Imam) of mankind…..”
2.       Surah al-Taubah Ayah 12: “Fight against the Leaders (Imams) of the unbelievers……”
3.       Surah al-Hud Ayah 17: “…..a witness who is an imam and a blessing recites it…….”
4.       Surah al-Isra’ Ayah 71: “On the day when we call every nation with their Leader (Imam)….”
5.       Surah al-Anbiya Ayah 73: “We appointed them as Leaders (Imams) to guide the people…..”
6.       Surah al-Qisas Ayah 5: “…suppressed ones in the land by appointing them Leaders (Imams)...”
7.       Surah al-Hijr Ayah 79: “Both people had clear (divine) authority (Imam) among them.”
8.       Surah al-Sajdah Ayah 24: “We appointed some of the Israelites as Leaders (Imams)….”
9.       Surah Ya’seen Ayah 12: “And everything have We confined into a Manifesting Imam.
10.   Surah al-Qasas Ayah 41: “We made them the kinds of Leaders (Imams) who would invite…..”
11.   Surah al-Furqan Ayah 74: “Our Lord, make our spouses….and appoint an Imam of pious ones.”
12.   Surah al-Ahqaf Ayah 12: “Before this the book of Moses was a Guide (Imam) and a blessing...”
Doctor Majdi had also mentioned the “Hadees-e-Kissa” which is also narrated in different books of the “Saha-Sitta” (The Six True Books”) of our Muslim brothers. The word Kissa or covering has been used in the Glorious Qur’an 5 times which number coincides with the “Five Pure Personalities” (Panjetan Pak).
1.       Surah al-baqarah Ayah 233: “….on the father’s hall be their sustenance and their clothing….”
2.       Surah al-Baqarah Ayah 259: “….how We clothe them with flesh…..”
3.       Surah al-Ma’idah Ayah 89: “…typical of that which you feed to your own people, to clothe them…”
4.       Surah al-Muminoon Ayah 14: “The bones, then, were covered with flesh….”
5.       Surah al-Nisa Ayah 5: “Feed and clothe such people and speak to them in reasonable way”

Doctor Majdi says that from the above Ayahs the number of Imams is confirmed as Twelve and the number of Masoomeen is confirmed Fourteen in which the Lady of Paradise, Fatima Zahra (s.a.) and the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) are included.

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

HAZRAT HUZAYFAH IBN AL-YAMANI (R.A.)

Hazrat Huzayfah was a loyal, trustworthy companion of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), and Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (a.s.). He was one of the seven persons who participated in the funeral of Lady of Paradise, Hazrat Fatima Zahra (s.a.) He participated in all military adventures with the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) except the Battle of Badr. During the Battle of Uhad, he participated with his father al-Yaman. As al-Yaman and Thabit ibn Waqsh were old men, hence the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) did not allow them to take part in the battle and they were left behind. As the fighting intensified, they both decided to join the fight. Thabit ibn Waqsh was killed by the Polytheists. The Muslim did not recognize al-Yaman and attacked him. Huzayfa cried out: “My father! My father!” No one heard him and he was killed in error. The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) wanted to pay compensation to Huzayfah for his father’s death but he said: “He was simply seeking shahadah and he attained it. O’Lord! Be witness that I donate the compensation for him to the Muslims.”
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) was impressed by three qualities of Huzayfah; his unique intelligence, quick wittedness, and his ability to keep a secret even under persistent questioning. A primary problem was faced in Madinah were the hypocrites who had superficially accepted Islam while simultaneously plotting against the Muslims. Because of Huzayfa’s ability to keep a secret, the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) told him the names of the hypocrites, a trust not bestowed upon others. Huzayfah was commissioned to watch their movements and follow their activities. After the sad demise of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), the second caliph indirectly found out who the hypocrites were by watching Huzayfah if he did not attend the funeral, and then the caliph did not recite funeral prayer for the deceased.
Battle of the Ditch:
The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) sent Huzayfah into the enemy lines to bring information about their situation and morale. He prayed for Huzayfah: “O Lord! Protect him from front, from behind, from his right side, from his left side, from above and from below.” Huzayfah was already in the enemy camp. It was dark and cold night. Abu Sufyan warned his men to check who is sitting next to you. Huzayfah himself asked the stranger next to him to put him on the defensive. At one stage Abu Sufyan was very close to Huzayfah who could have easily killed him but he remembered the Prophet’s advice not to make any move before he returns to the Muslim camp.
Huzayfah’s Philosophy:
Huzayfah al-Yamani felt the sources of good in life were easily recognizable for those who desire virtues but evil was deceptive and often difficult to perceive. He warned people to struggle against evil with their heart, hands, and tongue. Those who stood against evil with their hearts and tongues and not hands, he considered as having abandoned a part of truth. Those who hated evils only in their hearts but did not combat it with their tongues and hands, forsook two parts of the truth and those who neither detested nor confronted evil with their hearts, tongues and hands, he considered them as physically alive but morally dead.
Victory in the Battle of Nihawand:
The second caliph made him the second in command of the army of thirty thousand Muslims sent to face the Persian forces who were five times stronger. The first commander, Nauman ibn Maqran fell early in the battle, and Huzayfah immediately took charge and instructing that the commander’s death should not be broadcast. Under Huzayfah’s leadership, the Muslims won a decisive victory. Huzayfah also took part in the multi-pronged advance into Armenia, leading a column to Al-Lan Mountains.
Later, when Imam Ali (a.s.) appointed him the governor of Kufa and Mada’in, the crowd went to meet the famous companion of whose great role had already become a legend. As they waited, a lean man approached on a donkey eating a loaf of bread. Huzayfah realized that they were waiting for him to speak and he eventually said: “Beware of the places of fitnah and intrigue; the doors of rulers where some people go and try to make the ruler or governor believe lies and praise him for qualities he does not possess.”
He died just before the Battle of Jamal (Camel) in 36 A.H. and was laid to rest at Mada’ain.
In the year 1932, Huzayfah came in the dream of the King Faisal of Iraq and requested that the graves of Jabir ibn Abdullah Ansari (r.a.) and himself were being flooded, hence remove their bodies to safer place. Please read details in the article “Hazrat Jabir ibn Abdullah Ansari (r.a.)”
Sources used:

