Prophet Adam and his wife Hazrat Hawwa landed on this planet thousands of years ago. Allah created mankind from them and spread all over the earth. Of course people since that time have different colors of skin; some are rich while others are poor. As promised, Allah started sending His guides to humanity to preach Unity of God and showed the paths of right and wrong, virtues and sins, also provided Man with patent prophet of intellect and conscience to make a decision before embarking on right path or follow Shaytan. In all, Allah (s.w.t.) sent 124,000 prophets and many guide books (Sahifay) as the caravan of civilization marched forward. Sent four divine Books of guidance; Zubur to Prophet Dawood, Taurayt (Torah) to Prophet Musa, Injeel (Bible) to Prophet I’sa, and the Last Comprehensive Book, the Glorious Qur’an on the heart of the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.). As the Guidance as promised by Allah (s.w.t.) is to continue till the Day of Judgment, and the Prophet Hood had terminated with the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.), Allah (s.w.t.) in His Divine Mercy ordered the Guidance to continue through the Progeny (a.s.) of the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.). The Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.) was sent as a baby by Allah (s.w.t.) in His House; Ka’bah. He was the first Imam of the “Golden Chain of Imamate” and Imam Mehdi (a.t.f.) is the last-twelfth- Imam who is in Occultation and obscured from the people as every Imam was being poisoned or killed by the sword, hence Allah had placed him in occultation but is continuing the task of guiding the humanity like sun spreads its light (energy) from behind the clouds!
In Surah al-Zilzal, Ayahs 7 and 8 which reads as: “Faman Ya’mal Mithqa’al Zarratin Kayran Yara, Wa Man Ya’mal Mithqa’ala Zarratin Saharran Yara””Whoever has done an atom’s weight of good will see it, and whoever has done an atom’s weight of evil will also see it.”
There are three opinions about seeing the deeds; is it the record of good and bad deeds or knowing the quality of the deeds or it means the embodiment of these deeds and observing the deeds themselves. Mithqal means weight, heaviness or scale, but here it means weight. These are one of the Ayahs which shake a man and show that the account of Allah (s.w.t.), on the Day of Judgment, is extraordinarily proper and sensitive, and the scales for weighing the man’s deeds are so delicate and just that they count smallest weight of his actions. The extreme precision of the reckoning on the Day of Judgment is also stated in Surah Luqman Ayah 16 which states: “O my son!” said Luqman, “If there be (but) the weight of a mustard seed and it were (hidden) in a rock, or (anywhere) in the heavens or on earth, Allah will bring it forth: For Allah understands the finest mysteries, (and) is well - acquainted (with them).” Mustard is proverbially a minute small seed. These Ayahs warn the man of the strictness which he will be dealt with in accounting for his deeds. These Ayahs warn us not to think that lesser sins are not important nor the good deeds are insignificant. Whatever Allah counts cannot be insignificant.
Here a question arises that according to these Ayahs, man will see all his deeds, good or evil, small or great, on the Day of Judgment. How does this idea adapts with the Ayahs about the good deeds cancelling bad deeds (or vice versa), excommunication, forgiveness, and repentance?
There are two answers of this question; one is that there are exceptions to the general rule. Another answer is that in case of cancellations and excommunications, there occurs a balance that remains. When man sees the remaining balance, he has, indeed, seen all his good and bad actions. This is also true for repentance and forgiveness.
There is a tradition that once a man came to the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) and asked to be taught. The Messenger sent him to one of his followers to teach him the Glorious Qur’an. He taught the man Surah Zilzal. The man left saying these Ayahs 7 and 8 were sufficient for him. The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) said: “Let him go since he became a scholar.” The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) told Abu Sa’eed Khudri: “The virtues will be counted as ten-fold or even 700 fold and even more if the Merciful Allah (s.w.t) desires. But each vice will be punished as one only or even the Merciful Allah (s.w.t.) may forgive it. But remember, no one will attain salvation simply because of good deeds except Allah (s.w.t.)’s Mercy is included.”
Sources: The Glorious Qur’an (Urdu translation) by Ayatollah Nasir Makarem Shirazi
An Enlightening Commentary into the Light of the Holy Qur’an