WIKIPEDIA, ZIARAAT.COM, EZSOFTECH/MIRACLE OF ISLAM

Monday, September 15, 2014

HIS EMINENCE GRAND AYATULLAH SAYYID ALI AL-HUSAYNI AL-SISTANI

Grand Ayatullah Sayyid Ali al-Husayni al-Sistani was born on 9th Rabi al-Awwal 1349 A.H. in the Holy City of Mashhad. Eid al-Zahra falls on 9th of Rabi al-Awwal! He was brought up in a family known for its religious back ground. At the age of 5, His Eminence started learning the Glorious Qur’an. In the beginning of 1360 A.H, he started learning basic Hawzah lessons. In late 1368 A.H., he migrated to Qum to accomplish his studies of Fiqh and Usul. He was benefitted by two well known scholars, Sayyid Husayn Tabatabai and Grand Kuhkamari. In early 1371 A.H., His Eminence left for Najaf al-Ashraf and started attending Ayatullah Khu’i and Shaikh Husayn Hilli’s lectures in Jurisprudence and Fundamentals of Jurisprudence for a considerably long time. Meanwhile, he attended the lectures of other prominent scholars like Ayatullah Hakim and Ayatullah Shahryudi (May Allah Bless them). In 138 A.H., Ayatullah Sistani travelled back to Mashad. During the same year, he was awarded a permit by Imam al-Khu’i and Shaikh Hilli certifying that he has attained the level of Ijtehad-deduction of legal judgment in matters of religion. He was also awarded a diploma by the distinguished traditionalist and scholar Shaykh Agha Buzurg Tehrani testifying to his skill in the science of “Rijal” biographies of Hadees, Prophetic traditions, and narrators of those hadees.
Some professors of Howzah advised late Grand Ayatullah Khu’i to groom someone for the office of Supreme Religious Authority. Hence the choice fell on His Eminence Grand Ayatullah Sistani for his merits, eligibility, knowledge, and impeccable character. Accordingly, he started leading the prayer in Imam al-Khu’i Mosque in al-Khadra in his life time in 1408 A.H and continued leading the prayer until the mosque was closed in 1414 A.H.
His Eminence performed Hajj three times.
The Salient features of His Eminence’s methods of teaching are:
He speaks about the history of the research.
He always connects between the thoughts of Howzah and the contemporary civilizations.
He always looks after the principles in relation to Fiqh.
His believes that a faqih must penetrate into the real meaning behind the text.
He believes that a faqih must be acquainted with Arabic literature, civilizations, oratory, poems, grammar etc.
He always compares his research or discussion with two main centers of knowledge; Mashhad and Qum.
Characteristics of his personality:
He exercises equity and respect for other’s opinions.
He is Polite in discussions.
As a teacher, he regards his work as a heavenly mission practiced with love, care and full responsibility.
He is a pious man leading a simple life.
He is modern faqih with genuine principles.
His work includes books on “Current Legal Issues, A Code of Practice for Muslims living in the West, Hajj Rituals, Islamic Laws, and Jurisprudence Made Easy.”There are thirty two other published works which have to be translated into English.
On March 4, 2014, the Daily Telegraph commentator Colin Freeman published an article naming Grand Ayatullah Sayyid Ali al-Husayni al Sistani, as the most appropriate Nobel Peace Prize candidate. Similarly, The Tehran Times reported that a group of members of the Iraqi Parliament announced that they intend to nominate His Eminence for the 2014 Noble Peace Prize.
There are about 43 Institutions all over the world rendering social, educational, medical, and religious services under His Eminence Grand Ayatullah Sistani.
There is a huge network of web-sites catering to needs of Muslims and non-Muslims alike.
Sources used:
WIKIPEDIA
SISTANI.ORG
IRAQ:Grand Ayatullah Ali al-Sistani.com

Friday, September 12, 2014

SCATTERED PEARLS - 1

Extracts from the book “Dastan hai Paragandah” compiled by Ayatullah Sayyid Abdul Hussayn Dasteghaib (r.a.):
The Miracle of “Bismillah hir Rahmaanir Rahim”:
The emperor of Rome had requested cure for his strange headache from the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.). The Imam gave a cap to the emperor’s messenger and advised that whenever he feels headache, he should wear the cap. The emperor wore that cap and surprisingly his headache had subsided. After a few times, he became inquisitive to know as to what was inside the cap. He ordered that the cap should be torn open. When the cap was torn up, they found the following Divine Phrase: “Bismillah hir Rahmaanir Rahim”
Broken Gem:
A goldsmith used to live in the neighborhood of the Infallible Imam Muhammad Taqi (a.s.). The minister of Abbasside Caliph of the time sent a valuable gem and asked the goldsmith to fit it into a ring. As the goldsmith was trying to fix the gem into the ring, it broke into two pieces. He was scared to death and in that condition he came in the presence of the Infallible Imam (a.s.) and told him about the mishap. The Infallible Imam (a.s.) pacified him and told him not to worry about it, be patient, Allah is All-Powerful. After a few days, a messenger came from the minster saying that as he had two wives and the other wife also wants the exact gem in a ring as the first one. Further, the minister did not have another gem of the same quality, hence if he could break the gem and make two rings. The goldsmith made two rings and also received huge rewards. The goldsmith thanked the Imam. Man should always have hopes from only Allah.
Slave’s Confidence:
The Infallible Imam Zain-al-Abedin (a.s.) called his slave for some work but he did not respond, the Imam called him again but he did not reply. The Imam went and finished his work. After wards, he asked the slave: “I called you twice did you not hear it?” The salve replied: “Yes, I did.” The Imam inquired: “Then why you did not reply?” The slave said: “I was tired, and I was confident that you will not scold me!” The Imam raised his hands and said: “O Allah! I thank you that my slave has amnesty and not afraid of any oppression or anger from me.”
Loan in the name of Imam Ali (a.s.):
Ibrahim ibn Mehran narrates in the book “Kalema-e-Tayyaba” as follows: “Abu Jaffar was my neighbor in Kufa. He was a pious man of good manners. He used to pay the needy Sayyids from “Sahme Sadaat”. If any Non-Sayyid comes, he used to tell his slave to pay the needy and charge it “debt on Imam Ali (a.s.)”. After some time he became poor and started reviewing the record and started calling the people to whom he had loaned. Once an enemy of Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) was passing near his house and sarcastically remarked: “What will you do about your main debtor Ali Ibn Abi Talib?”That night, he had a dream in which he saw the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) asking Imam Hasan (a.s.) and Imam Husayn (a.s.): “Where is your father?” Imam Ali (a.s.), was seated at his back, said “I am here.” The Prophet said: “Why don’t you pay his right" Imam Ali (a.s.) handed over a woolen bag to the man and said: “This is yours, keep it and you will not face difficulties.” Abu Jaffar says that when he woke up, the woolen bag was still in his hand. He awoke his wife and both saw that there were one thousand gold coins in the bag. When he reviewed his record, he found that the amount in “Loan in the name of Imam Ali (a.s.)” was exactly one thousand gold coins, not one coin less nor more.
Blessings by thankfulness to Allah:
The Infallible Imam Musa al-Kazim (a.s.) narrates: “There was a pious couple in the Children of Isra’il (Bani Isra’il). The man had a dream in which he was informed “you will live for certain number of years. Half of your life will be financially comfortable and other half will be a financial crunch. You will be given an option which one you want first. The man promised to consult her pious wife and then decide.” In the morning, the man discussed it with his wife. She said: “You opt for the financial comfort in the earlier part of life and with the God’s mercy; He may extend our comforts for the remaining part of our life.” Next night he again had a dream and informed the person to have comfortable life in the earlier part. He was told that it will be as he desired.” The life became very comfortable as wealth started flowing in his life. His wife told him: “You should help your relatives, neighbors, and destitute.” The man continued to spend in the path of God and half of his life passed. Then again he had a dream in which he was told that because he had spend his wealth in the God’s path and was thankful to Him; hence his remaining half of life will continue to be comfortable and full of blessings.

Thursday, September 11, 2014

HAZRAT KUMAIL IBN ZIAD AL-NAKHA'I (R.A.)

Hazrat Kumayl ibn Ziyad al-Nakha’i was one of the most pious and loyal companions of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) and the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.). During the period of the Caliphate of Imam Ali (a.s.), he flourished and attained a prominent position, learned the secrets of life from his mentor, master, and friend. Imam Ali (a.s.) taught him the famous Dua’a of Khizr, which was subsequently known as “Dua’a-e-Kumayl”, a master piece of Arabic literature bearing the stamp of the “Gateway of Knowledge” of the City of Knowledge-the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.).
He was born in the First Year A.H. in Yemen and belonged to the tribe of Banu Nakha, hence his title of “Al-Nakha’i”
Conversion to Islam: The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) sent Khalid ibn Walid to the people of Yemen to extend invitation to Islam. But he could not convince the people as it very rarely happens that a swords- man can possess line of wisdom. The people began hurling stones at him and he returned to Madinah unsuccessful. Then the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s) sent his “Self” as represented in Glorious Qur’an Ayah “Mubahela”. Imam Ali (a.s.) along with a few Muslims went to Yemen and the people hearing the name of Islam again, started hurling stones at them also. But Imam Ali (a.s.) advised his companions to remain patient. Kumail who was a young man narrates: “Imam Ali (a.s.) explained Islam to us with wisdom, honor, and dignity, and within few moments all of us wanted to join the religion of the Noble Prophet.” They were attracted towards Islam by the fact that although they abused and angered Imam Ali (a.s.), yet he responded by good manners! Hence Banu Nakha, Kinda, Hamadan, and Thaftan tribes accepted Islam. Likewise, Kumayl ibn Ziyad, Malik al-Ashtar, Hujr ibn Adi, and Uwais al-Qarani were also inspired by Imam Ali (a.s.)’s teachings and manners and accepted Islam. Since that time they developed a deep love and respect for the Commander of the Faithful.
Conflict with governor of Kufa appointed by Third Caliph: The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) had sent Walid ibn Uqba (half brother of the third caliph) to collect Zakaat from the tribe of Bani al-Mustalaq. Before converting to Islam there was deep enmity between Walid and Bani al-Mustalaq. When the people heard that a representative of the Prophet was coming, they were over-joyed and rushed to welcome him. Walid thought that because of old enmity they were coming to attack him. Hence without establishing the truth, he returned to Madinah and told a lie that Bani al-Mustalaq had refused to pay zakaat. The Noble Prophet was about to embark upon going to punish them when Ayah 6 of Surah Hujrat was revealed saying: “Believers, if one who publicly commits sins brings you any news, ascertain its truthfulness carefully, lest you harm people through ignorance and then regret what you have done.” The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s) called him a “Fasiq” (An open sinner) and asked him to be exiled. He remained in exile till the third caliph (in open contravention of the Prophetic order) called him back and appointed him as the governor of Kufa!
One day, Walid came to the mosque in a drunken condition to lead the Morning Prayer. He was so intoxicated that instead of two rakat he read four rakat and after completing four rakat he turned back and asked the people if he should continue! This event enraged the Muslims and a group of ten Muslims including Malik al-Ashtar and Kumayl ibn Ziayd complained to Muawiya but he rejected them and quoted Ayah 59 of Surah al-Nisa: “…..obey your Ulil Amr”
Kumayl ibn Ziyad as governor of Hit, Iraq: Imam Ali (a.s.) appointed Kumayl as the governor of Hit and reminded him never to leave Hit. Muawiya attacked Kafarqos city and Kumayl left to protect it. Imam Ali (a.s.)’s letter No.61 of Nahjul Balagha refers to this episode.
Hadees al-Haqiqah: Kumayl was much closer to Imam Ali (a.s) and wanted to acquire as much knowledge as possible. There is a dialogue between the two concerning “What is the Truth”.
Kumayl ibn Ziayad had saved many supplications instructed to him by the “Gateway of Knowledge” and “Khateeb-e-Member-e-Salooni”; Imam Ali (a.s.). The most famous ones are; Dua’a-e-Kumayl and Dua’a-e-Sabah.
When his master, mentor, friend, Imam Ali (a.s.) was martyred in the Masjid-e-Kufa while prostrating in the morning prayers, Kumayl was saddened and cried. Kumayl himself says: “When I lost Ali ibn Abi Talib, I lost the secrets of Allah on earth!” After the martyrdom of Imam Ali (a.s), Kumayl disappeared for forty years. When Abdul Malik ibn Marwan came to power, he appointed Hajjaj ibn Yusuf as the governor of Kufa. Hajjaj’s hatred for Shias may be gauged by his saying: “From now on, in Eid-al-Azha, sacrifice anyone who is named Ali, Hasan and Husayn!” Was he even a Muslim?
Hajjaj asked Kumayl to disown Imam Ali (a.s.) so he will not kill him. Kumayl said: “Show me a better religion than Abu Turab’s religion, I will follow it.” He was martyred by Hajjaj at the age of 84.
Legacy: Kumayl is held in high respect and esteem all over the world for his words of wisdom, Dua’as, stance against oppression/corrupt rulers and martyrdom. His life highlighted that one should be disciplined, firm, have faith in Allah and sacrifice to keep the message of Allah alive.
Sources used:
The Glorious Qur’an-translation                                                  by Ayatullah Nasir Makarem Shirazi

WIKIPEDIA, Shisstudies.net, and Islamic Blessings by Kamal al-Saiyyid

Wednesday, September 10, 2014

SHAHEED AYATULLAH SAYYID ABDUL HUSSAYN DASTEGHAIB (R.A.)

He was born in Shiraz, Iran in the year 1332 A.H. He belonged to a highly religious family that was known for its intellectual heritage going back to 800 years!  He began his religious education at an early age, and in his late teen years he was already leading prayers in Masjid Baqir Khan in Shiraz. In the year 1353 A.H. he travelled to Najaf al-Ashraf, the renowned seat of learning of Islamic studies. He studied under the most prominent scholars like Sayyid Abul  Hasan Isphhani, Sayyid Ali Qazi Tabatabai, and Shaikh Diauddin al-Iraqi.
Upon completion of his education, he returned to Shiraz. He began fundraising to revitalize the Seminary in Shiraz as it was in decline for centuries.  Along with a few local scholars, he began teaching theology, jurisprudence, and exegesis.
He openly spoke in favor of Ayatollah Khomeini and his revolutionary ideas. Consequently he was frequently placed under house arrest. But he continued his efforts to prepare the people mentally and spiritually for the revolution.
Apart from his academic writings, he also had written dozens of books on morals for the ordinary believers. Several of his books were translated in English and other languages. To mention a few, these were Greater Sins, Iste’aaza (Seeking Allah’s Protection from Shaitan), Qalbe Saleem (Immaculate Conscience),Commentaries on Surah Hujraat and Surah Yaseen, Salaat al- Khashi’een, Nafas al-Mutmainna, biographies of the Lady of Paradise Sayyida Fatima Zahra (s.a.) and Sayyida Zainab-e-Kubra (s.a.).
His translated books in Urdu are:
Aalam-e-Barzakh, Sachche Wa’qeaat, Bikhre Moti, Darul Aakhira, Dars-e-Akhlaq, Jawab Hazir Hai, Hairat Angez Waqeaat, Tafsir Surah Hujrat, Maulai Dastanain, Nafsi Mutmainna, Ma’ad (Qiamat)
After the revolution he was elected to the Parliament from Shiraz. He was also appointed the Representative of Ayatullah Khomeini in Shiraz as well as the prayer leader of the Jame’ Masjid of Shiraz. A pious and humble man and excellent model of spirituality with a lofty character, hence he was greatly loved and respected by his entire congregation.
However, there were terrorists working to destabilize the Islamic Government in Iran. They had assassinated several leaders of the revolution including Sayyid Muhammad Beheshti, Sayyid Ali Qazi Tabatabai, Sayyid Asadullah Madani, and Shaikh Murtaza Mutahhari. In the year 1402 A.H. as he was proceeding to lead the Friday Prayers, a powerful explosion shook the city, and the beloved prayer leader of Shiraz was martyred. His body was collected piece by piece, and amid an outcry of grief, he was laid to rest in the city of Shiraz.

Sources used:
Islamic insights

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